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Introduction to Shakespeare

Collaborative Project by Peirce Graduating Literature Students 2013
by

Sri Durga Sukumar

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of Introduction to Shakespeare

The Man, His Life and His Works An Introduction to Shakespeare Historical Context:
Queen Elizabeth Who is Queen Elizabeth?
Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. She ruled for 45 years. During this period, many discoveries were made by sailors around the world and England was very rich economically and culturally. The period of her rule was called the Elizabethan era. Shakespeare's Writing 1. Find out what the iambic pentameter is.

2.Why is the iambic pentameter important in reading Shakespeare's works?

3. Find some interesting or famous quotes from Romeo and Juliet. Commonly Used Terms in Shakespeare's Writing anon - right now
art - are or skill
dost / doth - does or do
ere - before
fain - gladly
fie - an exclamation of dismay or disgust
hark - listen
hence - away
hither - here
thither - there His Canonical Works Where was he born?
Born in 1654 to John Shakespeare and Mary Arden

Lived in a town called Stratford-upon-Avon in England

What was his education like?
Scholars have surmised that he most likely attended the King's New School, in Stratford, which taught reading, writing and the classics. Being a public official's child, William would have undoubtedly qualified for free tuition.

However, he dropped out of school at the age of 13 when his father lost his job

Married Anne Hathaway, in 1582, who was already several months pregnant

When did he start writing plays?
Moved to London at 1591 at the age of 27 where he embarked on writing his 37 plays and 154 sonnets hath - has
ho - hey
mark - pay attention to
marry - indeed
pray / prithee - a polite way of asking something
saucy - cheeky; sassy
sirrah - a term of address used for inferiors
thee - you
thou - you
thy - your
thence - away
whence - from where
wherefore - why Mel Tan, Justin, Jessica Macbeth
Romeo & Juliet
Hamlet
Henry V
Midsummer Night's Dream
Julius Caesar
Othello What were some famous plays written by Shakespeare? he uses it to produce the rhythm to convey the message of the text. Romeo and Juliet are two young people who fall into a forbidden love because of the enmity between their families. After going through many hardships, they realize that being together is the most important thing. In the end, they both decide that being dead together is better than being apart alive, and both die for each other. A line that has ten syllables in each line, but the alternate syllable is stressed. 3-line summary of the plot of Romeo and Juliet "Or if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love
And I'll no longer be a Capulet." "O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?" Rumours about his writing: Some believe that his plays were not written by him at all and that they were stolen from poorer playwrights who were not well-known. "Good night, good night. Parting is such sweet sorrow,
That I shall say good night till it be morrow." Top Ten Things You Might Not Know About Shakespeare's World

10. Shakespeare lived and worked in the Elizabethan era.
9. Playhouses were shut on more than one occasion due to rampant disease and plague.
8. Shakespeare is believed to be one of the translators for the Book of Songs in the King James Bible in published in 1611
7. The public used to enjoy watching public executions during this era and stuck blackened heads on poles to deter crime.
6. Public toilets were not invented yet at that time.
5. Favoured by King James and Queen Elizabeth, Shakespeare was made to include the character Falstaff in his play at the Queen's request.
4. Surrounding the Globe Theater were animal betting houses
3. Shakespeare had several extra-marital affairs.
2. Retired a wealthy and prominent man
1. All actors on stage during Shakespeare's time, including those playing female roles, were men. Divided into three categories: histories, comedies and tragedies
Histories: actual accounts of the English monarch or historical figures
Comedies: tend to have happy endings
Tragedies: Most well-known, everyone dies in the end His Life What changes did she make to England during her rule?
Elizabeth set out to rule by good counsel.
Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous above all for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe. How did her reign affect Shakespeare's life and writing?
Queen Elizabeth enjoyed the arts and had a direct effect on artists by supporting learning and supporting artists. Shakespeare was one of the biggest writers of his time because he had funding from Queen Elizabeth I. Shakespeare was invited to the palace to conduct courtly performances for the Queen. Canonical works are those works which are officially regarded to be the best of their genre. They set the standard for other works that follow them.
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