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Francophone rights in Canada
Transcript of Francophone rights in Canada
Rights in Canada 1608 1774 1867 1890 1892 1969 1977 1982 1988 Present day Samuel de Champlain founded Quebec, and established New France in North America. Britain passed the Quebec Act, which recognized the rights of Francophones to their identity and language. This act also enlarged the borders of Quebec, and granted freedom of religion to Catholic Francophones. Confederation established Canada as Bilingual and Bicultural under the British North America act. John A Macdonald and George Etienne Cartier forged the Francophone-Anglophone alliance at the foundation of Confederation. The Manitoba Schools Act was established, which abolished French as an official language of Manitoba and removed public funding for Catholic schools. The Haultain Resolution and the North-West Territories Ordinance Number 22 were established, which restricted more Francophone rights, this time in the North-West territories. The Haultain Resolution was proposed by the premier of the territory, Frederick Haultain, and called for the proceedings of the assembly to be English only. Ordinance Number 22 of the Resolution required English as the language of instructions in all schools in the territory. The Offical Languages Act reasserted equality of French and English as official languages in the government of Canada. Bill 101: Charte de la langue Francaise was established. It was a Quebec law which set down rules for protecting and promoting the use of the French language in Quebec. As "French speaking people are a distinct people and French is the language that expresses their identity,"... ...the people of Quebec wanted to make French the language of government and the everyday language of work, education and business in their province. In 1870, Manitoba entered Confederation as a bilingual province. It had rights to publicly funded Catholic schools that served the Francophone community and Protestant schools which served the Anglophone community. Louis Riel won these rights for Manitoba, but the Manitoba School Act abolished these rights. Alberta was part of the North-West territories before becoming a province itself. The North-West territories were officially bilingual and had publicly funded Catholic schools and Protestant schools, like Manitoba. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms confirmed Canada's bilingualism and established language minority rights. Sections 16 to 20 of the Charter establish French and English as official languages of Canada, and the rights of Canadian citizens to conduct their affairs with the federal government in either official language. Section 23 of the Charter says that a French speaking or English speaking minority population of sufficient size in any province has the right to publicly funded schools that serve their language community. Supreme court decided that the law can require signs to use French, but cannot prohibit the use of English in addition. The law can require French to be more prominent that English in Quebec. Alberta has 26 publicly funded Francophone schools, and 25 Francophone school boards have been established across Canada. The Journey for Rights:
A Timeline Francophone: A person whose first language is French Official language minority: a group that speaks one of Canada's official languages and that does not make up the majority population of a province or territory. The only province which has a Francophone majority is Quebec; Francophones are an official language minority across the rest of Canada. Rachel St. Laurent:
in Alberta Rachel has attended a Francophone school since she was in Kindergarten, and believes that it is an important factor in her life as it shows that she is involved in her community and culture. She thinks that her language is important and shows that everyone is equal, even if they speak different languages. Unfortunately, Rachel worries about losing her French, "because in Alberta, almost everyone speaks English." Devin Mens:
in Quebec Devin feels that as English is his mother tounge, he should attend an English school. He believes there are more opportunities for him that require English, which influences his choices. "The biggest difference is [...] everyday stuff," when it comes to life in Quebec. He doesn't worry about losing his Anglophone identity, as he is a minority in Quebec; in Devin's opinion, living in a Francophone community makes his Anglophone identity stronger. The bill stated that:
Commercial signs were only allowed to use French
Francophones and immigrants in Quebec alike had to attend Francophone schools "It's one thing to have a right,
and it's another to access that right." -Claudette Roy "People in the majority don't have to think about what supports their identity. The supports are just there. But they aren't 'just there' for [Francophones]." -Claudette Roy "The Charter of Rights and Freedoms says you can be equal and different at the same time. [It] is clearly a fundamental law that defines who Canadians are." -Denis Coderre "In Canada, we believe in sharing our different cultures, while also being full participants in overall issues. That's the beaty of our country." -Denis Coderre FIN By Selen 9B