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Transcript of Daniel Boone
Boone went back to North Carolina while his family was still in Virginia to plant a crop. After it was harvested, Boone came back to Virginia in 1762. His Children Daniel and Rebecca had a total of ten children. Their first child was born on May 3, 1757 and their last child was born on March 3, 1781.
James- May 3, 1757
Israel- January 25, 1759
Susannah- November 2, 1760
Jemima- October 4, 1762
Nathan- March 3, 1781 He longed to see Kentucky, so in 1767, Boone traveled westward with his brother, Squire, and William Hill, a close friend of Daniel's. They traveled to what is now Floyd County in eastern Kentucky, but they had to return home in Spring because of harsh weather and rugged terrain.
Then in 1769, Boone's luck changed. One day, John Findley knocked on Boone's door asking for a good woodsman to guide him on an overland route through the Cumberland Gap to Kentucky. In 1769, Boone and Findley set out for Kentucky with John Stuart, Boone's brother-in-law, and three others. Later, Boone's brother, Squire, joined them.
They headed west through the Warrior's Path, an old Indian trail, to get to the Cumberland Gap. The group hunted and explored for two years then returned to Virginia. Boone led a group of friends and family to Kentucky from the Yadkin River in North Carolina. On October 9, 1773, there was an Indian attack on the watch party, who were stationed farther down the trail from the others to protect the supply wagons. There were only one or two survivors. Sadly, Boone's oldest son, James, was killed. Due to the attack, the settlers turned around and headed back to North Carolina. In March of 1775, Richard Henderson, a North Carolina judge, asked Boone to help him buy land from the Cherokee for the Transylvania Company to establish American colonies.
Henderson asked Boone and thirty well-equipped woodsmen to improve and connect the old Indian trails and buffalo paths. This trail that Boone blazed reached into the heart of Kentucky and is known as the Wilderness Road. At the end of Boone's Trace, a branch of the Wilderness Road, and just south of present-day Lexington is a fort that Boone built named Boonesborough in May 1775. Boone's wife and his daughter, Jemima, were the first white women to see Kentucky. On July 14, 1776, Jemima Boone and two friends, Betsy and Fanny Callaway, went for a canoe ride. The current was too strong and pushed the girls to the other shore.
Then several Shawnee Indians attacked them, and the girls' screams were heard at the fort.
Daniel Boone assembled two groups to rescue the girls. Two days later on July, 16, Boone directed a surprise attack on the tribe and rescued the three girls unharmed. In August 1776, a copy of the Declaration of Independence reached Boonesborough. In January 1778, Boone and thirty other men headed north to get salt deposits for the settlement in a region known as the Blue Licks. While hunting alone, Boone was captured by a group of Shawnee Indians. While there, he learned that the Indians were going to attack Boonesborough. Boone managed to prevent a massacre by negotiating the surrender with all his men as prisoners. Then in February 1778, Chief Blackfish favored Boone and adopted him into the tribe. Boone's indian name was Shel-Tow-ee, which means Big Turtle.
Sixteen men of the thirty with Boone remained with the tribe, but the other fourteen were sold to the British in Detroit.
Boone stayed with the tribe and supposedly loved Indian life. . . Boone learned that Blackfish planned on attacking Boonesborough. In June 1778, Boone escaped and made the 160 mile trip in four days.
In September 1778, more than 400 Shawnee Indians surrounded Boonesborough and demanded surrender. To delay the attack, Boone pretended to negotiate a treaty.
Sadly, the plan didn't work. The Indians started firing. The settlers stayed strong, and after nine days, Chief Blackfish withdrew. Against Boone's wishes, the local militia pursued the Shawnee Indians into the Blue Licks region in 1782. The Indians ambushed the militia! During the attack, Boone lost another son, Israel. The settlers retreated back to Boonesborough. Later Life Daniel Boone was rich with land, but lawyers sued him for not getting a title for the land he claimed in Kentucky. He moved his family to Point Pleasant, which is now West Virginia. Then Boone moved the family to the Blue Licks region of Kentucky. In 1798, Boone nearly lost all of his land and was in debt. Sadly, when the U.S. bought that territory from France, Boone lost all of his land because he had a Spanish title not an American title for his land. In 1814, the U.S. Congress reissued the original grant of 850 acres, but Boone had to sell the land to pay off debts. In 1799, Boone headed west again! He led a group of settlers at the invitation of the Spanish government, which controlled Missouri at this time.
During the journey, someone asked him," Why did you leave Kentucky?" Boone's famous reply was, "Too many people! Too crowded! I want more elbow room!" The Spanish government gave Boone a grant for 850 acres of land in Missouri. Boone was appointed judge over the Femme Osage District in Missouri. Boone received more land for bringing in hundreds of families. During his later years, Boone continued to hunt and explore. On his last hunt in 1817, Boone fell sick at eighty-three. He continued to live with his daughter, Jemima, and her husband, Flanders Callaway. On September 20, 1820, Boone died at eighty-five just a month shy of of his eighty-sixth birthday at his son, Nathan's, house. He was buried next to Rebecca on a hill a mile from the Missouri River. Rebecca Bryan Boone died on March 18, 1813 at age seventy-three. Boone often described her death as an "inexpressible loss". Boone was never the same after her death. The couple's granddaughter described it as "the saddest affliction of his life." In 1845, twenty-five years after Daniel Boone's death, the people of Missouri agreed to have the remains of Daniel Boone and his wife, Rebecca, moved to Frankfurt, Kentucky, the state capital. The Missourians wanted the famous pioneer brought home to his "Hunter's Paradise." Daniel Boone's major accomplishments were the founding of Kentucky and settling the area. He founded the fort, Boonesborough. What did they do to impact American History? Daniel Boone impacted history by promoting westward expansion before and right after the American Revolution. He was a pioneer who encouraged exploration and curiosity. Why should they be remembered today? Daniel Boone should be remembered today for his courage and curiosity for "Manifest Destiny." His exploration started the thought or the movement for westward expansion. In fact, on June 7, the people of Kentucky celebrate Boone Day. How did they influence America and Americans? Daniel Boone influenced and influences America and Americans by showing that it takes curiosity, courage, and endurance to follow your dreams. http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/hns/boone/colonizer.html Frontiersman: Daniel Boone and the Making of America By: Meredith Mason Brown Frontiersman: Daniel Boone and the Making of America By: Meredith Mason Brown Frontiersman: Daniel Boone and the Making of America By: Meredith Mason Brown Frontiersman: Daniel Boone and the Making of America By: Meredith Mason Brown http://www.biography.com/people/daniel-boone-9219543 Frontiersman: Daniel Boone and the Making of America By: Meredith Mason Brown Frontiersman: Daniel Boone and the Making of America By: Meredith Mason Brown Frontiersman: Daniel Boone and the Making of America By: Meredith Mason Brown Works Cited
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“Daniel Boone.” 2013. The Biography Channel website. May 17, 2013, 01:30
Brown, Meredith Mason. Frontiersman: Daniel Boone and the Making of America. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 2008. Print.