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Copy of Copy of Impressionism

This presentation will teach about impressionism art.

Christa Schmidt

on 11 December 2010

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Impressionism

IMPRESSIONISM What is Impressionism? Impressionism is a movement in French painting, sometimes called optical realism because of its almost scientific interest in the actual visual experience and effect of light and movement on appearance of objects.
The sudden change in the look of these paintings was brought about by a change in methodology - the Impressionist style of painting emphasized loose imagery rather than finely delineated pictures. The artists of the movement worked mostly outdoors and strived to capture the variations of light at differing times throughout the day. Their color palettes were colorful and they rarely used blacks or grays. Subject matter was most often landscape or scenes from daily life. Impressionists were interested in the use of color, tone, and texture in order to objectively record nature. They emphasized sunlight, shadows, and direct and reflected light. In order to produce vibrant colors, they applied short brush strokes of contrasting colors to the canvas, rather than mixing hues on a palette.
Who was involved in Impressionism? Some of the greatest impressionist artists were Edouard Manet, Camille Pissaro, Edgar Degas, Alfred Sisley, Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot and Pierre Auguste Renoir.

Manet influenced the development of impressionism. He painted everyday objects. Pissaro and Sisley painted the French countryside and river scenes. Degas enjoyed painting ballet dancers and horse races. Morisot painted women doing everyday things. Renoir loved to show the effect of sunlight on flowers and figures. Monet was interested in subtle changes in the atmosphere. Where was impressionism art first created? The history of modern art begins with Impressionism, a movement founded in Paris When was impressionism created? Impressionism was created in the 1860's - 1870's. The first impressionist painting was exhibited in 1863. What critism did the artists recieve? Almost immediately the Impressionists, while searching for their new techniques, had begun to fracture many of the established academic rules of art and at the same time created an enemy of both the art critics and patrons alike. When the small group of French Impressionists banded together, some critics dubbed it as the second French Revolution.
The works of the Impressionists was considered to be " highly unsuitable for the public...the result of mental derangement."
Art critic Louis Leroy summed up the apparent feelings of critics and patrons in a neat little package when he cited that the Impressionist's works are..."hostile to good artistic manner, to devotion to form and respect for the masters." It appears that the biggest thorn in the paws of these critics and patrons resided in the attitude of the artists themselves. The art critics and patrons could not or would not accept the Impressionists beliefs that art should be associated with the real world and a reflection of modern life. What did impressionism lead to? The animosity and wrath that they had created was actually a wall that blocked them from showing and selling their works. The French Impressionists were actually the world's first group of starving artists.

Post-Impressionism developed from Impressionism. From the 1880s several artists began to develop different precepts for the use of colour, pattern, form, and line, derived from the Impressionists. Post-Impressionists extended Impressionism while rejecting its limitations: they continued using vivid colours, thick application of paint, distinctive brush strokes, and real-life subject matter, but they were more inclined to emphasize geometric forms, to distort form for expressive effect, and to use unnatural or arbitrary colour. Thanks to past impressionists... Through sheer determination, perseverance and dedication to their new philosophies the original group of starving artists climbed from the pits of nothingness to have an immense impact on art history forever. Why was this new style of art created? The artists wished to create an art of immediacy and movement, of candid poses and compositions, of the play of light expressed in a bright and varied use of colour. They wanted to re-create the sensation in the eye that views the subject, rather than recreating the subject, and by creating a welter of techniques and forms
Alfred Sisley, Bridge at Villeneuve-la-Garenne, 1872, Edgar Degas, Stage Rehearsal, 1878–1879, Édouard Manet (1832–1883),
Plum, 1878, Armand Guillaumin (1841–1927),
Sunset at Ivry (Soleil couchant à Ivry) 1873, Claude Monet, Water Lilies,
1916, Claude Monet, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), 1872, oil on canvas, Claude Monet painted this Impression Sunrise in 1872. Monet was once asked why he chose the title Impression for the work that became the critical flash point in the first Impressionist exhibition. He answered that he had painted his own impression of the spectacle of a blood red sun cutting through the misty atmosphere rather than a portrait of Le Havre Harbor. Apples and Oranges,
Paul Cezanne Manet
The Races at Longchamp Monet
Regatta at Argenteuil Pissarro
The Boulevard Montmatre at Night THE END!
By: Christa-Lee Schmidt http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/4641 Time Line http://www.biography.com/impressionists/index.jsp Learn about the artists http://wwar.com/masters/movements/impressionism.html http://practicalpages.wordpress.com/free-pages/free-famous-impressionist-artist-wall-chart/ Map of Paris/France - where impressionism first took place.
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