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Organizing Your Argument
Transcript of Organizing Your Argument
What is an Argument?
An argument involves the use of reasoning skills to support and then prove a point, statement or claim.
The use of researched material
• The introduction familiarizes the reader with the topic and purpose of the paper
• It stimulates an interest in the topic at hand
• It includes a plan for the argument is coming up.
The topic sentence
The topic sentence explains the main idea or general thread of each paragraph.
Watch this video on Constructing Argumentative essays
The Importance of Organization
• A clear explanation of each argued point is key to an effective argument
• It guides the listener through your reasoning and / or thought process
• It demonstrates the integrity and validity of the writer.
The four main parts
→ Thesis statement
3. Body Paragraphs
→Develop topic sentences
→Shape main points
→ Contradict the opposing points/ argument.
The Purpose of the Title.
The title is important because it introduces (to the reader or listener) the topic that will be discussed. This stimulates thought and or interest concerning the matter at hand.
Ordering Your Body Paragraphs
The paragraphs within the body may be organized in different ways:
Weakest claim to strongest claim
Most important point to least important.
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
"Welcome to the Purdue OWL." Purdue OWL Search Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
"How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay: Logical Structure." YouTube. YouTube, 22 Nov. 2009. Web. 23 Sept. 2013.
• A quotation
• Shocking statistics
• Personal anecdote
Methods for Introducing an Argument
The thesis statement answers the question “What is the purpose of this essay; what am I trying to prove?”
The Thesis Statement
A counterargument is the opposing claim; contrary to that which you are making.
To build a substantial and convincing argument, you must address the claims of the counterargument.
The thesis statement is usually located in the introductory paragraph, but may be placed in the body or the conclusion depending on the purpose of the paper.
The Location of the Thesis statement
The use of profanities may cause the audience to oppose your position simply because of the manner in which you attempted to bring your point across.
The Danger of Deprecating Language
It can help you in proving the claims of your argument and clearly outlining why the contradicting claims are wrong.
The writer should abstain from raising new claims in the conclusion.