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International Phonetic Alphabet.

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Claudia Vargas

on 3 July 2014

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Transcript of International Phonetic Alphabet.

The International Phonetic Alphabet is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardized representation of the sounds of oral language. The IPA is used by lexicographers, foreign language students and teachers, linguists, speech-language pathologists, singers, actors, constructed language creators, and translators.

The IPA is designed to represent only those qualities of speech that are part of oral language: phones, phonemes, intonation, and the separation of words and syllables.

IPA symbols are composed of one or more elements of two basic types, letters and diacritics. For example, the sound of the English letter 〈t〉 may be transcribed in IPA with a single letter, [t], or with a letter plus diacritics, [t̺
h
], depending on how precise one wishes to be. Often, slashes are used to signal broad or phonemic transcription; thus, /t/ is less specific than, and could refer to, either [t̺
ʰ
] or [t] depending on the context and language.
About I. P. A.
The origin & Changes of the Phonetic Symbols.
The letters chosen for the IPA are meant to harmonize with the Latin alphabet. For this reason, most letters are either Latin or Greek, or modifications thereof. Some letters are neither: for example, the letter denoting the glottal stop, has the form of a dotless question mark, and derives originally from an apostrophe.
Despite its preference for harmonizing with the Latin script, the International Phonetic Association has occasionally admitted other letters. The International Phonetic Alphabet is based on the Latin alphabet, using as few non-Latin forms as possible The Association created the IPA so that the sound values of most consonant letters taken from the Latin alphabet would correspond to "international usage".
The official IPA
Revised to 2005.
Background
In 1886, a group of French and British language teachers, led by the French linguist Paul Passy, formed what would come to be known from 1897 onwards as the International Phonetic Association (in French, l’Association phonétique internationale). Their original alphabet was based on a spelling reform for English known as the Romic alphabet, but in order to make it usable for other languages, the values of the symbols were allowed to vary from language to language. For example, the sound of the "sh" in shoe, was originally represented with the letter 〈c〉 in English, but with the letter 〈ch〉 in French. However, in 1888, the alphabet was revised so as to be uniform across languages, thus providing the base for all future revisions.
Since its creation, the IPA has undergone a number of revisions. After major revisions and expansions in 1900 and 1932, the IPA remained unchanged until the IPA Kiel Convention in 1989. A minor revision took place in 1993 with the addition of four letters for mid-central vowels and the removal of letters for voiceless implosives. The alphabet was last revised in May 2005 with the addition of a letter for a labiodental flap.
Understanding I. P. A.
International Phonetic Alphabet.




I
If you listen to your surroundings & to yourself, you'll soon will be capable of correcting bad habits or those tricky things that bother you from yourself... When you understand yourself from the inside, as in a radiography, you're able to understand, know and show a better "yourself" in the outside, as in a photograph...
In that moment, you'll be capable of renewing yourself and be a better speaker of English, a better Spanish Speaker , a better
speaker
in general and, perhaps, a better person.

Claudia V:.
Full transcript