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The Southern Kingdom's Final Years

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Jeffrey Smith

on 17 January 2017

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Transcript of The Southern Kingdom's Final Years

The Downfall of Judah
Fall of Judah
586 BC

King Uzziah

King Jotham

King Ahaz
722 BC
Fall of Israel
716 BC
King Hezekiah
687 BC
King Manesseh
640-609 BC
King Josiah
King Amon

-Judah will be destroyed like Israel unless you return to the Holy One
Prophesied to Kings from Uzziah to Hezekiah
-Repent your covenant unfaithfulness and look towards the coming Messiah
God will bring judgment on his people through a coming exile to Babylon...........but a remnant will be preserved and will return home purified
-Promised ever since Genesis 3:15 & the Davidic Covenant......but we finally get the details!

-God will bring temporary salvation after the Exile, but permanent salvation will come through this savior
The Reforms of King Josiah
-Destroyed altars and idols of Baal, Asherah, Molech, etc.
-Deposed the false priests and temple prostitutes
-Destroyed and defiled the high places and other places of false worship
-Restored the Passover
-Recentralized worship of Yahweh
Assyria vs. Babylon
(and Egypt)
~609 BCE
Babylon conquers the Assyrian Empire
2 Kings 23:25 Before him there was no king like him, who turned to the Lord with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his might, according to all the Law of Moses, nor did any like him arise after him.

26 Still the Lord did not turn from the burning of his great wrath, by which his anger was kindled against Judah, because of all the provocations with which Manasseh had provoked him.
Josiah's great deeds did not change the Lord's decision to bring judgment to Judah.
Who has believed what he has heard from us?
And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?
He grew up before him like a young plant,
and like a root out of dry ground;
He had no form or majesty that we should look at him,
and no beauty that we should desire him.
He was despised and rejected by men;
a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief;
and as one from whom men hide their faces
He was despised, and we esteemed him not.Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows;
yet we esteemed him stricken,
smitten by God, and afflicted.
But he was wounded for our transgressions;
he was crushed for our iniquities;
upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace,
and with his stripes we are healed.
All we like sheep have gone astray;
we have turned—every one—to his own way;
and the LORD has laid on him
the iniquity of us all.
He was oppressed, and he was afflicted,
yet he opened not his mouth;
like a lamb that is led to the slaughter,
and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent,
so he opened not his mouth
-Preached repentance during the final five kings of Judah
God's judgment on unfaithfulness of Judah and God's plan of a new covenant to "remember their sin no more"
Before the fall of Judah:

After the fall of Judah:
-Jeremiah preaches to repent or face imminent destruction
-The New Covenant is promised
-"Jeremiah" is composed
-"Lamentations" is composed to lament over Jerusalem
-Have hope, not despair...God's mercy is still there
New Covenant
“Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they broke, though I was their husband, declares the LORD. But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the LORD: I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the LORD,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.”
Reigned for three months under Egyptian control
Changed allegiances from Egypt to Babylon...
then back to Egypt

Babylon arrested him for his rebellion
Reigned three really, really poor months

Due to his predecessor's rebellion, Babylon conquered Jerusalem in 597 BCE
Exiles to Babylon begin....

1st Wave = 597 BCE (includes Daniel)
A puppet king for the Babylonians

Despite Jeremiah's warnings, he rebels against Babylon and allies with the Egyptians
Jerusalem Destroyed
As punishment for Zedekiah's rebellion, King Nebuchadnezzar destroys Jerusalem in 586 BCE

-The Temple of Solomon is destroyed
The Babylonian Exile
A second wave of exiles are taken in 586 BC. (Including Ezekiel)

A third, final wave of exiles is taken in 582 BCE.

Only "the poorest of the land" remained in Israel and Judah
In Israel...
Tenth king of Israel, 841 BCE
Anointed by Elisha
Ordered the death of Jezebel & Ahab's family
Killed Baal worshipers, yet tolerated the gold idols
Submitted Israel to Assyria
Ruled Israel from 732-722 BCE
Forced to pay the Assyrians yearly to not conquer Israel
Arrested by the Assyrian king because he refused to pay again
Also tried to ally with the Egyptians

The Assyrian king seiged Israel as punishment
Conquered and destroyed Samaria in 722 BCE
The Prophets
Jonah, Amos & Hosea
Each called Israel to repent of their unfaithfulness and turn to God
Each was ultimately ignored
Assyrian Siege of Jerusalem
Hezekiah's Tunnel
Siloam Inscription
Hezekiah's Reforms
“did that which was right according to all that David his father did”
Reestablished worship at the Temple
Reinstituted the Levitical priests and Israelite holidays (esp. Passover)
Listened to the prophet Isaiah
Abolished worship of Canaanite or Assyrian gods
Removed the high places
Destroyed the bronze serpent
King Ahaz
741-7265 BCE
a very bad king
sacrificed his own child to Baal

Ahaz panics when Israel and Syria ally against Judah
Ahaz asks Assyria for help

Ahaz refuses to listen to the prophets
Isaiah, Hosea, and Micah
Full transcript