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History of Theatrical Makeup
Transcript of History of Theatrical Makeup
The first makeup seen in theatre was on a Greek actor named Thespis.
During the medieval time, European theatre introduced face paint makeup for the first time.
The Early Greeks used to use mask to portray their many characters, and to add more expression and to enhance the drama in the play
Actors wore various masks allowing them to portray another gender or age.
So in Greek and Roman theatre, makeup was not necessary.
He wanted to stand out from other actors, so he used a mix of poisonous lead and wine to apply a white and red makeup to his face.
In Medieval Europe, actors altered their appearances by painting their faces a specific color. Performers who portrayed God painted their faces white or gold and the faces of angels were portrayed bright red.
Makeup in the 1500's-1600's
The growth of Theatrical makeup mostly started in the 1500-1600s
Makeup was very helpful at this time because the stages were usually lit by gas stoves and candles, and it helped bring out their faces.
At this time popular substances used for stage makeup included chalk/white powder, burnt cork, paper, and pigment powder.
The actors of Elizabethan England powdered their faces with chalk if they were playing murderers or ghosts.
Also during this time period, the Japanese Kabuki theatre emerged, and the performers wore elaborate face makeup
During the Renaissance, actors were creative and resourceful when making-over their faces. They used lamb wool for false beards and flour as face paint.
Makeup in the 1800's
Most of the colors they use are red, black, and white
Their makeup was highly colorful and stylish.The most stylish parts were their lips and eyebrows
The substances of makeup changes in the 1800’s. Although some stayed the same such as, white powder or chalk, burnt cork, paper, and pigment powder.
Shortly after these changes were made a new type of makeup was ready to make its mark, Greasepaint.
Greasepaint was created by a German actor.
It combined lard with pigment to develop a smoother and more versatile product.