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Southern Gothic Fiction

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courtney daenen

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Southern Gothic Fiction

Southern Gothic Fiction
What is Southern Gothic Fiction?
What is unique about the South and Southern writing?
Sub Genre of Gothic Fiction
Run Down, Dilapidated Settings
and Grotesque Characters
*A sub-genre of Gothic Fiction
*A style of writing unique to the South
* Characterized by:
-rundown, dilapidated settings
-grotesque, freakish characters
-macabre subject matter
-uses disturbing situations to
dissect social issues and illuminate
the cultural climate of the south


"Gossip is at a premium in Savannah....People tell stories that are full and rich in their description. In New York, people would say, 'Before going out, Mrs. Jones put on her coat.' That would not do in Savannah. People would say, 'Before going out, Mrs. Jones put on her coat from her third husband who gave it to her before he committed suicide.'- John Berendt
Story telling
Goth- First a people
Then an architecture style
Then a genre of fiction-because so many gothic novels took place in gothic settings

Gothic Fiction
Gothic Fiction
Setting is key...Think abandoned abbeys and old castles with secret passages

Ghosts, murder, the supernatural, visions
haunted castles, etc.

Good old fashion horror
The Macabre
Suggesting the horror of
death and decay; gruesome

Deals with themes and
symbols of death and
violence
Examples of Gothic Fiction


Jane Eyre

Setting: Old Mansion
Ghosts: You think so at first, but it's just
Rochester's crazy wife he keeps locked in the attic
Macabre Subject matter: See above and there's also suicide, death, fog, fire, fortune tellers
Frankenstein
Castle: check
Supernatural: check
Monster: check
Themes of Good vs. Evil: check
Macabre subject matter: If creating a creature out of dead body parts is macabre then, check and check
Bram Stoker's Dracula
Castle: only the spookiest castle ever
Supernatural: Yes, only if you believe vampire's aren't real
Macabre: draining of blood is macabre, right?
The South has produced writers
as the dark ages produced
saints. - Alfred Kazin
"Let's sell everything and move south!
How we could write."
-Marjorie Rawlings
"In the South there are more amateur authors than there are rivers and streams, It's not an activity that aits upon talent...the woods are full of regional writers, and it is the great horror of every serious southern writer that he will become one of them." -Flannery O'Connor
Setting is important in Southern Gothic Fiction


Run down, dialect, decayed settings

Setting
Why are decayed settings so popular in Southern Gothic Fiction?
The decayed settings are a symbol of the South post civil war.

Why is this?


synonyms: malformed, deformed, misshapen, misproportioned, distorted, twisted, gnarled, mangled, mutilated
figures that may distort the natural into absurdity, ugliness, or caricature
One of the defining features of southern gothic is the cast of off-kilter characters, many of whom are "not right in the head." The genre is riddled with many broken bodies, and even more broken souls. When southern gothic authors examine the human condition, they see the potential to do harm. Morality is in question for many characters. A major theme for southern gothic writers hinges on innocence, and the innocent's place in the world—where they are often asked to act as redeemer. Faulkner's innocent is the mentally handicapped Benji from The Sound and the Fury; Carson McCullers the deaf-mute John Singer. But this is still a genre of love and loss. In the end, purity of heart rarely overpowers desperation. If society hangs in the balance of an idiot's mind or on the words of a deaf-mute, we are all in trouble.


Grotesque characters







Characters can be deformed:
-physically
-mentally
-spiritually
Full transcript