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20th Century Problems

Social Studies

Rebecca L

on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of 20th Century Problems

20th Century Problems

Political Machines
A political machine is an organized political party that uses its power in the business industry to gain power in the political world.

They had a large influence on economics
Their goal was to get their own candidates elected into the city government
When they gained control of the city government, they used their new power to make the leaders of the machine rich
They were mostly made up of power-hungry politicians and businessmen
Cultural Benefits
Muckraker(n.)-A journalist who wrote about social, environmental, and political problems Americans faced in the early 1900's.
Positive Effects Of Urbanization
By Asia Luboyeski, Erin Busche, and Rebecca Lawson
Due to the sudden population increase, affordable quality housing was near impossible to find.
cities didn't have enough buildings to house so many people
people lived in crummy apartments called slum tenements
four or more families lived on each floor
buildings were crammed together on streets
NYC housed around 90,000 people per square mile
very little fire protection
indoor plumbing and running water were a luxury
Negative Effects Of Urbanization
the growth of cities

the % of Americans in cities increased dramatically from 1800 to 1900

Causes for urbanization included
creation of city jobs
amusements (theaters, circuses, sports)
social opportunities

People who moved to the cities included
Northern farmers

New Technologies
Name given by President Theodore Roosevelt
Riis was a muckraker in the 20th century
Growing Differences
Life for African Americans
Starting in the 1800's the gap between the rich and poor grew bigger
Some Americans got sudden increases on their wealth.
The rich lived in Mansions on Fifth Avenue.
The middle class lived in comfortable suburban homes.
the working class lived in the city or ethnic neighborhoods.
Diseases were common due to
excess waste pushed into the streets
smoke and smog that filled the streets
unfiltered water
cramped and unclean living quarters

Working conditions also caused health problems.
unprotected blades in factories could injure workers
cotton dust caused lung problems
miners got black-lung disease from the coal

Medicines offered at the time had dangerous ingredients such as

Factories that packed food had little regard for cleanliness.
rodent droppings and remains could be found in meat
toxic chemicals were used to preserve canned goods

At the beginning of the 20th century segregation affected every aspect of their lives.
Even though the 15th amendment protected the equal rights southern states found their way around it.
During 1882-1900 there were many lynchings.
After, many African Americans crowded the North and the numbers have been increasing since.
New comers found much to be excited about in big cities
Theaters, "vaudeville", circuses, and sports, World fairs, and amusement parks
Department stores, museums, parks, education, and theaters were all cultural benefits.
Department stores offered services and goods under one roof and were usually in a convenient location.
Smaller companies established branches so as to reach farther across the country.
Moving into the 20th century was the time for inventors.
Electricity opened up many doors for advancement and technology.
People developed mass transit, elevators, street lighting, water and sewage systems, and buildings could continue to go up in height to the point of "scraping the sky", the now know skyscrapers.
New Technologies, Entertainment, and Cultural Benefits Information Slides:
"Subscription." Subscription. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.learntci.com/shared/sections/4591>.
Urbanization Information Slide:
"PeopleUrbanization of America." Urbanization of America. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013. <http://www.theusaonline.com/people/urbanization.htm>.
Housing Information Slide:
"Tenements." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/tenements>.
Health Information Slide:
"Geography of Health." Making the Modern World. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2013. <http://www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk/learning_modules/geography/05.TU.01/?section=3>.
Political Machines Information Slide:
"Political Machines and Boss Tweed." Political Machines and Boss Tweed. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. <http://www.fasttrackteaching.com/burns/Unit_4_Cities/U4_Tammany_Hall_NYC.html>.
Skyscrapers Image:
Accessed: 11-20-13
Macy's Poster:
Accessed: 11-20-13
Muckraker photo, 11/14/2013
Rich/ poor photo, 11/15/2013
Urbanization Picture, 11/16/2013
Slum Picture, 11/15/2013
Hospital Picture, 11/17/2013
Political Machine Picture, 11/18/2013
African Americans Picture, 11/18/2013
Vaudeville Picture, 11/18/2013

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