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Technology and Its Effects on Teens' Socialization

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Linda Riedemann

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Technology and Its Effects on Teens' Socialization

Technology and Its Effect on Teens' Socialization
Linda Riedemann
Jieun Chung

Researchers have found conflicting results
when looking at the effects that technology has had on teenagers and the population at large.
Resources
•Worry about the social repercussions of teens’ use of technology has centered on the darker side of online interactions, like cyber-bullying or texting sexually explicit messages. Also, psychologists and other experts are starting to take a look at a less-sensational but potentially more profound phenomenon: whether technology may be changing the very nature of teens’ friendships.
Some Facts...
What do you think?
Balancing the Good with the Bad
Why is this
important?
These are the questions...
•Is all that texting, instant messaging and online social networking allowing teenagers to become more connected and supportive of their friends? Or is the quality of their interactions being diminished without the intimacy and emotional give and take of regular, extended face-to-face time?
What tools do teens use?
If their favorite technological channel of communication disappeared…
How teens use social network sites
Teens and
mobile phones
•Are today’s youths missing out on experiences that help them develop empathy, understand emotional nuances and read social cues like facial expressions and body language?
http://video.foxnews.com/v/1656848141001/unplugging-your-kids/
Most teens text rather than talk
face-to-face with their friends
Research
Positive Effects
•For socially anxious individuals, technology can fulfill a sense of belonging.
•Heavy use of socially interactive technology may cause an increase in confidence in communicating with others face-to-face due to a perception of social support online.
•Some scholars argue that the internet leads to more and better social relationships by freeing people from the constraints of geography or isolation brought on by stigma, illness, or schedule.
•Teenagers’ internet socializing is giving them the technological skills and literacy they need to succeed in the contemporary world. They’re learning how to get along with others, how to manage a public identity, how to create a homepage, etc.
•New media allow for a degree of freedom and autonomy for youth that is less apparent in a classroom setting. Youth respect one another’s authority online, and they are often more motivated to learn from their peers than from adults. The online world is the only place where teens feel that they have freedom of expression, and can really be on their own and be themselves.
Negative Effects
•The use of socially interactive technology to communicate with others greatly reduces face-to-face social interaction and sometimes serves as a substitute for face-to-face communication.
•On average, the more time spent on the internet, the less time spent with friends, family and colleagues in person.
•Those who use the internet primarily for non-interactive purposes (web-surfing) tend to have fewer in-person social ties.
•Some scholars argue that the internet is causing people to become socially isolated and cut off from genuine social relationships, as they hunker alone over their terminals or communicate with anonymous strangers through a socially impoverished medium.
•That people use the internet mainly for interpersonal communication does not imply that their social interactions and relationships on the internet are the same as their traditional social interactions and relationships, or that their social uses of the internet will have effects comparable to traditional social activity. Generally, strong personal ties are supported by physical proximity.
•People who use the internet more subsequently reported larger increases in loneliness, greater number of daily life stressors, and an increase in depression.
• Relational cues emanating from the physical context are missing, as are nonverbal cues regarding voice qualities, bodily movement, facial expressions, and physical appearance. Computer-mediated communication is thus judged to have a narrower bandwidth and less information richness that face-to-face communication.
•English writing skills are being compromised. Too much texting leads to too many abbreviations.
Are teenagers better or worse off with their
interpersonal relationships through the use
of technology?
What do you think is having the worst effect on teens? Is it texting, social networking, emailing, etc.?
Have you had an experience with a "socially
awkward" teenager who doesn't seem to be
able to carry on a conversation? Might they have been texting with their friends instead?
http://mashable.com/2012/07/19/teens-stop-communicating/

http://www.commonsensemedia.org/research/social-media-social-life/key-finding-1%3A-teens-are-avid%2C-daily-users-of-social-media

http://www.mediabistro.com/alltwitter/social-media-teens_b24749

http://pewresearch.org/pubs/118/

http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2011/Teens-and-social-media/Part-1/How-teens-use-social-network-sites.aspx

http://pewinernet.org/Reports/2010/Teens-and-Mobile-Phones.aspx

http://www.microsoft.eu/innovation-in-society/futures/why-teens-really-do-need-social-network-sites.aspx

http://www.dunwoodyumc.org/files/Youth%20Ministry/The_Parent_Link.pdf

http://suite101.com/article/are-social-networking-sites-unhealthy-for-teens-a199105

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/20/us/20internet.html?_r=0

http://www.pbs.org/mediashift/2006/10/finding-balance-in-teen-use-of-social-media293.htm

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=126117811

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/02/fashion/02BEST.html?pagewanted=all
source: AWeber
Source: The Pew Research Center
Source: AWeber
Kraut, R. E., Mukhopadhyay, T., Szczypula, J., Kiesler, S., & Scherlis, W. (1998). Internet paradox a social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being. American Psychologist, 53(9), 1017.

Kujath, C. L. (2011). Facebook and MySpace: Complement or substitute for face-to-face interaction?. Cyberpsychology, Behavior & Social Networking, 14(1/2), 75-78. doi:10.1089/cyber.2009.0311

Lee, P., Leung, L., Lo, V., Xiong, C., & Wu, T. (2011). Internet communication versus face-to-face interaction in quality of life. Social Indicators Research, 100(3), 375-389. doi:10.1007/s11205-010-9618-3

Parks, M. R., & Floyd, K. (1996). Making friends in cyberspace. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 1(4), 0-0. doi: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.1996.tb00176.x

Pierce, T. (2009). Social anxiety and technology: Face-to-face communication versus technological communication among teens. Computers In Human Behavior, 25(6), 1367-1372. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2009.06.003

Small, G. W., & Vorgan, G. (2008). Ibrain: Surviving the technological alteration of the modern mind. (1st ed.). New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

Turkle, S. (2011). Alone together: Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. (1 ed.). New York: Basic Books
Online Sources
Academic Articles
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