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The Modes of Writing - Identifying Excerpts

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Jennifer Barreiros

on 22 February 2013

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Transcript of The Modes of Writing - Identifying Excerpts

The Modes of Writing Identifying Excerpts The Informative Mode The Persuasive Mode Persuasive Example Persuasive Example Persuasive Example Informative Example Informative Example Informative Example Informative Example Narrative Example Narrative Example Narrative Example The Narrative Mode Once upon a time, a very long time ago now, about last Friday, Winnie-the-Pooh lived in a forest all by himself under the name of Sanders. One day when he was out walking, he came to an open place in the middle of the forest, and in the middle of this place was a large oak-tree, and, from the top of the tree, there came a loud buzzing noise. Winnie-the-Pooh sat down at the foot of the tree, put his head between his paws and began to think. (Winnie-the-Pooh by A. A. Milne 2-3) Fiver seemed to grow even smaller as he flattened himself on the hard earth. “I’m a fool to try to argue,” he said miserably. “Hazel—dear old Hazel—it’s simply that I know there’s something unnatural and evil twisted all round this place. I don’t know what it is, so no wonder I can’t talk about it. I keep getting near it, though.... I tell you I’ll have nothing to do with the place...” (Watership Down by Richard Adams 79) I swat and slap at this annoying creature. I’ll get it; I know I will. I’ll knock it down in midair and put it out of its misery. That itsy-bitsy pest can’t survive my powerful swipes. So I swing to the left, to the right, above my head, over my stomach, everywhere. I don’t miss an inch of the darkness. Nothing could survive this extreme attack of mine! I probably look like a crazed wind turbine. There, I’m certain now it has to be dead. I had to hit it, with my arms flying everywhere swatting and swiping. It is probably knocked dead, somewhere on the floor . . . I’ll just clean it up in the morning. (Mosquito Madness) In the book The Best Little Girl in the World, Kessa has a serious eating disorder called anorexia nervosa. But she is not alone. Many people have this eating disorder, and this book shows its harmful effects. This is an emotional and invigorating story of a determined girl and her fight to survive. (The Best Little Girl in the World) This fear does not persist, however. As the daughters mature, the two generations discover that they aren’t so different after all. One mother says, “She puts her face next to mine, side by side, and we look at each other in the mirror . . . these two faces, I think, so much the same! The same happiness, the same sadness, the same good fortune, the same faults” (p. 292). One daughter, after her mother’s death, sits down to play the piano that she had refused to touch before to defy her mother. Amy Tan uses the metaphor of two piano pieces to compare the mother to this daughter: “The piece I had played for the recital . . . was on the left-hand side of the page . . . and for the first time . . . I noticed the piece on the right-hand side . . . It had a lighter melody but the same flowing rhythm [as the recital piece and] . . . was longer but faster. And after I played them both . . . I realized they were two halves of the same song” (p. 155). (My Interpretation of The Joy Luck Club) Finding solutions to this problem is difficult. In our school’s math classes, each student has different problems on their test papers, so it is useless to look at someone else’s answers. Teachers could also randomly mix the problems throughout the page. Another solution is for adults to lower their expectations. Chances are that students believe cheating is the only way to meet unreasonably high expectations. Perhaps it is time for parents and teachers to seriously examine whether higher test results are important enough to encourage cheating. (Cheating in America) Caffeine is pervasive in our society these days and every few months we hear about how a study has shown that it is bad for us or good for us. What are we to believe?Today I'd like to give you some of the facts about caffeine and its effects on your body. It may not cause you to change your coffee consumption but at least you'll be better informed about what you are putting into your body. (The Truth about Caffeine) The first reason to avoid comparing yourself with others is that there will be always someone better than you. It doesn’t mater in which aspect, but it is always true. Therefore, you could feel inferior to others and maybe without a real reason. For example, you can be an incredible architect and the best of your generation, and this can make you feel incredibly good, but if someday someone is better than you are, you could feel sad although you are still the same incredible architect that you were before. (Why we should not Compare Ourselves with Others) The North America Free Treaty Agreement (NAFTA) is the antecedent we know. The treaty signed with Canada, the United States, and Mexico was created in order to increase the commercial relationships among these three countries. Certainly; it is done. Although some persons belive that the results of NAFTA are mostly negative, we must consider the results. Currently, Mexico is the second commercial partner of the United States just behind Canada and occupies the first place in Latin America referring to exports. Last year Mexico exported merchandise for more than 150 million dollars to countries throughout the world. (Why Mexico Should Sign a Trade Treaty with the European Union) Finally, the third and the most important feature that reading offers you is that it does not matter the age that you have, you always could expand your vocabulary and the ways to express your ideas to the others in a simple and correct form. By the time you can improve the kind of books that you read, there are a lot of categories, so you will never stop learning from the pleasure of reading. People who know how to choose a book generally have the capability of choosing a formal book in which they can find formal grammatical structures and obviously a formal vocabulary. All these things allow them to gain greater fluency in their communication. (Why People Should Read for Pleasure) Narrative Example The missionary ladies of the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church helped Momma prepare the pork for sausage. They squeezed their fat arms elbow deep in the ground meat, mixed it with gray nose-opening sage, pepper, and salt, and made tasty little samples for all obedient children who brought wood for the slick black stove. (I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou 19) Narrative Example Twilight settled over Zuckerman’s barn, and a feeling of peace. Swallows passed on silent wings, in and out of the doorways, bringing food to their young ones. From across the road a bird sang, “Whippoorwill, whippoorwill!” (Charlotte’s Web by E. B. White 62) Narrative Example Harry had never imagined such a strange and splendid place. It was lit by thousands and thousands of candles that were floating in midair over four long tables where the rest of the students were sitting. These tables were laid with glittering golden plates and goblets. At the top of the hall was another long table where the teachers were sitting... (Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone by J. K. Rowling 116) Persuasive Example You have to realize that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and you cannot skip it without consequences for your health, your school and your defense mechanism. It is better to wake up earlier and have a good breakfast that run to school without eating anything. It is time for you to do something for your health, and eating breakfast is the better way to start your day. (Why Students Should Eat Breakfast Every Day) Persuasive Example It is evident that year-round schooling is not the best option for the school calendar. There is absolutely nothing wrong with the traditional school year. Why change something that works so well? The final bell rings. Let’s make sure this bell means that the “real” summer vacation has come. (Summer: 15 Days or 2 ½ Months?) Persuasive Sample We would like to request McDonalds’ assistance in giving the chance to the students of The Good Will Committee. Your funding of thirty free value meals will be valued very much. (Sample Fundraising Letter) Narrative Example I had this feeling in the pit of my stomach. I knew something was going to happen. I do not know why I sent my child outside. But as soon as he left, I heard horses. It sounded as if they had hit something. I ran out of the house as quickly as possible, but I was too late. My child was on the road, bleeding from the head. I ran to my child’s side. I tried to revive him. I called out his name, but I knew that he could not hear me. He was gone. I screamed that he was dead, that he had been killed. (Diary of Gaspard) What should be done with a herd of marauding elephants? This was the problem recently confronting officials at Pilanesberg National Park in South Africa. A number of orphaned male elephants had been transported to the park in order to provide them with a safe and nurturing environment. However, this step to protect the elephant population soon threatened another endangered species. The young elephants had entered musth, like puberty, a state of heightened hormonal activity and increased aggression. The elephants went on a killing spree, slaying almost 40 rhinoceros—including incredibly rare black rhinos. The park officials did not want to kill the young elephants, but they could not afford to have any more rhinos slaughtered. (Save the Elephants) Informative Example Informative Example The most popular tourist attraction is the capital city Rome itself, with its rich cultural heritage. The Colosseum, Castle Sant'Angelo, Fontana di Trevi, the Pantheon, and the Vatican are some of the most visited sites in Rome. Venice is another city in Italy that is famous for its beautiful canals and gondolas. And if you are a lover of Italian art, the Uffizi Gallery in Florence is something you cannot afford to miss while visiting Italy. The city of Naples is known around the world for its architectural beauty and surely it is a photographers delight. The Leaning Tower of Pisa, being on of the seven wonders of the world, attracts the highest visitor, not only in Italy, but in the whole of Europe.
(Tourist Attractions in Italy)
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