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Émile Durkheim

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Megan Dempsey

on 11 September 2013

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Transcript of Émile Durkheim

Émile Durkheim
Megan Dempsey and Camila Stolet.
Born: April 15, 1858
Death: November 15, 1917
In Epinal, France.
Long line of rabbi's in the family
Early education in rabbinical school
Gave up on Judaism soon after he arrived in Paris
Émile Durkheim
Often paired alongside Karl Marx and Max Weber as the principal architect of modern social science and father of sociology.
Skipped two years at Collège d'Epinal
Obtained his baccalauréats in Letters (1874) and Sciences (1875)
Decided to become a teacher, left Epinal intent on becoming admitted to the prestigious Ecole Normale Supérieure
Failed to be admitted in his first two attempts, (in 1877 and 1878), and was finally admitted near the end of 1879.
Main Sociological Ideals:
"every case of death resulting directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act performed by the victim himself, which he knows will produce this result"
"Suicide is a social fact and is due to social forces. Individuals are compelled to commit suicide whenever the condition of society departs from a state of balance. Society maintains balance by "integration” and "regulation". Integration refers to the extent to which individuals experience a sense of belonging to the group or collective and "regulation" refers to the extent to which the actions and desires of individuals are restrained by moral values."
Suicide manifests itself within society in four different forms:
Egoistic Suicide: occurs when an individual feels isolated from society.
Altruistic Suicide: occurs when an individual is so close to society, so involved that he or she becomes completely controlled, disregarding their own personality.
Anomic Suicide: occurs when there is a lack of regulation within society, or a sudden breakdown in social equilibrium. (ex. sudden business depression, inflation, bankruptcy...)
Fatalistic Suicide: occurs due to excess of social regulation.

Major Works:
Division of Labor (1893)
Suicide (1897)
The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life (1912)
The Rules of Sociological Method (1895)
How can we use and connect Émile Durkheim's advances in sociology still today, in our modern day society?
Main Goal: Establish sociology as a new academic discipline.
"Sociology is, then, not an auxiliary of any other science; it is itself a distinct and autonomous science."
—Émile Durkheim

Without Durkheim's attempts at establishing sociology as a science and discipline, it would most likely be merely paired alongside philosophy, as a minor concern. This is one of the biggest things that Émile left, after his death.

Durkheim's theories, explanations and principles have survived to this day, and even thrived. Many modern day sociologists base their theories upon Émile's works. For example, Robert Merton, who died in 2003, based his book "Theory of Anomie" upon Durkheim's principles on suicide.





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