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The Samurai

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Cal Thomas

on 30 April 2014

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Transcript of The Samurai

Made By Cal Thomas
The Age of the Samurai
The Beginning of the Samurai started in 646 A.D. in Japan. The reformation included land retribution and heavy taxes. This was meant to support a chinese-style empire. In the end result many small farms had to be sold along with the land. The farmers who sold there land had to become tenant farmers.
The Beginning for the Samurai
On the right the old fashioned way of planting and picking rice. The Japanese improved that way with the advances of technology and natural animals above.
around the 900's the emperors of the Heian Dynasty lost control of futal Japan. Soon the samurai held all of the power od Japan. The Emperor soon only had power over the capital itself. The Samurai soon held all of Japan in his hands by the 1100. The Heian Dynasty was from 794-1185.
The Samurai in Feudal Era
In the 1160 the first shogunate after the civil war led the first samurai government. The defeated Emperor Minamoto was Banished from the capital Kyoto.
The Shogunate
Rise of the Samurai rule
The imperial line received a fatal blow when Emperor Toba pasted away without a successor. His sons Sotoku and Go-Shirakawa fought in the Hogen Rebellion. The two sons died and never clamied the throne. The imperial office lost all remaining power.
Technology
The technology during the samurai era was different then today. For farming they had to hand pick for years till the years of steel came along then the process took less to harvest.
Economy
Japans economy was based off of agriculture. There main source of export was sushi, wheat, grains, and vegetables.
Weapons
In the Last slide you saw some of there weapons that they made early on. Some of there weapons included the bow, spear, and wooden cannons. Most early samurai's were archers with horses. Some of the samurai's always used there sword, but most of them just used it to finish off there enemies. later off starting in the late 1200's the samurai's basic weapon became the sword and spears.
Culture
Japanese culture was based on bushido or "The way of the Warrior". For if anyone failed the samurai, the samurai had the right to him or her down. He would have no fear of dieing. He would rather die fighting for the emperor then surrender and bring shame to his family.
Daily life In Japan
life in Japan at the time was very hard. The worst things that happened at the time was famine, disease, and earthquakes. They would work in the field of agriculture fishing and manufacturing.
The Mongols Invade!
Two clans fight once more from 1180-1185. More than 100 years later in 1268 the Kublai Klan former rulers of China then in 1278 the Mongols decided to invaded Japan with 600 ships. A giant typhoon destroyed the fleet. They tried again in 1283 and met the same fate.
The Fall of Kamuraka, The early Muromachi Era.
Despite such incredible help from nature, the Mongol attacks cost the Kamakura dearly. Unable to offer land or riches to the samurai leaders who rallied to Japan's defense, the weakened shogun faced a challenge from Emperor Go-Daigo in 1318. The emperor was exiled in 1331, but returned and overthrew the Shogunate in 1333.

This Kemmu Restoration of imperial power lasted only three years.

In 1336, the Ashikaga Shogunate under Ashikaga Takauji reasserted samurai rule, but it was weaker than the Kamakura had been. Regional constables called "daimyo" developed considerable power, meddling in the shogunate's succession.
Old Japanese Artwork
In japan you could work in the field or basically make pottery to make a living .The Japanese also in there spare time made works of art ranging from many items like.
Drawings
Paintings
Pottery
Jewelry
The Warring States Period began to draw to a close in 1568, when the warlord Oda Nobunaga defeated three other powerful daimyo, marched into Kyoto, and had his favorite, Yoshiaki, installed as shogun.

Nobunaga spent the next 14 years subduing other rival daimyo, and quelling rebellions by fractious Buddhist monks.

His grand Azuchi Castle, constructed between 1576 and 1579, became of symbol of Japanese reunification.

In 1582, Nobunaga was assassinated by one of his generals, Akechi Mitsuhide. Hideyoshi, another general, finished the unification and ruled as kampaku (regent).

Hideyoshi invaded Korea in 1592 and 1597.
Azuchi-Momoyama Period and Restoration of Order
Hideyoshi had exiled the large Tokugawa clan from the area around Kyoto to the Kanto region in western Japan. The Taiko died in 1598, and by 1600, Tokugawa Ieyasu had conquered the other western daimyo from his castle stronghold at Edo .

Ieyasu's son, Hidetada, became shogun of the unified country in 1605, ushering in about 250 years of relative peace and stability for Japan.

The strong Tokugawa shoguns domesticated the samurai, forcing them to either serve their lords in the cities, or give up their swords and farm. This transformed the warriors into a hereditary class of cultured bureaucrats.
Tokugawa Shogunate (Edo Period)
In 1868, the Meiji Restoration signaled the beginning of the end for the samurai.

The Meiji system of constitutional monarchy included such democratic reforms as term limits for public office and popular balloting. With public support, the Meiji Emperor did away with the samurai, reduced the power of the daimyo, and moved the capital from Kyoto to Tokyo.

The new government created a conscripted army in 1873; many of the officers were drawn from the ranks of former samurai.

In 1877, angry ex-samurai revolted against the Meiji in the Satsuma Rebellion; they lost the Battle of Shiroyama, and the era of the samurai was over.
Meiji Restoration and the Decline of the Samurai:
European Affairs
The european nations got involved in the fight for the future of Japan near the end of the samurai's era. Great Britain, France, and United States of America. In 1853 a peace treaty was signed by the US and Feudal Japan. After that Japans economy dropped and people suffered. So the time for the samurai had to come.
Sides to Choose
The leader of the samurai sided with France while the former Imperial Power sided with Great Britain.

The two sides had to learn new ways to face each other on the fields and seas.

Some of the Shogunates sided with the imperial side and the other sided with the rebel samurais
Technology: 1860-1880
The technology came along way from just melee combat. Around 1863 when the shogunate and imperial sides choose which side to be on whether to restore the balance of feudal Japan.
Above you see a map of Japan and it shows you some of the clans that was a part of this war.
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