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How did WWI change America socially, economically, and militarily?

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Ashlie M

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of How did WWI change America socially, economically, and militarily?

How did WWI change America socially economically, and militarily?
Getting Motivated
President Wilson declared that belligerency would require "the organization and mobilization of all the material resources of the country." Indeed, the government worked hard to get both the hearts and minds of the American public behind the war effort.
"World War I;the Economy." American Decades. 2001. "World War I and the Economy." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 1 Jan. 2001. Web. 20 Feb. 2014. <http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3468300384.html>.
Citations(Ashlie 11-18)
When the war began
When the war began, the U.S. economy was in recession. But a 44-month economic boom ensued from 1914 to 1918, first as Europeans began purchasing U.S. goods for the war and later as the United States itself joined the battle.
"The Economics of World War I." The Economics of World War I. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2014. <http://www.nber.org/digest/jan05/w1058
What is Social Change?
The Rough Riders
Social change is the alteration within the social structure of a person, place, or thing.
The Rough Riders were a very important part of American military history. They were a cavalry who were poorly trained and yet helped significantly in the capturing of San Juan Hill.
Supply & Demand
At first the people envisioned a short war. However, as the war continued the supply and Demand began to increase. The people then had to make adjustments to meet the demand of the military.
The Rough Riders used low tech guns and barely had horses for the Generals and high rank officers to ride. So the cavalry traveled on foot with low tech guns and knifes acquiring a machine gun or two along the way.
Cars became more and more common during WW1 because people had the money to buy so.
Economic and Social Aspects of World War I." HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2014. <http://history.howstuffworks.com/world-war-i/economic-and-social-aspects-of-world-war-i.htm>.
War Tactics During The Spanish- American war
The Boosted War Economy
Governments established special agencies to direct their economies. These agencies assumed complete control over raw materials, labor, and transportation. The government dictated its needs to industry and then allocated the necessary resources for production.
New Methods
Not only did the war cause drastic changes in economic production, it also required new methods of financing that production. The government, because of its massive purchases of armaments, replaced the individual household as the chief consumer of the nation's goods and services.
The boosted war economy in America allowed people to buy more things. Before WW1 many people had a hard time sustaining life. Now, Americans had the money for more leisure activities and more stuff as well.
The Rough Riders used the stadard of that time which was fire shots and when you think you can, charge! Although with the added machine guns
It was hard to charge and take over becuase with machine guns you could mow down 100 guys in less than 5 minutes. That was the first sign we were going to need new tacticts
Trench Warfare
Because WWI was such an immense conflict, the entire economy had to be refocused on the war effort. The shift from producing consumer goods to war supplies war to big of a job for small companies, this lead to businesses and government joining. The government took the lead. The power of national government was greatly expanded.
"04.05 Examine the impact World War I had on the United States. (U.S. History)." Welcome to the Utah Electronic High School. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2014. <https://share.ehs.uen.org/node/24292>.
By the wars end, each side had dug at least 12,000. The first major trench lines were completed in late November 1914. Trench warfare combined with machine guns, granades and more accurate, more powerful guns caused a stalemate in WWI.
The trenches consisted of three main parts. There the front line which is the firing line, several hundred yards back was the support trench that could immediately support the front line with men and supplies. Last was the reserve trench which had emergency men and supplies in case the first trenches were run over.
The guns of the Spanish American war
War Weapons of WWI
In WWI one of the weapons used was the Machine gun. It usually took 4-6 men to work it and had to be on a flat surface. Also it had the firing power of 100 guns. There was also large field guns which took up to 12 men to work them but it could fire long range and delivered devistating blows to the enemy.
Gas and the Zeppelin
Gas was a more effective way to put out your enemy than the Zeppelin was. With mustard gas(a colorless gas) it takes 12 hours to take full effect and when it does it causes blisters, vometing, sore eyes, internal and exterrnal bleeding and can take up to 3 weeks to die. Chloriene gas was another comon one that caused cheast pains and a burning sensation in the cheast. The only real problem with chloriene gas is that if the weather and wind isnt just right youll end up killing your own troops.
The Zepplin was used early in the war to drop bombs. But the americans were okay with this tactic that was used by the Germans because they were easy to shoot down. That's why the Americans never used them.
Planes, Tanks and Torpedos
Tanks were first used in WWI. They were made to cope with the conditions of Somme. The first ones could carry 3 men. It was called "Little Willie" and run at 3mph but could not cross trenches.
Planes were also used for the first time and were at first to drop bombs and spy but soon became fightercrafts armed with machiene guns, bombs and sometimes cannons.
Torpedoes were used on ships to blow up ships carrying supplies from America to Britten. This is what blew up the American passenger liner 'Lusitania' in 1915. Which is a cause the Americans joined the war in 1917.
The conclusion of this is that war changed so much in the small time between the Spanish American war and WWI. The weapons got bigger and could finally do more damage but is that what won the war? Or was it just the brains behind it all with a little luck, perseverance and moral?
Women Roles in WW1
During WW1 women played important roles. For example, some women went over seas to Europe to take care of the wounded.
Women's Roles Continued
The Great Migration
Casey's Citations
"Buffalo Bill, Rough Riders, and the Manly Image." Buffalo Bill, Rough Riders, and the Manly Image. http://segonku.unl.edu/~brogers/bbww/analysis/rrr/rrrinbbww.php (accessed March 2, 2014).
Slide 1
Slide 2
"The Rough Riders Storm San Juan Hill, 1898." The Rough Riders Storm San Juan Hill, 1898. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/roughriders.htm (accessed March 2, 2014).
Slide 3
PBS. "Great War." PBS. http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch1_trench.html (accessed March 1, 2014).
Slide 4
"NRA Museum." NRA Museum. http://www.nramuseum.org/media/940555/guns%20of%20spanam%20war.pdf (accessed March 2, 2104).

Slide 5,6,7
"World War One - Weapons." World War One - Weapons. http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW1/weapons.htm (accessed February 28, 2014).
Rebekah Citations for slides 1-9
Form, William. "social change (sociology)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/550924/social-change (accessed March 15, 2014).
"America Turns Inward After World War One." American History: (VOA Special English 2006-05-03). http://www.manythings.org/voa/history/163.html (accessed March 15, 2014).

"America Turns Inward After World War One." American History: (VOA Special English 2006-05-03). http://www.manythings.org/voa/history/163.html (accessed March 15, 2014).
The Great Migration happened during WW1. Due to the Jim Crow Laws, many African-American southerners moved up North, where many jobs were opening. By the end of WW1 25% of African Americans were left in the South
A&E Television Networks. "Great Migration." History.com. http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/great-migration (accessed March 13, 2014).
During the Great Migration African Americans travled to the North mostly by plane, car, train, bus,
and occasionally walking.
History Cookbook." Life in Edwardians and WW1. http://cookit.e2bn.org/historycookbook/22-111-Life-in-edwardians-and-ww1.html (accessed March 15, 2014).
Another social change was the fashion. For example, before WW1 women would change up to 3 times a day. During WW1, women took after a more simple look. This was widely in part to the conservation of materials to go to "the boys at war."
Social Change Conclusion
During WW1 there was a lot of social change. Many people moved, many people got rights, and many people died. That about sums it up.
One of the effects of WWI was that women got more employment. During the war the women had a huge impact. When America realized that they needed them they decided women were fit to work.
Effects Cont.
Many of the effects, effected all Americans. There were rations on the people so that America could afford the war. Also after the war America went into debt. This also effected Americans because of the raise of taxes to pay off the debt.
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