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The Golden age of Sail

This is my actual ISP
by

Siyuan Pan

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of The Golden age of Sail

The
Golden

AGE of SAIL

Part 1...
INTRODUCTION
The first large human migration occurred 800, 000 years ago, from Africa to Indonesia
Archeologists discovered it's an impossible journey without crossing at 100km distances of sea
Logical explanation was they took large bamboo from forests and built rafts
However, first evidence of boat use was 10,000 years ago, during the last Ice Age
1350: Bow got taller, castles added on bow and stern, rudder at the back, one square sail (Slower yet bigger, used for coastal trading)
Northern ships have overlapping boards, Southern ones are lined edge-to-edge

Viking Ships:
Long, Slender, Single Sail, Capable of long voyages, yet incapable of carrying much
This was the
"modern"
sailing ship.
Northern ships eventually gained a lanteen sail, and a fore and aft castle

Columbus' ship added a foremast and a topsail, increasing speed and maneuverability.
NO ONE KNOWS WHO DISCOVERED THE SAIL.
Square-rigging has been around for over 1000 years
Covers all sides of the sail and makes wind only blow in a certain direction
However, wind doesn't always follow your orders
WE COULD FINALLY
...GO...PLACES.
Allowed and expanded trade routes
Introduction to many new materials

Expanded on knowledge, opened our curiosity
Started something on the other half of the world

Britain and France weren't too happy with sharing their new discoveries
With the ongoing conquest to gain more land, rivalry and various fights broke out
Sailing was essential:
For traveling, for imports and exports etc.
And for the purposes of...
BATTLE
One of the main transitions to sail was the addition of Cannons
In the olden days, vessels would line up one behind the other, the two sides parallel to each other
Then they would fire
Coordination was let down by the fact that there was no place to move forward
BREAKING THE LINE
RAKING FIRE
CROSSING THE T
DOUBLING
BATTLE TACTICS UTILIZED
Nelson's HMS Victory
Ships that are sent to Battle are known as Ships of the Line
The bigger the ship, the slower it got, the stronger impact it could make.
IN THE MIDST OF TRADE AND VENTURES, SHIPS OPENED US UP TO A WHOLE NEW WORLD OUT THERE.

WE WERE FINALLY ABLE TO GO PLACES FROM ROUTES WE NEVER THOUGHT WE COULD BEFORE, FOR BETTER REASONS..

BUT EUROPE THOUGHT OTHERWISE.
First rate SOTL:
100 - 120 guns, 3 decks, 4 - 5 knot speed, 850 - 1200 per crew, carries up to 2500 - 4500 tons, 6000 trees needed, flagships of the crew
Second rate SOTL:
90 - 98 guns, 3 decks, 6 - 7 knot speed, 700 - 850 per crew, carries up to 2500 - 3500 tons, 4000 trees needed, right behind first-rates
Third rate SOTL:
64 - 84 guns, 2 decks, 7 - 8 knot speed, 500 - 700 per crew, carries up to 1500 - 2200 tons, 3000 trees needed, fight alongside first and second, because faster, can be used to start the battle for the first and seconds
Fourth rate SOTL:
44 - 60 guns, 2 decks, 8 - 9 knot speed, 350 - 450 per crew, carries up to 900 - 1200 tons, 2400 trees needed, transporting and escorting soldiers and supplies, and used for missions in shallow water where the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd cannot go

Fifth rate SOTL (Frigate):
32 - 44 guns, 1 deck, 12 - 14 knots, 200 - 350 per crew, carries up to 750 - 900 tons, 1600 trees needed, same purpose as Fourth rate, however, also used to block off piracy
Frigates were a type of ship mainly used for transport and escorting

Sixth rate SOTL (Corvette):
20 - 30 guns, 1 deck, 12 - 14 knots, 150 - 200 men, carries up to 500 - 700 tons, 1200 trees needed, mainly used for scouting around and importing/exporting goods
Full transcript