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Stages of Psychosocial Development

Erik Erickson
by

Tyler Jewell

on 10 March 2011

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Transcript of Stages of Psychosocial Development

Stages of Psychosocial Development By: Skyler, Ali, & Tyler Erik Erikson


•Because an infant is utterly dependent, the development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child’s caregivers.



•Because an infant is utterly dependent, the development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child’s caregivers.

•The first stage of Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development occurs between birth and one year of age and is the most fundamental stage in life.2

Trust v. Mistrust 1. Infancy: Birth to 18 Months

2. Early Childhood: 18 Months to 3 Years

A sense of trust is developed in this stage if an infant's needs of dependency are met. Ego Development During this stage we learn to master skills for ourselves. Not only do we learn to walk, talk and feed ourselves, we are learning finer motor development as well as the much appreciated toilet training. Here we have the opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as we gain more control over our bodies and acquire new skills, learning right from wrong. the terrible twos is our ability to use the powerful word "NO!" It may be pain for parents, but it develops important skills of the will.

Integrity vs. Despair 3. Play Age: 3 to 5 Years

This stage occurs in late adulthood (late 60s and up.

The older adult may feel a sense of satisfaction or failure. Initiative vs. Guilt

During this period we experience a desire to copy the adults around us and take initiative in creating play situations. We make up stories with Barbie's and Ken's, toy phones and miniature cars, playing out roles in a trial universe, experimenting with the blueprint for what we believe it means to be an adult. We begin toi use the word WHY? Intimacy vs. Isolation This stage occurs in young adulthood (20s to early 40s.

In this stage, young adults will struggle to form close relationships. 6. Young adulthood: 18 to 35

7. Middle Adulthood: 35 to 55 or 65

Generativity vs. Self absorption or Stagnation Now work is most crucial. Erikson observed that middle-age is when we tend to be occupied with creative and meaningful work and with issues surrounding our family. Also, middle adulthood is when we can expect to "be in charge," the role we've longer envied.

8. Late Adulthood: 55 or 65 to Death

Identity vs. Role Confusion This stage occurs throughout the teen years and into the twenties.

Teenagers will begin to test roles for themselves to learn their identity. 4. School Age: 6 to 12 Years

Industry vs. Inferiority

4. School Age: 6 to 12 Years

Ego Development Outcome: Industry vs. Inferiority

During this stage, often called the Latency, we are capable of learning, creating and accomplishing numerous new skills and knowledge, thus developing a sense of industry. This is also a very social stage of development and if we experience unresolved feelings of inadequacy and inferiority among our peers, we can have serious problems in terms of competence and self-esteem.

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