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Ancient Greece and Rome's Influence on U.S. Government!
Transcript of Ancient Greece and Rome's Influence on U.S. Government!
800 BC- Majority of greek states were governed by rich landowners, called aristocrats. (Oligarchy)
The Roman Republic
The roman republic was the phase of ancient Roman civilization characterized by a republican form of government.
The Senate was the highest authority in the Roman Republic. The Senate passed decrees, which was officially "advice" from the Senate to a magistrate.
U.S. Government and How it was Influenced
The US government is a Democratic Republic, which come from the Greek democracy and the Roman Republic.
750 BC- Athenian power in the Archaic Period was controlled by Aeropagus, or council. Their policies were delivered through three magistrates called Archons.
500 BC- Democracy was introduced by an aristocrat, Cleisthenes.
Greeks didn't invent democracy, Athens did. They originally had kings, but by 5th century BC, it developed a system that required active, ongoing participation of the citizens. (Democracy)
It was governed by a complex constitution. The Constitution of the Roman Republic was an unwritten set of guidelines and principles passed down mainly through precedent.
Early in its history, the republic was controlled by an aristocracy of individuals who could trace their ancestry back to the early history of the kingdom. Over time, the laws that allowed these individuals to dominate the government were repealed, and the result was the emergence of a new aristocracy which depended on the structure of society, rather than the law, to maintain its dominance.
The requirements for becoming a senator included having at least 100,000 denarii worth of land, being born of the patrician (noble aristocrats) class, and having held public office at least once before. New Senators had to be approved by the sitting members.
An example of something America took from the Greek Democracy is that when the voting rights started out in America, originally only the wealthy land owners were allowed to vote and call themselves citizens, but soon all men were allowed to have a vote and a voice in their city-state's politics.
In the Greek city-state they employed the use of an Assembly where all citizens could freely participate in the political proceedings of the city-state. Eventually all members of the Greek Assembly were elected to their positions by the citizens that they represented and were paid for their work in the public office, the same way that we elect public officials today.
We took having the 3 branches of government from the Greek Democracy. These 3 branches are the Legislative branch which passes laws, the Executive branch which carries out laws, and the Judicial branch which conducts trials with paid jurors. Our government also requires political power exercised by the citizens which came from the Greek Democracy.
The Roman Republic had something called the Twelve tables which is basically a list of rules that was the basis of the Roman legal system, and we now have the Constitution which is the same thing. Another thing we took from the Romans are that both our senate and theirs has a Senate who both deal with foreign policies.