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Chapter 1- Introduction to Health and Wellness

A brief insight to the different aspects of health and wellness

Sophie Qu

on 21 March 2012

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Transcript of Chapter 1- Introduction to Health and Wellness

Introduction to Health & Wellness Definition of Health: Health is the “capacity to lead a satisfying life, fulfill ambitions, and accommodate to change.” specific to person’s life – it’s personal
a dynamic, ever-changing process
holistic, not simply the absence of disease
related to the quality of one’s life
related to person’s ability to cope with the challenge of change Health is: Health is multidimensional: It is physical Social It's social These dimensions are interdependent, i.e., they interact and overlap with each other to produce health Health is mental specific to person’s life – it’s personal
a dynamic, ever-changing process
holistic, not simply the absence of disease
related to the quality of one’s life
related to person’s ability to cope with the challenge of change Health is:
specific to a person’s life – it’s personal
a dynamic, ever-changing process
holistic, not simply the absence of disease
related to the quality of one’s life
related to person’s ability to cope with the challenge of change As these dimensions interact they produce a unique health and wellness profile for each individual. Dimensions of Health Health & Wellness:
A Personal Journey Approaches to Health & Wellness Wellness: Your Personal Responsibility + Positive - Negative Family Influences on
Health and Wellness Achievement of Health & Wellness Not a single event, it is an ongoing process Making healthy choices (e.g., good nutrition) are important guidelines to consider vs Ultimately, it is up to each individual to choose what combination of healthy choices create a healthy balance for them Remember, do things in moderation. Too much or too little of anything is a potential problem
E.g., Too little exercise = poor cardiovascular health
Too much exercise = weakened immune system Health and it's emotional it's physical it's environmental it's spiritual Health and Wellness in Adolescence Health and wellness is related to person’s ability to cope with the many interactions and transitions that are occurring in his or her life. Transitions specific to adolescence include:
-Increase in autonomy and individuality
-Increase in responsibilities
-Increase in industry
-Intensification of relationships
-Changes in body structure Dimensions of health that focus on transition might fall under
three headings: Being Belonging Becoming Sport Books Publisher © What accomplishments am I striving for? To what groups do I connect with in a sense of belonging? Who am I? Who am I becoming as a person? The reactive or curative approach:
Worrying about your health only when sick. Not asserting control over your health in the absence of disease.
Chris’ approach: “If you’re sick, take a few pills; otherwise, have fun and enjoy yourself! I’ll quit smoking later.”
Example: Proactive approach
Adopting lifestyle habits that, in the long run, will enable you to lead a more healthy life.
Erin’s approach: “I am building for the future. What I do for my body today lays the foundation for a lifetime of involvement in healthy activities.”
Example: Wellness is:
-reflected in the way a person chooses to live his or her life
-making informed choices and taking responsibility for the way we live our lives
Sense of wellness is influenced by the following: Culture Peers ? Discussion Questions ?
1. What health problems do you predict Chris will face in the future?

2. What has guided Erin’s decisions to be smoke free, eat well, etc.?

3. What kinds of support from family, friends, and the community are needed to adopt a healthy lifestyle?

4. How does culture influence views on what it means to be healthy and to take care of your health?

5. What do you do if your friends have poor health habits?

6. Many people think healthy living means giving up a lot of things (giving up high calorie foods, giving up spare time for workouts, giving up smoking and drugs). What does living a healthy lifestyle enable you to do? Putting It All Together
Health is multidimensional.

One must make informed decision that relate to all the various dimensions of health.

Perspectives and decisions about health are influenced by family, peers, media, and the culture.

The journey toward health is lifelong. Education
-The advice your parents give you to stay healthy
-E.g., “Wear a coat outside or you’ll catch a cold”
-Family values can influence lifestyle choices
-E.g., Families that value physical activity introduce their children to sports at early age
-E.g., Emotional support during stressful life events
-E.g., Financial and mental support
to pursue sports that will enable optimal development Family positively influences your health, well-being, and general sense of satisfaction through: Family can also have negative influences on one’s health E.g., Families that push their children to compete for rewards outside of the physical, mental, social, and spiritual benefits of activity, can cause their children to withdraw prematurely from participating in physical activity
Example: Parent Sideline Rage
-Aggressive parents are poor role models for their children Media Influences
on Health and Wellness + Positive Media Messages - Negative Media Messages Media messages can be highly motivational: Unfortunately, media also has the power to encourage unhealthy choices: E.g., Commercialization of the ideal body image has distorted the interpretation of a healthy body E.g., Sports coverage in the media has created role models that can motivate children to pursue physical activity Ideal Female Body Image? Media has distorted the interpretation of what it means to be an accomplished performer. -Media coverage leads some to believe that the pinnacle of achievement comes from beating the competition, being the toughest, and gaining multi-million contracts.
-However, wellness is really about the journey toward personal improvement and aspiring to achieve your individual potential. It's Up To You! In conclusion, images of the sporting life can be motivational or cause unhealthy distortions of reality. Ultimately, it is up to each individual to judge these images in relation to his or her personal goals and values. Social/Peer Influences
on Health and Wellness Participation in sport comes with social benefits incurred in meeting new people As seen in Chris’ example, peer influences can be negative. Therefore, it is important to: -Choose friends wisely
-Resist negative peer pressure Cultural Influences on Health & Wellness Views about health are understood differently across cultures. North Americans tend to think about disease from a scientific point of view.
Western medicine deals largely with treatment of organs and systems, in isolation from the person’s mind and environment.
Increasingly, a more holistic approach is emerging.
-E.g., Recognition of the influence of personality on cardiovascular health
-E.g., Recognition of the influence of environment on obesity Health in North America Health in Eastern and Aboriginal Cultures In many non-western cultures, health has a strong spiritual quality. Therefore, disease is understood in terms of an individual’s spiritual harmony with oneself and/or his or her environment. E.g., Aboriginal culture and sweat lodge E.g., Oriental culture and chi Media Family
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