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enviromental psychology

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Daniel Bell

on 7 August 2013

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Transcript of enviromental psychology

Decressing fossil fuels
Promoting sustainble water use
Sustainable agriculture
Wind power
Solar systems
Using only locally grown food
Should be only eating plants and small animals
Food should not be processed or minimally processed
Housing should be simple and use no heating or cooling
Walking should be the only means of tansport
Medical treatment should disppear
Live in small groups
Decrease incomes

What is it?
By Daniel , Heather, River,Youngman and Kam
Under sea habitation

Energy production

Micro living

Answers to the question!
Ethical Concerns in Sustainability
1) Do you feel that we are overpopulated?
Nothing can and nothing will be solved in a day, so let us take baby steps
As Paul suggested in her TED talk, we need to begin by educating the public about sex and moreover educate women, not only for themselves, but for the betterment of society.
If these are the answers what is THE question?

Definition provided: taking that which is needed but will not preclude others in the future from acquiring what they need.
The last kings

high densities
successful integration of rail transit investments and urban development
Hong Kong has a highly developed and sophisticated public transport network, which includes two high capacity railways, trams, buses, minibuses, and ferries.

What should Sustainability look like?
Hong Kong
So why should we be concerned with the ethics behind sustainability?

Western Perspective

Non-Western Perspectives
Is sustainability this way even possible?
In order for this to happen we would have to change everyones behaviors and attiudes regarding the issue!
- Anthropocentrism
- Takers

Is it ethical to find solutions for overpopulation?
Hong Kong MTR
(Mass Transit Rail)

~ One of the most efficient, safe, reliable, and affordable systems

~ 4 million passengers per day

~ An average person lives within 500m of an MTR station

Benefits of combining high urban densities and high quality public transport services

produced the highest level of transit usage in the world
substantially driven down the cost of motorized travel.

Which means there is less pollution from vehicles because a convenient transit system like MTR,
encourages the population to take public transit.

Regardless people still trying to be sustainable
Transport in Canada’s urban regions is much less sustainable than transport in Hong Kong, and yet there is more concern about sustainability there.

Being more sustainable may help acceptance of the need for sustainability.

High population density makes transit profitable, so transportation is highly developed in Hong Kong, compared to skytrain in vancouver.

Wait time of buses is less than 5mins in HK, but the buses in Vancouver is much longer.

The downside of high density can be high local concentrations of pollutants. Transport with zero emissions at source is essential for high density development.

Learning from Hong kong
Learning From Hong Kong continued:
True sustainable transport requires sustainable energy.

Very high levels of use of public transport can be sustained with a bus-based system, but resulting pollution levels can be unacceptable.

It’s better to have diesel buses than nothing, but the long-term plan should be for electric vehicles.

The efficiency and convenience of Hong Kong’s astonishing “Octopus Card” help sustain regard for public transport.

History of Sustainability (UN)

1972 Stockholm UN World Conference on Human Environment (need agency and regulations)

1982 Nairobi world Commission on Environment and Development (economic development, 3rd world)

1983, Brundtland Commission
1987 Bruntland Report “Our Common Future” first definition of what is “Sustainable development”.

December, 1992 Rio Un conference on Environment and development (Earth Summit)

2012 Rio +20 conference.

Definitions of sustainability

There are over 300 definitions on sustainability.
Sustainability is a dynamic concept that can mean different things in different contexts.
(Ex. military definition, industrial definition.)
1987 Bruntland Report “Our Common Future”
“Sustainable development is development that meets the need of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own need.”

3 components of sustainability.

Sustainable development= sustainability?

Aftermath-Overpopulation (2010).
A virtual scenario of what will happen when our population is doubled.
Deprivations on resources step by step (Water, food, place to live).

Society not able to supply enough resources, tensions grow . (1~4 year)
May able to stabilize situations for short period of time (by completion of alternative systems on energy and recycling waters and genetically modified crop). (5~6 year)
(sustainable techknowlege)
waters completely dried out , cities are abandoned, people move toward north for water.

Can Sustainability be ultimate solution for overpopulation?

more riders = more shoppers = higher rent = growing network = more riders

Again, less people drive, and more people take transit
Hong Kong MTR
(Mass Transit Rail)
Hong Kong
(pedestrian friendliness)

Short, narrow streets are pedestrian friendly
- offer good opportunities to connect with the surroundings

- Pedestrian accessibility at the street level should always be a priority

- Walkable and livable

- Sense of place and community reduces the use of vehicles, which translates to environmental sustainability

Hong Kong
(pedestrian friendliness)
Why do we need sustainability?
Over population
Limited resources
3) What do you feel is holding us back from population decrease ?
“...the chief cause for the impending collapse of the world - the cause sufficient in and by itself - is the enormous growth of the human population: the human flood. The worst enemy of life is too much life: the excess of human life.”
― Pentti Linkola, Can Life Prevail? - A Radical Approach To The Environmental Crisis
Alexandra Paul
We should stop being so wasteful of valuable resources especially food and oil. Over consumption is just as bad as starvation.
But the truth is that the more and more people are being born. And that will result in more mouths to feed.
Truthfully we cannot tell people not to have children, or enforce a one child per family rule. In many societies actually, the enforcement of that rule may lead to gendercide.
Any questions?
Full transcript