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Transcript of Theater
Michael William Balfe
15 May 1808 - 20 October 1870
Son of multi-talented schoolmaster
The Bohemian Girl
Violin, Baritone, Conductor, Composer
28 Operas, 250 songs
Influence from Abroad
One of the most successful English opera composers
Vorrei parlar, ma l'ira
Written for the coronation year of Queen Victoria for The Queen’s Theatre
Italian Comic Opera (
Well known cast
Words by Manfredo Maggione -- associated with Verdi
Mixed Reviews - Ultimately didn’t survive as a whole
Certain scenes were still performed (
Vorrei parlar, ma l'ira
Revived in 2008 by Ireland
Ah, chi mi dice mai,
Don Giovanni ~
"Ah, who could ever tell me?"
Comedy and seriousness
Starts at second scene with a woman singing about seeking revenge against her lover
1st performance by the Prague Italian Opera in the Teatro di Praga Oct. 29, 1787
January 27, 1756 - December 5, 1791
Born in Salzburg, Austria
Early learning of piano and composition from father, Kapellmeister of an orchestra
Toured with family, learning different styles of music
Met Bach's youngest son, strong influence
Handel's Royal Academy of Music
Hosted by the New Royal Academy of Music
George Friedrich Händel
Feb 23, 1685 - Apr 14, 1759
Born in Halle, Germany
Self-taught harpsichord and pipe organ
Studied multiple instruments and composition from Zachau
Founded the Royal Academy of Music in 1720
Wrote and performed for royalty all over Europe
Zadok the Priest
Chorus and Orchestra
One of four written for King George II of Great Britain
Premiered October 11, 1727 in the Westminister Abbey in London
1 Kings 1:38-40, KJV - Anointing of Solomon as King
First performance was on 26 February 1784 in Hungary.
Haydn himself regarded Armida as his finest opera.
To prevent the capture of Jerusalem by the knights of the First Crusade, The Prince of Darkness has sent the enchantress Armida into the world to seduce the Christian heroes and turn them from their duty. The bravest of these, Rinaldo, has fallen under Armida's spell. She comes to love him so deeply that she cannot bring herself to destroy him.
Born: 31 March 1732 in Austria
Died: 31 May 1809 in Vienna
He was a good friend of Mozart and a teacher of Beethoven
Father of the Symphony and Father of the String Quartet
Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician
His compositions included concertos, operas, piano trios, string quartets, and symphonies
Famous works are The Creation, The Seasons, The Seven Last Words of Christ and etc.
Zadok the Priest, HWV 258,
Coronation Anthems ~
Vorrei parlar, ma l'ira,
Giulio Cesare, HWV 17 ~
Guilio Cesare in Egitto
George Frideric Handel
February 23, 1685-April 14, 1759
Studied organ and and composition with Friedrich Zachow, Giovanni Bononcini and Attilio Ariosti
Famous for his orchestral pieces, committed to dramatic music
Composed operas predominantly activities for over 35 years of his career
Contributed to every musical genres, both vocal and instrumental.
Julius Caesar in Egypt
Written in 1724
Use of castratos vocalists, together with orchestra
Written by Handel to a libretto by Nicola Francesco Haym adapted from Giacomo Francesco Bussani’s
Giulio Cesare in Egitto
Die Zauberflöte, K. 620 ~
Overture from the Magic Flute
September 30, 1791 at Schikaneder's theatre
Shares much of its plot and many of its characters with the Singspiel, Oberon
Composed over 600 works
Composed concertantes, operas, symphonies, chamber music, and chorales
Closer to the end of his life, when he wrote
The Magic Flute
, he wrote his last three symphonies in 1788 (no. 39-41), his final clarinet and piano concertos (K. 595 in B flat and K. 622), a series of string quintets, a motet, and his
Born: February 29, 1792 in Pesaro, Italy.
Died: November 13, 1868 near Paris, France.
His first music school was Bologna’s Philharmonic School, which he began attending at the age of fourteen.
He composed over 220 compositions.
His compositions included operas, choral music, string quartets, songs, and pieces for pianos, or other instruments.
His most famous works were his operas especially The Barber of Seville (1816), Cinderella (1817), and William Tell (1829).
The Barber of Seville
This opera buffa was written in 1816.
The opera premiered on February 20, 1816 in Teatro Argentina in Rome.
It was hated by the first audience, but it was performed a second time to a different audience, who loved it, and it became extremely successful
The instruments used for the overture were two violins, a cello, a viola and a bass.
The Barber of Seville ~
Ah, chi mi dice mai