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Scare Tactics

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Deisi Pizano

on 4 November 2013

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Transcript of Scare Tactics

Scare tactics- a type of fallacy
Show
me!
This sounds familiar?
Other fallacies similar to scare tactics are:
Scare Tactics
Scare tactics is a type of fallacy of pathos that occurs in an argument when the author is trying to persuade the audience by exaggerating the truth of what could happen if the audience doesn't agree with the author.
So what is it again??
Scare tactics are said to be a cheap unethical way of appealing to the audiences emotions and thereby persuading them into agreement

They are used in arguments in which a strong emotion of what can happen if we disagree is is offered by the author as the reason to agree.

This type of persuasion is a fallacy because fear cannot be the only reason to agree with someone and the author should not create a threat or force his/her audience into agreement
Also Known as:
* Appeal to fear

* Appeal to force

* Ad Baculum
Because of the
possibility of a severe
life ending
automobile accident,
driving is too dangerous
and should be avoided.
Smoking tobacco
causes lung cancer and
the only way to eliminate
lung cancer is to ban all
tobacco products
An employee is complaining
about raises at his job and
his boss tells to quit
complaining or he will get fired
A church slogan stating:

Turn to Jesus now or
burn in hell forever
A T.V. political campaign
ad stating: " Voting for this presidential candidate
will ruin all chances for your
children to get into college"
Slippery Slope
Overly sentimental appeals play
on the audience's pathos and
exaggerate the truth but exaggerate
the consequences even more.
They lead you into persuasion by
stating the strong negative
farfetched consequences
Slippery slope also exaggerates the truth,
draws on the audience's emotions and
uses fear for persuasion but this appeals
more to the future settings. It states how
one small step now can lead to inevitable
negative things in the future.
Sentimental Appeals
How do I know?
How to recognize this type of fallacy:

1. The author exaggerates the possible dangers even though they are not logical

2. The topic reduces complex issues into simple serious threatening type messages

3. The argument pulls on your emotions or personal beliefs

4. You feel guiltily persuaded, forced or threatened into believing or acting a certain way
How do I avoid?
Simple ways to avoid using this type of fallacy in your argument:

1. Don't make statements that are so strong it could intimidate or scare your audience.

2. Focus on demonstrating your own credibility without the use of strong irrational statements.

3.Do not instill fear into your audience or offer fear as the only good reason to agree with your argument
Works Cited:
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Argumentum_ad_baculum.html

http://www.nizkor.org/features/fallacies/appeal-to-fear.html

http://ksuweb.kennesaw.edu/~shagin/logfal-emotion-scare.htm

http://www.odessa.edu/dept/english/mjordan/fallaciesofargument.htm

http://web.mnstate.edu/gracyk/courses/phil%20110/fallaciesexplained.htm

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