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Book Of The Dead

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by

Chelbie Samuel

on 22 April 2010

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Transcript of Book Of The Dead

Book Of The Dead The Chapter Of Not Letting The Body Perish Setting Time & Place: 18th Dynasty, 1350-1300 B.C. Papyrus Characters: Osirs- Lord of the underworld
Khepri- The god Ra in the form of the rising sun
Atum- Ra in the form of the setting sun
Shu- God of air Point of view: Osiris Nu & yes he is creible Theme: The theme for the book of the dead is living for eternity and not letting the body decay, and also wanting to be just like the king Osirs. The truth of this is that when you die u don't want to decay and have your finger shrivle and also wanting tolive for eternity. This piece of literature focuses on ancient Egyptains and what all they belived in and probley still do. The value of this can be seen as what happend in Egyptain time to present day. Background: The book of the dead is based opon the most important myth in Egyptain culture, The myth of Osiris. Osiris was a benevolent god who taught human beings agriculture and other arts of civilization. His younger brother set became jealous and killed him for the throne. Isis, the sister of Osiris, found her brother's body and brought it back to life. Osiris then became king of the underworld. Throught their history, the Egyptains based many burial practices on this myth. In the old kingdom, They belived that when a pharaoh died, he rose, like Osiris, from the dead. In fact, They believed that the king became Osiris himeself. To celebrate this event, the kings followers recited hymns and prayers based on the Osiris story and carved them permanently into the walls of the pyramids where the king was buried. Such "Pyramid texts" are the earliest works of Egyptain literature that have survived. By the time of the middle kingdom, the privilege of becoming Osiris had been extened to all the nobility. This trend was taken a step further in the new kingdom. They believed that a glorious afterlife as Osiris was available to anyone who had lived a good life and for whom the proper prayers where said. These prayers, based once again on the myth of Osiris, were written on papyrus scrolls and buried along with the dead. The Egyptains called these burial scrolls the Chapters of Comeing Forth by Day, a name that shows their positive expectations for the afterlife. 18th Dynasty Adoration Of The Disk Egyptain Cultue: These sections reflect three important features of ancient egyptain culture which are, Concerns about the afterlife, Worship of a sun god, and Delight in everyday life. As different as they are they are all interrelated. The egyptians believed that in the afterlife people would have the same interestes and experiance the same pleasures as in earthly life. They saw the sun god as the giver of life to all nature. Setting Time & Place: 1350 B.C. Egypt Point of view: King Akenaten & Yes he is credible Characters: Aten- The sun god
Akhenaten- A pharaoh Theme: The theme for Adoration of the Disk is the sun, or the sun god aten. Akhenaten writes about how the sun brings joy, peace, and how it creates life for all to breath. The truth or lesson is that the sun can change the way u feel and bring joy to everyone. The value is that the sun is wonderful and will be here forever. Background: The second example of ancient Egyptain literature was written by the pharaoh Akhenaten, Who ruled Egypt about 1353-1336 B.C. Akhenaten rejected the traditional worship of many gods and goddesses. Instead, he declared that the sun god aten was the only true god and built a new capital city in his honor. Akhenaten also wrote in Aten's honor the poem, Adorarion of the Disk (King Akhenaten and Princess Nefertiti.) Egypt , 1350 B.C. Author: The pharaoh Akhenaten who ruled Egypt about 1353-1336 B.C. He belived in the sun god , Aten, and built a new capital city in his honor. Summary: In the poem Adoration Of The Disk it talks about the sun god, Aten, and how he brings peace and joy to the new day. It also talks about how Aten, The sun god, brings life for when a new baby chick is born it has great splendor for the rising sun. New Kingdom Poetry:
Background: The ancient Egyptains were obviously fascinated with death and the afterlife. This fact has led to a populasr image of their culture as being as dried up and lifeless as one of their mummies. The truth is that the ancient Egyptains were people who knew how to enjnoy life immensley. This was especially true during the New Kingdom, a time of unparalleled prosperity and cultural enrickment- the result of political expansion and international commerce. The New Kingdom Produced a body of excellent lyric poetry that reflects the Egyptations' joy life. Like most poerty throughout the ages, many of these poems celebrate one of the great vital forces of hnuman life- Romantic love. Two examples of New Kingdom poerty is I'm Going Downstream On Kingswater Canal, and Whenever I Leave You, I Go Out Of Breath. Written By:
The pharaoh Akhenaten Translated By:
Joseph Kaster I'm Going Downstream On Kingwater Canal Translated by:
John L. Foster
Whenever I Leave You, I Go Out Of Breath Theme: The theme for Whenever I Leave You, I Go Out Of Breath is love and living and never wanting to leave the one you love. The truth is that love is something u can't find as eazy as you think and to never take it for granted. Theme: The theme for I'm Going Downstream On Kingswater Canal is marriage and love, and always wanting to look right for the one you love. The universal truth of this is that everyone in the world trys to be the best for the one they love. Setting Time & Place: Whenever I Leave You, I Go Out Of Breath
18th Dynasty, Thebes Setting Time & Place: I'm Going Downstream On Kingswater Canal
4th Dynasty
Summary: In the poem I'm Going Downstream on Kingswater Canal it talks about marriage and how a girl wants to be dressed fine as a princess for Ra, and how she will be fine as a bride waiting beside the person she loves. Summary: In the poem Whenever I Leave You, I Go Out Of Breath it talks about love and how a person longs form more so they can breath, It also talks about how when a person leaves they feel death and death must be as lonely as they feel, and how that person seems like a gift from god himself. 4th Dynasty 18th Dynasty Egypt The conficts and complications in Whenever I Leave You, I Go Out Of Breath are being alone and how the person feels death when the person they love is gone. The conflicts and complications in I'm Going Downstream on Kingswater Canal are how the girl wants to look as beautiful as she can for the one she loves and how she will wait for as long as she needs to beside the person she loves the most. Summary: In the Book Of The Dead it talks about how Osiris Nu, has come to heal Osiris and wants to know if he we heal him so that he can be complete just like his divine father khepri, who was never corrupted. he wants to grant him so thaat he may descend into the land of eternity. Just like thy father Atum, whose body did not see corruption and did not see himself decay. There are no conflicts and compliations in the poem Adoration of the Disk The conflicts and complications in the Book of the Dead are not wanting to decay and wanting to enter into the land of eternity. Book Report By: Chelbie Samuel THE END !!!!
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