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The Silk Road: Baghdad

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Ryder Little

on 21 November 2013

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Transcript of The Silk Road: Baghdad

Sand and Spices: Baghdad on the Silk Road
Part 1: The Silk Road
What/where:
The Silk Road was a "network of ancient overland trade routes stretching from eastern China to the Mediterranean Sea, linking East and West" (textbook, pg. 931)
When:
Height of popularity = Tang Dynasty—7th century (Wilde)
Why:
Only feasible land route possible between Europe and Asia
Types of goods traded:
Silk
Other textiles (Wilde)
Linen
Felt
Cotton
Woolens
Asbestos fibers
Plants, drus (The Silk Road)
Slaves (The Silk Road)
Ivory (pg. 284-285)
Ceramics/porcelian (pg. 284-285)
Technology (e.g., chariot) (pg. 284-285)
Knowledge, culture, and ideas (e.g., Buddhism)
Possibly most important aspect of the Silk Road
Part 2: Baghdad
Part 3: What This Means
Like the Underground Railroad, the Silk Road was not a physical road, but a set of trade routes between two continents. Baghdad was one of the most important cities on the Silk Road, and was a world leader in mathematical and scientific research.
Founding of Baghdad
Area settled by Babylon in 1800 BCE (Huda)

Abbasid Dynasty came into power, moved capital of Muslim Empire to Baghdad in 762 CE (Huda)
Research and Scholarship in Baghdad
At its height between the 8th and 13th centuries CE, Baghdad was a major international center of research and learning (Huda), especially in the areas of:
Medicine
Mathematics
Astronomy
Chemistry
Literature
Interestingly, "enthusiasm for science during this period was driven by the ruling family of the time—the Abbasid caliphate—and their thirst for knowledge (McKendry). The House of Wisdom, based in Baghdad, researched especially in the areas of:
Geometry
Engineering
Astronomy
and was a center of learning, circa 800 CE.
Pictured: Pre-Abbasid Baghdad, ca. 150-300 CE (Muir)
Nice map, Mister!
Pictured: House of Wisdom, ca. 13th cent. (Wikipedia)
Pictured: Baghdad along the Silk Road (Hopia)
Works Cited, yo
The Great Silk Road. 2010. Silk Road. Hopia, 2010. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.

Huda. "Baghdad in Islamic History." About.com Islam. About.com, 2013. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

McKendry, Meredith. "Travelling the Silk Road." National Museum Australia. Australian Government, 2013. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.

Muir, William. Baghdad between 150 and 300 A.H. 1883. Muhammadanism. Muhammadanism, 22 Dec. 2003. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.

"Trade." The Northern Silk Road. John Carroll University, n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

Wilde, Oliver. "The Silk Road." The Silk Road. University of California, Irvine, 1992. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.

Zereshk. Maqamat_hariri.jpg. 13th Cent. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 10 Dec. 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.
Thank you for watching!
Full transcript