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The Crucible

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by

Jasmine Moultrie

on 6 November 2014

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Transcript of The Crucible

Miller & the House of
Un-American Activities Committee (
HUAC
)
Investigated for possible
associations with the Communist party
from 1953 to 1955
In
1956
, he was called to testify before the HUAC
When brought before the committee, he
refused to name any other attendees
Found
guilty of contempt
, but was later released


The Crucible
An Introduction to Puritanism, the Salem Witch Trials, & the play
American playwright
Author of
The Crucible
Attended the
University of Michigan
from 1934-1938
Graduated with a
degree in journalism
Wrote and produced five plays
during college career
Married three times (once to
Marilyn Monroe
– second wife)
Arthur Miller

Miller & the
H
ouse of
U
n-American
A
ctivities
C
ommittee (
HUAC
)
THE

RED

SCARE
THE

RED

SCARE
1947- 1954
A time of
paranoia
and
hysteria
over communism in America
Many
government officials
were involved or accused of communism
Many writers, actors, and directors
lost their jobs

Many named names to
save their own careers

Created a committee to investigate suspected individuals of having ties to the
Communist party

The Crucible
The Crucible
Performed
1953
Based on the
Salem Witch Trials
Miller wrote The Crucible as a
metaphor for the Red Scare in the 1950s
.
He felt there was a
“witch hunt” within the government
and beyond
Like the witch trails, it was easier to admit guilt during the Red Scare than maintain innocence
The Salem Witch Trials
The Salem Witch Trials

1692-93
In 1692,

20 were executed

&

150 were jailed
Mass hysteria over

witchcraft
Several girls in the town began to have

seizures and lapses of unconsciousness
after seeking Tituba, a slave from Barbados, for fortunetelling
Tituba and two elderly women were accused first
Many of the

community’s most prominent citizens were accused
Overall nineteen were

hanged
,
four accused

died in prison
,
and one was
pressed to death with stones

Puritans during the Salem Witch Trials
Strict interpretation of the Bible
Predestination: Salvation pre-chosen by God
Attributed its hardships to the Devil
Believed the devil could do evil works (witchcraft) through people
Unity of church & state
Possible causes:
Hallucinations from spoiled food
Boredom
Land disputes
Strict society
Social cleansing
Roles in the
Salem
Society
Read the introduction to The Crucible
Witch hats =
witches
Gavels =

judges
Crosses =

Puritans
Discuss your role in the community during the Salem Witch Trails
(1915-2005)
Full transcript