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Best practices on how to use simple flash animations in combination with prezi Path and Frames - to achieve a strong narrative.

Sarah Rana

on 5 May 2011

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Transcript of Sikhism

•This religion was founded by Guru Nanak Dev Ji who was born in 1469 in a village called Talwandi now known as Nankana Sahib in Lahore

He belonged to a Hindu family and was the son of Mehta Kalu and Matta Tripata

He was offered a job in Sultanpur where he first realized or had a vision to explain to pass the message that God is One
The Five K's
fig. 1
•He preached a message of love
•He started his journey travelling to all parts of India and Southern Asia
•Shared his views in mosques, temples and at various pilgrimages with Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists and even Parsees
(even the most minimal movement can endow
an image with life)
Jaspreet Kaur
Sarah Rana
Meeting Religious Needs of Sikhs
How did it Begin?
Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s Messages
•Taught strict instructions on humanity and rejected idol worship and caste systems
•Emphasized the fact that there is no rich or poor, no high or low caste, no Hindu or Muslim
•Portrayed that there is only one divine superior
•Never forced anyone to be his follower
•Shared and taught that God is one and he designated God as the Sat Nam (true name) or Ekankar, combining the syllables ek (one), aum (mystical sound expressing God), kar (Lord)

•Guru Nanak dev ji passed his leadership and knowledge to the other gurus
What is Sikhism?
•Founded in the fifteenth century
•Sikhs are disciples of God who follow the teachings of the ten gurus
•Believe in faith, justice for Waheguru (god) and equality
•Belief of honest earnings
•Three goals- path of love or simran, and the path of seva, or service to mankind
Sikhism in the World
•Sikhism means: disciple or one who is learning the higher truths of life

•Most Sikhs have their own origins in the province of Punjab

•Punjab means land of 5 rivers
•Sikh people believe in teaching of the gurus, and live by the teaching/ beliefs of these gurus

•Sikhism has been a part of Canada since 1908

•Discrimination was apparent, but many factors changed in 1947.

* given the right to vote
*implementation of point system
•Sikhs that immigrated came/settled in urban areas like Edmonton,
Vancouver, Calgary but mostly in Ontario & B.C

Sikhism is the fifth largest religion in the world

This religion is quite new: has only been in existence for about 500 years

About 25 million Sikhs live around the world
Religious Beliefs
•Sikhs believe that there is ONE formless God
•The universe’s existence is based on God’s will
•God is known/understood by the Guru’s (prophet) teachings
•Gurus lead the way to truth (messengers from God)
•10 Gurus enshrined in the Sikh Holy Book (Sri Guru Granth Sahib)
•Physical body - perishable
•Soul - eternal
Attributes of God
There is only one God
His Name is Truth
He is the Creator
He is without fear
He is without hate
He is beyond time (i.e. is immortal)
He is beyond birth and death
He is self-existent
The goal of every Sikh is to build a close, loving relationship with God
The Sikh Worship
•Sikhs respect their prophets (show affection/ honor): are not allowed to elevate them to the status of God
•Recite/listen to holy hymns daily
•Guru Granth Sahib (holy book) is ceremoniously opened at 4 a.m. and ceremoniously closed at 10 p.m
•Over 200 Gurdwaras (temples, shrines or holy places) in India alone
•Most sacred is Harmandir Sahib, the Golden Temple, at Amritsar
•Repeated multiple times each day
•Can be either an individual prayer or a community prayer
•Morning Prayer
Japji Sahib - a long hymn of 38 stanzas
•Community Prayer
Sukhmani Sahib - takes about 1.5 hours to read or recite it
Sikh Rituals/Ceremonies Regarding Birth
•Sikh naming or christening ceremony takes place in a Gurdwara
•The family offers donations, Karah Parshad and a Rumala (covering for Guru Granth Sahib)
•Prayers offered asking for blessing of good health and long life
•Guru Granth Sahib is opened at random (first letter of the first word of the hymn- first letter of child)
God’s Name
•Sikhs practice their religion and beliefs through simran which is remembering the gods name at all times (Waheguru)
•Simran is known as the remembrance of god.
• In Sikhism it is said that one must pray 3 times a day reading different scriptures from the Guru Granth Sahib
•A Gutka is a smaller version of the scripture, containing daily prayers
•Through the repetition of Waheguru, one will become closer to god. This must be recited with love for God and without ego and greed.
Guru Arjan says:

To a man of praise Death loses all its terrors;
He feels all his hopes fulfilled;
His mind is cleaned of all impurities;
And is filled with the ambrosial Name.
God resides in the tongue of the good.
O that I were the slave of their slaves. (Sukhmani I.4)
Caste System
•Sikhs do not believe in caste system –they believe everyone is equal for God
Last Rights
•Cremation is the usual method for disposal of the deceased
•Funeral homes release the cremated remains of the deceased to the family
•Ashes of the deceased- buried in the earth, scattered over or immersed in flowing water
Funeral Services
•Sikh funeral services: meant to encourage detachment, promote acceptance
•Every Sikh funeral service consists of reciting the final prayer of the day, Kirtan Sohila, and the offering of Ardas.
Views Regarding Death
•Death is viewed as a separation of the soul from the body
•God's will (act of God)
•Sikhs believe the soul moves on to meet the supreme soul, God
•After someone dies, if the body is on a bed it should not be moved and no light should be placed next to it
After the cremation, guests return to the family home- hymns are sung

Everyone must bathe as soon as they go home to cleanse themselves

On the first anniversary of the person's death, family gathers and the Barsi prayer is completed
•Sikhs believe that the soul goes through cycles of births and deaths before it reaches the human form
•Purpose of our life: to be true to God by living an honest life
•An individual’s life cycle is dependent on their behavior (karma)
•An individual may improve their life socially and spiritually in order to complete their life cycle
•Samsara (the repetitive cycle of birth, life and death)
The Fifth guru, Guru Arjun Dev ji expands on this when he explained:
Since you have now acquired this human frame,
this is your opportunity to become one with God:
All other labours are of no use;
Seek the company of the holy and glorify God's name. (Rehiras 9)

•In other words, birth and death are a part of life in which the soul leaves the old body and enters into a new form of life with past memories, regrets, and even guilts.
Sikhs & Medical Procedures
•Prayers provide Sikhs with physical/spiritual strength and nourishment
•Sikh patients may request audiotapes of Keertans
•May tend to favor home remedies for ailments
•Patients may consider illness to be the will of God (merciful/benevolent)
•Sikh patients will be willing to accept treatment from males and females
Medical Treatment
•Almost all forms of medical treatment are permitted for Sikhs
•Medical treatment to treat illnesses is encouraged by the faith (ultimately enjoy and live their chosen life)
•Sikhs are not prohibited from seeking medical care
•*Cutting any hair is considered to be disrespectful, some patients resist shaving the hair on the body before an operation
•Blood transfusions are allowed
•Organ transplantation, both donating and receiving, is allowed
•*Giving and putting others before oneself (selfless giving, sacrifice)
•Post-Mortem allowed (no hair removal)
•To date, Sikhs are opposed to human cloning
•should respect the patient without questioning their doings, this may raise questions on their religious beliefs
•they can try learning their patients language/ research on their patients religion
•find health care professionals that talk or believe in the same language for more thorough communication
•health care professionals shouldn’t neglect their patients beliefs or rituals
Sikhism Thoughts on Abortion
•Sikh code of conduct does not deal directly with abortion
•Nonetheless, it’s forbidden in Sikhism because it is said to interfere with the creative work of God
•*Abortion is not uncommon in Sikh community in India because there is a cultural preferences of sons
•Human life is something that should be cherished
•High respect of life (God’s gift)
•Timing of birth/ death should be left in God’s hands
•Thus, assisted suicide questions God’s plans
Holistic Medicine
•Term used to describe therapies that attempt to treat the patient as a whole person
•Instead of treating an illness, holistic medicine look at an individual's overall physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional wellbeing before treatment
•Holistic medicine attempts to prevent illness by placing an emphasis on optimizing health
•These medications include: naturopathic medicine, homeopathy, and traditional Chinese medicine
•Sikh’s believe in home remedies and treatments, so this type of ‘medication’ is widely accepted
•*herbal medication

1. Baisakhi (Vaisakhi)
2. Diwali
3. Hola Mohalla
Gender Inequality/ Equality
•Guru Nanak: rejected inferior status of women
•Sikhism- unique in recognizing equality for all human beings
•The spiritual beliefs of Sikhism (revealed by Guru Nanak in 1469) proposes social change of women's roles in society
•Sikhism advocates active/ equal participation (academics, healthcare, military)
Male vs. Woman Dominance
•Ideal teachings of Guru’s are not practiced in reality (not much gender equality)
•In India- common for women to be treated badly and not be given the value and leadership roles that are deserved
•Women’s Roles: serving her husband and contributing to the household
•No equal partnership
•In the Sikh way of life, women have equal rights with men (not entirely followed however)
Nutritional Information
•Sikhs commonly do not eat beef
•Helpful to explain to patients whether dishes contain meats
•Do not eat meat prepared by rituals (sacrificing animal to please God/ killing the animal slowly to drain out the blood)
•Some Sikhs may wish to fast when there is a full moon, but this is by no means universal
•Vegetarian or non-vegetarian meals are individual preferences
•When man begins to see god within his inner self and in others, he will break free from illusions and worldly things
•If one begins to forget God’s existence/appreciate for his creation, they will begin to indulge themselves in worldly pleasures such as wealth, power and greed
•These actions are against gods beliefs, because they make the individual selfish
•If man continues on this path they will pay the price of misery and suffering
Illusion and Suffering
Attitude/Beliefs of Sikhs
•God is powerful, the creator, nothing exists or happens without his consent or knowledge
•“God is the Divine Father” who cares for His children, blesses them with love and happiness
• He is directly accessible to everybody and man's soul itself is a part of the Immortal One
Acceptance of Religions in the HealthCare
Provides respect and reduces prejudice
Shows understanding and care
Multiculturalism value
Promotes patient confidence and appreciation
These are clothing practices followed by stricter Sikhs, called Khalsa saints:
•Kesh- long hair, which is never cut (sometimes refers to turban used to cover the hair)
•Kanga (comb)
•Kachera (short pants)
•Kara (metal bracelet)
•Kirpan (a ceremonial dagger)
Sikh Festivals
Full transcript