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Copy of Georgia's 3 Branches of Government

an easy way to understand GA's Government
by

Tira Bearden

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Georgia's 3 Branches of Government


Georgia's Executive
Branch Georgia's Legislative
Branch Georgia's Judicial
Branch Georgia's 3 Branches of Government The largest branch of state government is the Executive branch. The Governor The Lieutenant Governor The executive branch has
2 main
offices Qualifications to become a Governor in Georgia Must be 30
years old Citizen of US for
15 years and GA resident
for at least 6 years Governor is
elected by popular vote
for a four year term The Governor can only
serve for 2 consecutive
years. After the 2 terms,
the person must wait
4 years to run again. Qualifications to become the Lieutenant Governor Must be a US citizen for 15 years and a GA resident for at least 6 years Must be 30 years old Unlike the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor can serve for an unlimited amount of terms What is Georgia's
government like? Formal powers
of the
Governor Managing the
state's budget Making sure criminal and civil laws are enforced Serving as Commander in Chief for the Georgia National Guard Appointing state officials Other powers include Legislative, Executive, and Judicial powers Informal powers of the governor include: Communicating to the public
Acting as honorary head of his/her political party
Representing state in meetings
Issuing proclamations If the Governor dies, resigns, or is impeached, the Lieutenant Governor becomes the state chief executive. In the event that both the Governor and Lt. Governor die or resign, the Speaker of the House becomes chief executive until the next election. Powers of the Lieutenant governor May affect passage or failure of some Senate bills Makes Senate committee appointments Recognizes members of Senate who wish to speak Assigns Senate bills to committees Other elected officials in Georgia State Attorney General
Commissioner of Agriculture
Commissioner of Labor
Commissioner of Insurance
Public Service Commissioners
Secretary of
State
State School Superintendent Other officials not elected, also known as Statuary officials, are appointed by either the governor or head of directing boards of the department in which they serve. Some examples of these officials include:
- The State Board of Pardons and Paroles
- Board of Natural Resources
- Board of Human Resources
- Board of Public Safety So, what's next? I finally understand! Criminal Laws Civil Laws Laws involving disputes between two or more persons or groups Laws involving violations of the law Georgia's Judicial Branch of government consists of the state courts. the courts enforce constitutional laws, statutory laws (passed by General Assembly), administrative laws (regulations of agencies), and case laws (interpretations of written laws). The role of the Judicial Branch is to:
interpret state constitution
protect citizen's legal rights
enforce state laws Supreme Court
(7 justices)
These justices are elected by popular vote to six-year terms. Court of Appeals
(12 judges)
These judges are elected to six-year terms. Superior Court
State Court Qualifications: Senate: Must be 25 years of age at the time of the eletion Georgia's House of Representatives: Must be 21 years old to run for this position Terms:
Both serve unlimited two year terms Both Must serve two-year consecutive terms (no term limits) be United States citizens and citizens of Georgia for at least two years have been a legal resident of the district they want to represent for at least one year Election Both are:
elected by popular vote To preside over meetings of their chambers is chief responsibility Duties requiring members to attend sessions in order to have a quorum deciding which leader has the right to the floor determining order of business referring proposed legislation to committees ruling out proposed amendments ordering a roll call vote on any issue How does a bill become a law in Georgia? Proposal submitted to clerk. Copies of bill given to legislators (house or senate). Bill is assigned to committee. Committe considers bill and may hold public meetings. Bill voted out of committee and sent to chamber (house or senate). Legislators debate bill, may make changes, and vote on passage. Certified bill is sent to other chamber (senate or house) for consideration. Bill is assigned to committee... Bill voted out of committee and sent to chamber... Legislators debate bill, may make changes, and vote on passage. If passed in same form, bill is sent to governor. Governor may sign bill, veto it, or let it become law without signature. If vetoed, the legislature may, by two-thirds vote of each house, override the veto and the bill becomes law. Courts Leadership Speaker of the House
Majority Leader
Minority Leader
Floor Leader Lieutenant Governor
President Pro Tempore Committees Standing Committees: permanent committes lasting from one session to the next.
INCLUDES: Ways and Means Committee (handles bills involving taxes), Judiciary Committee (deals with bills concerning the state's laws and court systems. Interim Committee: a special committee that works on assigned issues and concerns between sessions of the legislature. Conference Committee: a special committee that is appointed when the house and senate pass different versions of a bill. Joint Committee: a special committee that is made up of members from both houses and works on an assigned topic or issue. Jurisdictions:
Probate Court: deals with the wills and estates of deceased persons
Magistrate Court: can only hear civil cases involving sums of under $15,000. Terminology: Supreme Court: the highest ranking court in the Georgia court system Felony:
A serious crime punishable by a year or more in prison, a fine of at least $1,000, or both Misdemeanor:
a less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison, a fine of less than $1,000, or both. Court of Appeals:
the second highest ranking court state court Trial Courts:
courts below the appellate courts that hear original cases Jurisdiction: the range of actions over which the court has control or influence Grand Jury: determines whether or not persons accused of crimes should be officially charged and required to stand trial Trial Jury:
a group of citizens who are charged with judging a person charged with crime Probate Court Magistrate Court A chief magistrate is either elected or appointed in each county as determined by local legislation. Superior court judges are elected for four-year terms. State court judges are elected to four-year terms in countywide elections. Each probate judge is elected for a term of four years in countywide elections. (188 judges) (105 judges) (159 judges) (159 chief magistrates) Steps in the Criminal Justice Process Investigation and Arrest or Citation Initial Appearance Preliminary Hearing or Trial Hearing Arraignment and Plea Discovery and Plea Negotiations Trial Sentencing
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