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BDSM

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Kate B Shaw

on 14 April 2014

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Transcript of BDSM

A History of BDSM
Important Terms and a proposition
Why does this project matter?
Working definitions of BDSM
A proposition
Write down or take a moment to think about what you think about people that practice BDSM.
The Turn of the Century
1880-1950
Krafft-Ebbing
Other Early Perspectives
Freud
Origins
Early Psychologists
The DSM
Current
Early BDSM Practice
Etiology of the Label
Reactions to Kraft Ebbing
Found in the British Medical Journal
1902 Review of Psychopathia Sexualis
Highlights
At best pseudo-science
Critique of elitism in only having the book accessible to medical and legal professionals
DSM-II
DSM-III
DSM-IV
Analysis and Questions
Overall it seems that many of the historical definitions of sadism and masochisms have changed over the years
Practitioners subjective experience
Psychologists' classifications
Impact of stigma
Questions:
What are some stereotypes that exist for folks that practice BDSM?
What do you think would be important for therapists to consider when working with a BDSM client?
References
erotica. (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com.proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu/EBchecked/topic/874081/erotica
Gross, B. (2006). The pleasures of pain. The Forensic Examiner, 57-61.
The Golden Ass. (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com.proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu/EBchecked/topic/237490/The-Golden-Ass
Justine. (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com.proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu/EBchecked/topic/308832/Justine
masochism. (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com.proxy.foley.gonzaga.edu/EBchecked/topic/368009/masochism
Present lens
Interpretations
Kama-Sutra (Erotica, 2014)
"While the woman is engaged in congress the space between the breasts should be struck with the back of the hand, slowly at first, and then proportionately to the increasing excitement, until the end." (Vatsyana, 2012, p. 858)
Greek literature (The Golden Ass, 2014; Latiener, 2001)
Historical Sadists (Block & Adriens, 2013; Havgraves, 1957)
(Gross, 2006; Hargraves, 1957)
"Cuffs, slaps, beatings, whippings, hard language, amusements, she has got to endure all of it; she must remain standing all night long in her patron'. c bedroom, at any instant ready to offer herself to the passions which may stir that tyrant; but the cruelest, the most ignominious aspect of this servitude is the terrible obligation she is under to provide her mouth or her breast for the relief of the one and the other of the monster's needs: he never uses any other vase: she has got to be the willing recipient of everything and the least hesitation or recalcitrance is straightway punished by the most savage reprisals." (de Sade, 2013 p. 2058)
Excerpt from Justine
"You mean you are now my slave without illusions, and for that reason you shall feel the weight of my foot without mercy." "Madame!" "Don't you know me yet? Yes, I am cruel—since you take so much delight in that word-and am I not entitled to be so? Man is the one who desires, woman the one who is desired. This is woman's entire but decisive advantage. Through his passion nature has given man into woman's hands, and the woman who does not know how to make him her subject, her slave , her toy, and how to betray him with a smile in the end is not wise." (Sacher-Masoch, 2012 p. 94-95)


Excerpt from Venus in Furs
Marquis de Sade
Leopold von Sacher Masoch
(Masochism, 2014; Sacher-Masoch, 2012; Wienberg, 2006)
(Hargraven, 1957; Justine, 2014; Weinberg, 2006)
Noted for undertaking a mass descriptions of sexual pathology in writing Psychopathia Sexualis
Only for medical professionals
Descriptions and understanding of Sadism, and Masochism were developed from Sacher-Masoch and de Sade
Sadism
Lust and Cruelty
Masochism
Gender and physiology
Block & Adriaens, 2013; Krafft-Ebing, 1892; Langridge & Butt, 2005 )
(Sexual Pathology and Psychology, 1902)
Scott (1986)
Gender
Women as submissive objects
Men as somatic
Emotional dysregulation
Sadism: Anger
Masochism: Fear
Hall (1899)
dysfunction in secretions (i.e. liver)
“He is intellectually interested in its development, and the states of the female come to be, reflectively, the symbol and outward record or expression of his passion. To see and feel these secondary signs of emotion, to the more intellectual at least, are often of the greatest importance, and may even become, abnormally, so dissociated as to afford the whole means of gratification, instances of which we see masochism in men.” (Scott, 1896, p. 208)
Influenced from Krafft-Ebing
Pre-1915
only abnormal if acted on
Post-1915
Fixation on pain to avoid trauma
Manifestation of castration anxiety
Eros and Thantos
(Block & Adriaens, 2013; Sternberg, 2006)
Homosexuality was removed from the DSM
based on clinically significant distress
  Criteria (Sadism)
Over a period of at least six months, recurrent intense sexual urges and sexually arousing fantasies involving acts (real, not simulated) in which the psychological or physical suffering (including humiliation) of the victim is sexually exciting to the person.
The person has acted on these urges, or is markedly distressed by them.
Sexual deviations as bizarre expressions of sexuality
covers both sadism and masochism
Criteria (masochism)
Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving the act (real, not simulated) of being humiliated, beaten, bound, or otherwise made to suffer
The fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning
Culture within a subculture
Langridge and Butt (2005)
impact of contraceptive use
Subcultural groups
Gay leathermen, heterosexual
Lesbians and Feminism
BDSM clubs at Ivy Leagues
Moving from an individual perspective to a communal one (Weinberg, 2006)
Safe Sane and Consensual
Emphasis
Consensual, Sane, Safe, and Voluntary (Newmarh, 2010)
Protection within the community
National Coalition for Sexual Freedom
Advocacy and education
Reducing Stigma
Stigma
Stiles and Clark (2011)
Image Management
Secrecy to manage vulnerability
Bezreh, Weinberg, and Edgar (2012)
Shame and anxiety in the abscence of reassuring information
Langridge and Butt (2005)
"The move away from S&M represents a move away from an exclusive inward looking community towards an inclusive and outlooking community." (p. 71)
Revisitng the DSM criteria
Full transcript