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Fourth Grade - Westward Expansion/Steam Locomotive
Transcript of Fourth Grade - Westward Expansion/Steam Locomotive
SS4H5 The student will explain westward expansion of America between 1801 and 1861.
b. Describe the impact of the steamboat, the steam locomotive, and the telegraph on life in America. Steam Locomotive History One of the first American steam locomotives was built in the 1830s for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O). The company had been using railroad cars pulled by horses. When it became clear that steam locomotives had more power than horses, plans were made to build railroad systems that would link major cities and ports. By 1850, about 9,000 miles of railroad tracks crossed the country. Most of the trains were near the Atlantic coast. Railroads made it easier to transport materials and goods all over the country. Early Examples The "South Carolina" was the first 8-wheeled engine (built in 1831). The "John Bull" was the first locomotive fitted with a bell, headlight and a cowcatcher (built in 1832). The route and view from the Camus Prairie Train route that goes from Grangeville, ID to Lewiston, ID Guess who Lewiston, Idaho is named for? Let's Read... together... Look for ways that life has changed since 1914... In the winter of 1914, five year old Charlotte May Pierstorff is invited to visit her grandmother. Her grandmother lives 75 miles away, but the only way to get to her is by train via a long journey over the Idaho Mountains. View from the train May at 5 years old The train as it looked when May rode. May's grandmother's house Then Now Some things changed a great deal since 1914. Other things have stayed the same. Find examples of both and write your examples in the Venn Diagram below. Then and Now Then Now In the 1830s and 1840s, Samuel Morse developed a method of communicating with people over long distances. He called his invention the telegraph. It worked by transmitting electrical signals over a wire laid between stations. He also developed a code that assigned a set of dots and dashes to the alphabet and allowed for the simple transmission of complex messages across telegraph wires. The first message from Washington, DC to Baltimore was sent in 1844. The Telegraph Inventor: Samuel Morse The telegraph