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LITERATURE: Short Story
Transcript of LITERATURE: Short Story
or plot. STRATEGIES
SHORT STORY 1. Question
Before you begin, think about what you expect to happen in the story.
Bring your own experience to the story.
When something in the story is not clear or does not seem to make sense, stop and try to clarify the conclusion.
Occasionally pause to review what has happened so far.
5. Pull It Together
Try to determine the central idea or point of the story. Elements of the
Short Story Character
Point of View
- is a person or animal
who takes part
in the action
of a short story. KINDS OF CHARACTER QUALITIES OF A GOOD CHARACTER
properly motivated ELEMENTS
CHARACTER 1. Appearance 5. Relationship
2. Personality 6. Conflict
3. Background 7. Change
4. Motivation KINDS
PLOT 1. Traditional / Conventional
is often conceived of as a moving through five distinct sections or stages: Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action and Resolution. 3. FLAT PLOT
- is a straight forward chronological plot. The Importance of the Setting
it anchors the story to a place and specifies time.
it gives the story an ambiance and atmosphere.
it reflects and helps the character build his/her identity.
it embodies the theme.
it adds an important dimension of meanings. THEME
- is the controlling idea or central insight of a story, a significant truth or lesson. Principles of Stating the Theme
1. A theme may be stated briefly or explored in length.
2. A theme can be expressed in complete sentences.
3. A theme should be stated as a generalization about life, society, or human nature.
4. The theme generalization should be larger than is justified by the details of the story.
5. Theme is the central unifying concept of a story.
6. Theme should not be reduced to a cliche (an overused and unoriginal way of expressing an idea).
7. A theme is not the same as the subject of a work.
8. A theme can be expressed in a couple of words like "Pursuit of Happiness" or "Heartache". POINT of VIEW
- it is the manner of telling the story. It serves as the story projector. KINDS of POINT OF VIEW THE STYLE
- refers to the literary devices that author used the language in terms of choice of words and the manner of presentation. Climax Exposition
(Introduction) Rising Action Resolution
(Conclusion) Falling Action PLOT SEQUENCE 2. Unconventional Plot
- Unfolding of events
may begin in
any section in
this kind of plot. Special Techniques of Plot
(Also called Literary
devices in fiction) FLASHBACK
- this literary device
scenes or incidents
which took place prior
to the beginning of
the plot. FORESHADOWING
- This is a hint or clue about an event that will occur later in the story. Suspense
- this is the feeling of
or tension in the reader's experiences
as the action of
the plot unfolds. SURPRISE ENDING
- this is an ending that catches the reader off guard with an unexpected turn of events.
In MEDEA RES
- the technique of beginning a story in the middle of the action, with background information given later in flashbacks. THE SETTING
- is the place and time
of a story. It is the
location of the
story's action. USES OF SETTING
to create a mood;
to inform readers about different ways in life;
to make the action of a literary work seem more real. the vivid details of a setting can take readers to imaginary or faraway times and places.
to contribute to the conflict, or struggle in a work.
to symbolize, or stand for some idea that the writer wants to emphasize. Protagonist Antagonist Static Dynamic Flat Round PLOT
- is the sequence
of events of