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The Hammurabi code

by Nicholas Sharpe

Nick Sharpe

on 15 October 2012

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Transcript of The Hammurabi code

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli By Nicholas Sharpe Hammurabi codes or laws 13 laws of Hammurabi. There really is 282 but if I did all of that I would die before I finish this project so 13 will do. If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of grain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces. The fourth code If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death. The sixth law If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death. The third law. The second code. The fifth law In modern day laws this would be wrong and illegal. The first code is: If any one ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser. In our days this would be called drowning someone. If a judge try a case, reach a decision, and present his judgment in writing; if later error shall appear in his decision, and it be through his own fault, then he shall pay twelve times the fine set by him in the case, and he shall be publicly removed from the judge's bench, and never again shall he sit there to render judgement. The seventh law if anyone buy from the son or the slave of another man, without witnesses or a contract, silver or gold, a male or female slave, an ox or a sheep, an ass or anything, or if he take it in charge, he is considered a thief and shall be put to death. The eighth law If any one steal cattle or sheep, or an ass, or a pig or a goat, if it belong to a god or to the court, the thief shall pay thirty fold therefor; if they belonged to a freed man of the king he shall pay tenfold; if the thief has nothing with which to pay he shall be put to death. The ninth law If any one lose an article, and find it in the possession of another: if the person in whose possession the thing is found say "A merchant sold it to me, I paid for it before witnesses," and if the owner of the thing say, "I will bring witnesses who know my property," then shall the purchaser bring the merchant who sold it to him, and the witnesses before whom he bought it, and the owner shall bring witnesses who can identify his property. The judge shall examine their testimony -- both of the witnesses before whom the price was paid, and of the witnesses who identify the lost article on oath. The merchant is then proved to be a thief and shall be put to death. The owner of the lost article receives his property, and he who bought it receives the money he paid from the estate of the merchant. The tenth law If the purchaser does not bring the merchant and the witnesses before whom he bought the article, but its owner bring witnesses who identify it, then the buyer is the thief and shall be put to death, and the owner receives the lost article. What are the deference of laws of our time? Lets compare 5 commandments to the Hammurabi codes. Eleventh law If the owner do not bring witnesses to identify the lost article, he is an evil-doer, he has traduced, and shall be put to death. The twelfth law If the witnesses be not at hand, then shall the judge set a limit, at the expiration of six months. If his witnesses have not appeared within the six months, he is an evil-doer, and shall bear the fine of the pending case. [editor's note: there is no 13th law in the code, 13 being considered and unlucky and evil number] zoom zooming zoom zoom done zooming In the 9th commandment it says: you shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. Well if we go back to Hammurabi code 2... It says if one accuses someone they will be thrown into a river if they survive they get the other persons wealth. That has a similarity to this commandment because it says to not accuse your neighbors. The 8th commandment states : you shall not steal. If we go back to the 8th code of Hammurabi... It states that if you steal anything from someone and if you do not have money to pay it back then you will be sentenced to death. This relates to the 8th commandment sence it states you should not steal. the 7th commandment states that: you shall not commit adultery. Well if we go back to code 129... The 129th code If a man's wife be surprised (in flagrante delicto) with another man, both shall be tied and thrown into the water, but the husband may pardon his wife and the king his slaves. Well it states that you should not commit adultery in both codes and commandments and that its wrong and you will be punished. That's how they relate. I know its weird to jump that far ahead but I have to do what I have to do. Finally we have the 5th commandment that states to : honor thy father and thy mother. Well lets go back to code 195th law The 195th law If a son strike his father, his hands shall be hewn off. Finally we have the last commandment: honor your mother and you father. Well if we go back to law 195... Its states the you need to honor your father and parents or there will be consequences. Thats how they relate. Finally we have the comparison with our day time laws and the Hammurabi laws. Well 1 of our modern day laws is not to steal. If we go back to code 8... It explains about stealing and what the punishments are. The punishments can vary from paying the fine to death. In our present laws stealing is punishable by fines or serving time in prison. So there is a little difference in it. In today's society you could not be sentenced to death unless it was an armed robbery and you happened to kill them.
Our second comparison is property and ownership laws. If we go back to law Our next comparison is property and ownership laws. If we go back to this code... It states that if you don't bring witnesses to testify that you own the property you are considered a thief and will be put to death. In present day we are protected by property and ownership laws. People are given deeds and/or receipts for there belongings/property for proof of purchase. If you can not show that you are the owner you simply do not get the property/item. This protects us from people taking our valuables. Our third comparison is the laws of adultery. In both the Hammurabi and Jewish law based on the Ten Commandments, adultery was punishable by death. It is no longer legal to kill someone in our country for adultery, but it is legal grounds for divorce. The fourth comparison describes laws for appealing cases, overturning sentences, or mistrials such as it relates to this code. A person convicted of a crime has the right to appeal the sentence and have the initial ruling overturned. If evidence proves the defendant innocent then he is cleared of all charges but there is no punishment for the judge, unlike the Hammurabi code states. Our last comparison covers laws of slander as this code shows... Currently, it is still illegal to slander or falsely accuse someone of a crime. It is no longer punishable by death in our country, but one could be fined and/or serve time in jail. Credits... Oh yes i am so happy that I'm done
I am so happy yes i am! Thank you Miss burrow for letting us use prezi because if you didn't we would all be dead. Thank you Prezi . The End
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