**Shapes in Fashion**

Many geometric designs are based on shapes. These designs serve to add an intricate amount of detail to an otherwise ordinary outfit.

More about Geometry and Constructing a Garment...

**Geometry in Fashion**

**Geometry in Fashion**

-Fashion is one of the most inventive and creative platforms for any designer.

Shapes and Lines in Design...

-Designers use various shapes and lines to create patterns that we see in everyday life.

-For example: plaid, argyle, and many more patterns are based on geometric arrangements of shapes and lines.

**By: Mary Lynch**

-Fashion, regardless of what a person is designing, is based on geometry.

-Geometry is used in fashion with:

-Shapes

-Angles

-Lines

-And more!

More Shapes and Lines....

-Geometry is not only used in designing

clothes, but it is used in structuring clothes, as well.

Circle Skirts & Geometry:

Parallel Lines & Seams:

When constructing shirts and pants, the designer must ensure that the seams are parallel in order for the shirt to hang correctly on the body. If the seams are not parallel, then the shirt will not fit properly.

For example, the seams of the shirt

are parallel, which will allow the

shirt to fit correctly.

Plaid:

-Plaid uses parallel and perpendicular lines to create series of rectangles.

-Sets of parallel lines run vertically, while other sets of parallel lines run horizontally.

-A right angle is formed when one of the vertical lines intersects a horizontal line.

-When 4 right angles are formed within a box, a rectangle is created!

Tessellation: a pattern in which congruent copies of a figure completely fill the plane without overlapping

Tessellation in

geometry:

Tessellation in

design:

-Geometric tessellations are used in fashion to create a repeating pattern on clothing.

-For example, the designer of this dress used a tessellation of triangles to create an aesthetically-appealing dress.

-Additionally, the designer of the tie used a repeating pattern of birds to create a unique design.

Argyle:

-Argyle, a pattern found on many sweaters, is a great example of geometry in fashion.

-A designer will first place rhombuses/squares (both parallelograms) on a template.

-After, the designer must draw two sets of parallel lines, each set going in an opposite direction.

-When these lines intersect, they form a larger parallelogram!

-Therefore, argyle is basically a series of overlapping parallelograms

Parallelogram

-The designer of these wedges used various triangles, rhombuses, and circles to form an interesting and creative pattern.

-Without the geometric shapes, these shoes would be very simple and ordinary.

Rhombuses!

Triangles!

Circles!

-Even dresses from 50 years ago, such as this one from the 1960s, have geometric patterns.

-This dress features several geometric shapes, from rhombuses to rectangles to triangles to circles. (circles on the belt)

-The designer chose to incorporate these shapes into the dress to make the garment more interesting and unique.

-Picture 2 courtesy of:

http://hyperbolic-crochet.blogspot.com/2010/03/geometry-is-in-fashion.html

-These dresses are both

included in "Plato's Collection."

-This collection was inspired by the 5 Platonic solids: tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, dodecahedron, and icosahedron.

-These shapes are basically 3D triangles, cubes and pentagons.

-Even though these dresses would not be worn in everyday life, this collection

demonstrates the concept of geometrically-arranged figures in relation to the human body.

Pictures 3 & 4 courtesy of:

http://www.dezeen.com/2010/11/23/platos-collection-by-amila-hrustic/

Parallel!

-Angles are very important when constructing a garment. When creating an outfit, the designer must ensure that he/she sews and cuts the correct angles. For example...

-Right angles are very important in fashion design and in constructing a garment.

-For example, when making a pair of pants, the designer must ensure that the seam running along the side of the pants forms a right angle with the bottom.

-If a right angle is not formed, then the pants will be uneven.

Right Angles!

-Another example of angles in the construction of clothing is V-Necks.

-With a V-Neck, the neck-line must be about a 90 degree angle.

-If the angle of the neckline were too acute, then the neck of the outfit would be too small and would not fit around the person's head.

-However, if the the angle of the V-Neck is too obtuse, the shirt would hang improperly off the shoulders.

Circumference & Fashion Design

-Circumferences of circles are very important when constructing sleeves of shirts, in particular.

-When making the sleeves of a shirt, the designer first has to measure the circumference of the model's arm

-Because the sleeve of a garment is a circle, if the circumference of the sleeve is too small or tight, the outfit would be extremely uncomfortable and could cut off the model's circulation.

-However, if the circumference of the sleeve is too large, then the sleeve will not fit the model properly.

-Therefore, designers must know how to measure the circumference of a circle when constructing a garment.

-Source: Beasley

The sleeves are circular!

In conclusion...

-It is clear that geometry plays an important role in fashion. Geometry provides fashion designers with a unique, creative way to express themselves through design. Additionally, constructing a garment would be impossible without geometry. Therefore, fashion would not be what it is today without geometry.

-When creating a circle skirt, radii and circumferences of circles are very important.

-Radii allow the designer to measure, mark out, and cut the perfect circle. This circle will eventually become the waistline of the skirt.

-First, the designer will find the circumference of the entire piece of fabric that he/she wishes to use for the skirt.

Waistline of skirt!

-Then, the designer must plug the circumference of the circle into the equation:

Circumference / Pi = Diameter

and divide the diameter by 2 to determine the radius. Now the designer can find the exact center of the circle.

-After determining the center of the circle, the designer can apply the circumference of the model's waist to the above equation. This will allow the designer to find the radius of the waistline.

-After determining the radius of the waistline, the designer can draw the perfect circle that will become the waistline.

-Because the designer used the circumference of the model's waist, the skirt should fit the model perfectly.

Picture of 5 courtesy of:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platonic_solid

Picture 1 courtesy of:

http://www.ceedg.com/category/green/

Picture 6 courtesy of: http://www.danamadeit.com/2008/07/tutorial-the-circle-skirt.html

Picture 7 courtesy of: http://www.quia.com/jg/1748554list.html

Picture 8:

Picture 9:

Picture 8 courtesy of: http://www.123rf.com/photo_10564773_sewing-machine-blue-fabric-and-women-s-hands.html

Picture 9 courtesy of: http://www.thesouthernista.com/2013/02/jcrew-minnie-pants.html

Picture 10:

Picture 11:

Picture 10 courtesy of http://www.bridesmaidwire.com/midnight-nu-georgette-v-neck-knee-length-bridesmaid-dress-570.html

Picture 11 courtesy of http://www.frenchnovelty.com/p/Size-8-WTR7187/Size+8+Sleeveless+V+Neck+Short+Watters+Maids+Bridesmaid+Dress+7187.html

Picture 12:

Picture 13:

Picture 12 courtesy of: http://www.sleewee.com/circumference-circle.php

Picture 13 courtesy of: http://www.thisnext.com/item/DD13E070/Topshop-Gina-dress-by-Motel

Picture 15:

Picture 15 courtesy of http://www.glogster.com/glitterglue22/the-clique/g-6n5k9lcable09m4vkuu85a0

Picture 16:

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Picture 18:

Picture 16 courtesy of: http://botanicalthoughts.blogspot.com/2009/09/tessellations-and-fractals-in-nature-in.html

Picture 17 courtesy of: http://origamiblog.com/origami-tessellation-romina-goransky/2011/11/01

Picture 18 courtesy of: http://www.mathartfun.com/shopsite_sc/store/html/EscherTies.html

Picture 19:

Picture 20:

Picture 19 courtesy of: http://bickeringivy.wordpress.com/2012/11/12/motif-monday-argyle/

Picture 20 courtesy of: http://colorburned.com/50_astonishing_argyle_pattern_swat/

Picture 21:

Picture 22:

Picture 23:

Picture 21 courtesy of: http://www.zazzle.ca/messenger+bags

Picture 22 courtesy of:http://www.arch2o.com/platos-collection-amila-hrustic/

Picture 23 courtesy of: http://www.vogue.co.uk/fashion/autumn-winter-2012/couture/nicholas-oakwell

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Source: (Trontvet)

Bibliography

Trontvet, Leslie. "A Tutorial for a V-Neck Shirt." Web log post. Sewing Squared.

Blogspot, 13 Feb. 2009. Web. 12 Dec. 2013. <http://sewingsquared.blogspot.com/2009/02/tutorial-for-v-neck-shirt.html>.

Blanken, Rain. "How-to Pants." Web log post. DIY Fashion. About.com, n.d. Web.

12 Dec. 2013. <http://diyfashion.about.com/od/diypants/ss/How-to_Pants.htm>.

Beasley, Belinda. "Techniques for Sewing Sleeves." Web log post. Sew News: The

Trusted Sewing Source. SewNews, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2013. <http://www.sewnews.com/articles/Techniques_for_Sewing_Sleeves>.

"Circle Skirts Maths - Explained!" Web log post. By Hand London. By Hand

London, 6 Sept. 2012. Web. 14 Dec. 2013. <http://byhandlondon.com/2012/09/06/circle-skirt-maths-explained/>.

Source: Blanken

Source: ("Circle Skirts Maths - Explained!")

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