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Punishment in Greek Mythology

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Sarah Scroggs

on 18 December 2012

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Transcript of Punishment in Greek Mythology

Punishment in Greek Mythology Prometheus was a Titan. His name means "forethought". He was the wisest of the Titans. He was sometimes known as the savior of mankind. Zeus had his servants, Force and Violence, take Prometheus and chain him to a rock. This was punishment for stealing the gods' fire and tricking him so that mankind got to keep the best parts of the animals and the gods got the worst parts as offerings. Prometheus tricked Zeus into choosing the bad parts of the animals to be sacrificed to the gods. He took an ox and put the best parts in the hide and covered it all in entrails. Then, he took the bones and wrapped them in shining fat. Prometheus made Zeus choose between the two piles. Zeus chose the fat and upon seeing the bones, realized he had been tricked. He had to abide by his choice though. After that, men got to keep the good meat for themselves. Only the fat and bones were given as sacrifices. Prometheus realized that people were dying because they had no way to cook food or warm themselves. To solve this, Prometheus asked Zeus to give mankind fire. Unfortunately, Zeus refused. So instead, Prometheus stole fire from the gods. He then gave it to mankind. All the people were grateful. Zeus, however, was angry. Every day, an eagle would come and eat his liver. At night, the eagle would leave and being immortal, Prometheus' liver would grow back. In the morning, the eagle would come back and the process would repeat. Zeus' reason for this torture was not only to punish Prometheus but to force him to tell Zeus an important secret. Zeus knew that someday a son born to him would come and dethrone him. Only Prometheus knew who the mother was. However, Prometheus refused to tell Zeus. The Myth of Prometheus Zeus Zeus was the god of the sky and weather and the supreme god of the Olympians. His power was greater than all of the other gods and goddesses combined. However, he could be opposed and deceived. Among his symbols were the eagle and thunderbolt (lightning). Prometheus Tantalus was the son of Zeus and the king of Sipylus. He thought that he could fool the gods. Tantalus For his crimes, Zeus killed Tantalus himself. Then, Zeus condemned Tantalus to eternal torment in Tartarus. The torture continued on. A long time later, Hercules freed Prometheus. Prometheus never told Zeus the secret though. As punishment, Tantalus had to suffer eternal thirst and hunger. Tantalus stood in a waist-deep pool of water with a fruit tree dangling branches of ripe fruit over his head. Whenever he bent down to drink the water, it would magically drain away. Whenever he tried to pick the fruit, the branches would lift up out of his reach. Tantalus was well-liked among the gods. He was invited to share their food and drink. In return, Tantalus invited the gods to a banquet. He had his son, Pelops, killed, boiled, and served to the gods. Because of his measureless self-confidence and scorn of the gods, he never thought that his guests would figure out what food he had given to them. However, the gods figured out the trick, revived Pelops, and punished Tantalus. The Myth of Tantalus Tricking Zeus Punishment Punishment is a common theme in Greek mythology. Many heroes, mortals, and other mythical figures anger the gods in some way. They end up suffering from it. Prometheus was a Titan. His name meant "forethought". He was the wisest of the Titans. Prometheus created mankind. He was sometimes known as the savior of mankind. Tantalus was the son of Zeus and the king of Sipylos. He thought that he could fool the gods. By Sarah Scroggs
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