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The Rebellion of 1837 in Lower Canada

History: Project - CMA

Cindy Duong

on 9 March 2015

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Transcript of The Rebellion of 1837 in Lower Canada

Key People
Americans live near border thought that the British are going to be defeated
They helped the Patriotes
Rebels who were in the United States organized groups to invade Upper and Lower Canada
The Upper Canada society is called Hunter's Lodge
The Lower Canada Society is called Frères Chasseurs
In mid-1838, 40 000 - 60 000 members were in lodge
They all were defeated in and invasion in Upper Canada, Lower Canada, and other places
The Battles
Louis-Joseph Papineau {1786-1871}
William Lyon Mackenzie {1795-1861}
The Rebellions' Aftermath
Politicians believe that no officials should be appointed
They think that voters should pick all representatives
They say that the representative with most powers, councils and governors, are British
They also say that this is radical, or extreme.
They wanted this to be avoid and be like the United States government





Born in Scotland
Came to Upper Canada in 1820 and worked as a newspaper writer
Elected to the legislative assembly
He was soon expelled because of publishing libel articles
In 1836, he supported the Reformer Party in the newspaper
Reformer lost election; he blame the lieutenant - governor for supporting the Family Compact
He admired the U.S republic revolution against the Britain in the 1770s
He started organizing a rebellion against the Crown
He was one of the few that who has courage to stand up against the government
His statue in Toronto was soon destroyed by the government
Major Changes
Hunters' Lodges
Reducing the Influence of the Canadiens
Minor Changes
Elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1809
Believed that the Elected Assembly should have more power
Traveled to London, England in 1823 to persuade the British government to reform the system in Lower Canada
Supporters were called the Patriotes
Realized the rebellion would fail, he fled
Returned in 1846 & discovered the government granted an amnesty{Pardon, or forgiveness,granted to a group of people for political offenses} to anyone who had connections with the rebellion
Died in 1871: at age ninety five
People pointed out that the problem was bad
Fighting was organized and longer
Many thought there could not be peace in the Canadas {Kuh n– –Duh} {a dry riverbed or a small, deep canyon.}
Wanted the British to change the political system
Whatever the British did, the people weren't satisfied
Government involved groups
Future was blurry
-The commander of the British army was Sir John Colborne
-He led a force in mid-December
-Happened at Saint-Eustache
-The rebels hid
-The rebels didn't have enough power
Born in 1793, died in 1875
Soldier in british army
As a major, he retired in 1825
Earned a nickname: "galloping head"
Worked for a mining company in south America
Also he was an author& a colonial administrator
Appointed lieutenant governor in 1835
Bond Head appointed reformers
He didn't listen
They decided to resign
Legislative assembly had passed on a resulution in 1836
The lieutenant took down the assembly
Had new elections
The Tories won
People thought revolution was the answer
Robert Baldwin/Louis-Hippolyte LaFontaine
Baldwin:Politician in Upper Canada
LaFontaine:Politician in Lower Canada
Both political partners
Led the first responsible ministry in Canada
"Responsible Government" marked the country's democratic independence
Achievement included the introduction of municipal government
The Rebellions' Aftermath




The Rebellions' Aftermath
The Undemocratic Government
Democratic government is election for representative
Have power to make law
Governor system in Canada is undemocratic
Elected representative has little power
Voters elect representatives for the legislative assembly only
The governor appoints the Lieutenant Governor
Lieutenant Governor appoint the Legislative Council and Executive Council
If the Legislative Assembly give out a bill to the governor and they don't like it, the Legislative Council would be told to vote against the law.
This bill will not become the law
If the Legislative Assembly did not like the Legislative Governor bill, they could vote against it, but the governor could ask the legislative governor to pass on an Order in Council.
This bill will become the law.
Robert Baldwin & Louis-Hippolyte LaFontaine were politicians.
Baldwin was in upper Canada.
LaFontaine in lower Canada.
Making minor changes to the government would be enough
There were still some appointed politicians
In the government, any bill that is passed by the legislative would become law
If the lieutenant governor didn't agree with a bill, he could just refuse to sign it
Louis - Hippolyte
Broke in at late November 1837 in Saint-Denis
Armed Patriotes supporters captured a seigneur's manor
Army lead by: Lieutenant - Colonel Francis Gore, failed to recapture the manor
They retreated; the Patriote claim victory
2 days later in Saint - Charles, the army broke into one of the Patriotes camp
They armed 100 of their people
Most defender died
The Aftermath of the Rebellions
This is a small summary of what you just learned of the Aftermath.
True or False?
1.Robert Baldwin is a politician in Upper Canada.
2.Bond Head earned a nickname: "galloping head".
3.The Lower Canada society is called Hunter's Lodge.
4.The rebellions were not forced to be put down.
Full transcript