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WHAP Final Project
Transcript of WHAP Final Project
Thomas Mandel & Carson Price Foundations: 8000 B.C.E. to c. 600 C.E. Global Interdependence: 1450 - c. 1750 C.E. Revolution, Industry and Empire:
1750 - c. 1914 C.E Global Realignments: 1914 - c. present Cross Cultural Interaction: 600 C.E. - c. 1450 C.E http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073406937/student_view0/timeline_part_one.html Africa Asia Europe America and Oceania Africa Asia Europe America and Oceania Africa Asia America and Oceania Europe Africa Asia America and Oceania Europe Africa Asia America and Oceania Europe Arrival of Homo Erectus- 1.5 million years ago, First form of man, slight cognitive ability.
Evolution to Homo Sapiens- 200,000 years ago, were larger and had a much larger skull.
Nile Valley- 5000BCE, Very Agricultural and had lots of money and innovation, connected to the Mediterranean sea
Hieroglyphics- 3,500 BCE, First form of recording Information, later developed an alphabet and was easier to write. Cro- Magnon Arrival- 40,000 BCE, Robustly built, larger brain capacity.
Cave Paintings, Lascaux, France- 16,000 BCE, Represented what the humans hunted and lived.
Great Thinkers- 400sBCE, Pericles, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle; Influenced the thinkers of the world up to the present.
Alexander the Great-336 to 323BCE, amassed the largest Empire under a single ruler. Migration to New Gunea and Australia- 60,000 BCE, Still a mystery as how they traveled across the Pacific
Migration to South America- 12,000 BCE, Amazing how quickly the people migrated South
Agricultural Development- 8,000 BCE(Mesoamerica), One of the first to adopt Ag. first Ag. villages 3,000 BCE
Mayan Calender- 400CE, First advanced math, use of Zero, incredible Asronomy Domestication of Rice- 7000BCE, gave huge population gains and an abunace of food
Metallurgy- 8000BCE, Started of very Baisically but slowly advanced giving Asia a huge advantage in battle.
Formation of Different Belief Systems- Buddhism, Confucianism, Zoroastrainism, Laozi,
Code of Hammurabi- 1750 BCE, Created a standard for all law systems to be based off of. French Revolution - 1789, a period of political and social turmoil the resulted in an attempted restructuring of France by the Third House (the peasants).
Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizen - 1789, following the final year of the revolution, the document stated clearly what was expected to be human, unalienable rights.
Congress of Vienna - 1815, created to settle issues from the absence of the Holy Roman Empire, the French Revolutions and the Napoleonic Wars.
End of Russian Serfdom - 1861, while they were no longer restricted to the land, labor rent maintained until 1868.
Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand - June 28, 1914; assassinated during his official visit to Sarajevo, first attempt of a bombing failed, he was then shot, as was his wife.
Austria-Hungary declares War on Serbia - July 28, 1914; beginning of World War I, largest scale war ever recorded up until this point in history. Stock Market Crash - 1929, global economic slowdown and national isolation prompted large scale investors to pull stock out of the market, leading in a frenzy of low-price security sales.
Pearl Harbor is attacked by Japanese - 7 December 1941, an attempt by the Japanese to eliminate the United State's ability to control the Pacific before they could enter the war.
First Atom Bomb Dropped on Hiroshima - August 6, 1945, only WMD in known existence at its time, caused unearthly damage and casualty rates.
Korean War - 1950 to 1953, a war between the Republic of Korea (South Korea), supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).
Cuban Missile Crisis - 1962, 13 day stand off between the Soviet backed Cuba and the Unites States, closest point to global nuclear war. Japanese invasion of Manchuria - 1931, Japanese invade Manchuria and produce a puppet state immediately following the Mukden Incident, a Japanese self sabotage and excuse for invasion.
Chinese Communist Revolution - 1949, a conflict during which Chinese Nationalist forces chased the Communists and one of their chairman Mao Zedong for thousands of miles in The Grand March.
Tiananmen Square - 1989, a peaceful student-led demonstration that was met with military violence, inflicting thousands of casualties.
Fall of USSR - 1991, As the USSR's communism led to the increased poverty and uncomfortability of smaller states, they claimed independence as Mikhail Gorbachev, the president of the Soviet Union at the time, stood idly by. German blitzkrieg in Poland - 1939, the germans used a large number of fast moving forces to overwhelm and quickly defeat country after country(lighting war).
Battle of Stalingrad - 1942 to 1943, fought over the city of Stalingrad, it proved to be one of the the bloodiest battles of World War II
Spanish Civil War - 1936, miltarily devided, rebels led a war of attrition against the established government for the control of the country.
Birth of Israel - 1948, declared by the United Nations an indipendent nation, it was immediately invaded by it's angered Arab neighbors. Libya Gains Independence - 1951, marked the turning point in African colonialism.
End of Apartheid - 1994, a longstanding social and political confrontation that segregated the majority under the control of the white minority.
Organization of African Unity - 1963, to unite the african countries under one economic and political voice. Slave Revolt of east African Slaves- 869CE, a fifteen year revolt, zanj slaves 500,000 strong revolted and helped form the Abbasid empire.
Kings of Ghana convert to Islam- 900CE, Brought over by Trans- Saharan trade slowly adopted Islam (not forced)
Swahili City States Dominate Costal Trade- 1000CE, brought great Wealth to Africa
Mali Empire- 13th- 15th centuries
Ibn Battuta 1325- 1353CE, one of the greatest travelers ever, recorded and accurate account of history Decline of Mayan Society- 800CE, No known explanations of why. (possibly drought)
Aztec/Mexica-1100- 1520 CE, moved to Tenochtitlan(capital) practiced bloodletting and were very violent. Ended by Hernan Cortes and disease
Inca 1100- 1530CE, Rich empire in Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia had centralized gov, but little trade. Ended by Francisco Pizarro.
Iroquois Nation- 1400CE, Matrilineal Society, women played a larger role
Christopher Columbus landed in the Carribean- 1492CE Opium Wars in China - 1839 to 1860, the illicit drug was sold through by the British Empire resulting in severe political tensions.
Communist Manifesto - 1848, influencial on much of Asia in the years following it's creation, Marxism influenced leaders like Stalin.
Commodore Perry opens Japan - 1853, for centuries Japan had only been open to chinese and dutch traders, America signed a treaty allowing a few ships to enter specific ports for trade.
Sepoy Mutiny - 1857, Indian mutineers from the British military force took over power for six months before the rebellion was quenched. French and Indian War - 1856 to 1863, the beginning of open hostilities between Great Britain and the colonies.
Emancipation Proclamation - 1863, Abraham Lincoln proclaimed all slaves in Confederate territory free.
Spanish American War - 1898, an effect of America's involvement in the Cuban War of Independence creating open conflict between America and Spain German Unification - 1871, the coming together of several religious, social, and cultural differences under a singular leader.
Berlin Conference -1885, a conference that cut up African into more than 50 fragmented countries for colonial purposes.
Boer War - 1899, a bitter open conflict turned guerrilla warfare that ended with Boer republics into British colonies. Columbus Discovers America - 1492, British trade and discovery leads to the discovery of a New World.
Cortez conquers Aztecs - 1521, believed to be a god in human form; the complete destruction of the Aztecs was swift and destroyed the population due to disease.
Pizarro conquers Inca - 1533, after 94% of the population was wiped out due to smallpox, the europeans took the land with limited resistance
Foundation of Jamestown - 1607, the renowned relationship between europeans and the Powhatan Indians lead to a successful colonization and integration of Native American and Europen Relations for a period of time. Ottomans Capture Constantinople - 1453, the capture of the Byzantine Empire's capital marked the end of the Roman Empire.
30 years war - 1618 to 1648, largely a religious war between Catholics and Protestants, it devastated regions in one of the longest wars in European history.
British Defeat Spanish Armada - 1588, marked by a dramatic power shift in an ageless dispute, the British gained the upper hand in naval warfare and would maintain it for hundreds of years.
English Bill of Rights - 1689, set limits on the powers of the crown and expanded the rights of Parliament and rules for freedom of speech. Muslim Conquest of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Egypt- 600CE
Song Dynasty Inventions- 960-1279CE, Invented the magnetic compass, moveable print, paper money greatly changed technology.
Bubonic Plague-1331CE, Killed MIllions and millions of people!!! deid within 24hr of contracting it.
Zeng He- 1405-1433CE, Diplomat, voyagour, and fleet admiral, traveled to bring recognition to yongle empire. Marco Polo travels - 1271 to 1295, after traveling through Asia and sailing back around the cape of Africa, he composed a set of maps that were incredibly influential in its time.
First Crusade - 1095, A military expedition by the Holy Roman Empire to reconquer Muslim conquests.
1st Schism in Christian Church - 1054, a great split between the Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches, during which the Pope of the Greek Orthodox church was excommunicated by the Catholic Pope.
Ibn Battuta - 1325 to 1349, an islamic legal scholar, his journeys later discussed the incredible differences he found when traveling to strange new worlds, commenting on African society.
Bubonic plague in Europe - 1347 to 1348, deadly bacterial infection that left Europe in shambles economically and politically, while reforming religous and artistic focal points
Foundation of Holy roman Empire- 962 CE, explicitly proclaimed to be a continuation of the Western Roman Empire, ruled first by Otto and dissolved during the Napoleonic Wars. Timbuktu and the Islamic Golden Age- 16th century, a time of prosperity and leniency in west Africa allowing for growth and enlightenment.
African slave trade- 1600's CE, the start of the slave trade started hunting through villages for africans to ship to the americas, the high point was in 1700's with an average of 55,000 africans a year.
Queen Nzinga- 1623- 1663 CE, from royal family, came to power of SW Africa, signed treaty to end the war with Portugal and lead the nation to peace. Qing Dynasty- 1644-1911 CE, Was the last imperial dynasty in china, ruled by Manchus of northeast china. Time of growth very well run gov, though some discrimination (cow tows).
Tokugawa Bakufu- 1600-1867 CE, Followed the Warring States, a feudal class based gov. First accepted Christianity but then saw it as a threat and banned its practices.
Russian Settlement of Siberia- 16th and 17th century, Slowly moved northward mostly for fur trappers.
Seven Years War 1756-1742 CE, Had a theater on every continent and was the first war fought globally, also ended Frances control in the Americas Classical Era: 600 B.C.E - 600 C.E. Africa Asia America and Oceania Europe Footbinding- only in upper class, represented the freedom from manual labor.
Buddhism- 450 BCE, began to take root, based on the eight fold path.
Zhou Dynasty Collapse- 256 BCE, Feudal Gov, that eventually ended up fighting each other and entering the warring states
Warring States 475- 221 BCE, 8 Large city- states all vying for control. Little stability anywhere.
Legalism- strict obedience to the law system, though fairer.
Doaism- Practicing the way of the dao, go with the flow don't fight it. Life is happy.
Confucianism- Didn't look towards the heavens, based on family and virtue
Qin Dynasty 221- 206 BCE, Utilized legalism philosophies and tight control. built large construction projects and infrastructure
Han Dynasty 206 BCE -220 CE, Divided into regions directly controled by the gov. A time of Great Prosperity, supported Confucianism.
Gupta 320-55CE, Considered the golden age of India Persian Empire- 600BC- 651CE Achaemenid Empire, Parthian Empire, Sassanid Empire (before Islam)
Greece- 600BCE, Birth place of the City-States
Athens and Sparta- 600BCE, Two very different ways of governing dominated their regions.
Roman Empire Mayans- Very advanced, utilized math, monument building astronomy. Almost a population of 2 million at its height, Poly theistic with many rituals.