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North Carolina and the Industrial Revolution
Transcript of North Carolina and the Industrial Revolution
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Where to begin?
Many politicians began to call for reform when they realized that losing population meant losing seats in the Federal Congress and the Electoral College.
Advocates for reform were planters, businessmen and the Whig party.
Those against the reform were Democrats.
Step 1: Improve Traveling
Reduce shipping costs, produce more, and enjoy more money.
Archibald DeBow Murphey, lawyer and planter, planned to improve waterway travel.
created a system of canals and roads to be paid for at the state expense.
President Joseph Caldwell, UNC, added a state-supported railroad.
Governor David Lowry Swain did what he could to achieve these goals some 10 years later.
Railroad, Roads, Communication
the NC Raildroad was not chartered until 1849, another 10 years after the idea was suggested.
Plank roads (AKA farmer railroads) were planks laid across the road to prevent wagons from sinking.
Cotton mills were setup.
Spin cotton into thread before it leaves NC to make it more valuable.
The telegraph was installed in 1848, helping with communication.
Step 3: Banks and Land
Every state had many banks before NC ever had 1.
Banks were essential to provide credit and a money supply.
First state bank in 1810, until this time they were privately owned.
Swamplands were drained in a hope to boost land value, but it actually hurt the land, and its value!
By the 1850s one state leader claimed, "They cannot call us Ole Rip anymore."
In the 1860s NC still had the highest illiteracy rate.
Lowest wages in the nation
Progress was small and the rewards were small.