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American Revolutionary War Timeline Project
Transcript of American Revolutionary War Timeline Project
This treaty was signed in Paris on February 10, 1763. The treaty ended the Franco-British conflict of the Seven Years War. France renounced to Britian all the mainland of North America east of the Mississippi, while Spain ceded east and west Florida to the British and got Louisiana in return. Slowly the French population began to shrink due to their lack of land in the Americas.
February 10, 1763
The Proclamation Line of 1763
At the end of the Seven Years War, the British issued a proclamation to close down westward colonial expansion. This forbid even private citizens and colonial governments to buy land or make any agreements with the Natives. Leaving the emipre to conduct all official relations. The reason for this proclamation was to protect the colonist from Native attacks.
American Revolutionary War Timeline
April 5, 1764
Passed by Parliment as the 1763 Sugar and Molasses Act expired. The Sugar Act reduced rate of tax on molasses and listed more foreign goods to be taxed. Effect of Molasses Tax was a decline in the rum industry. This also reduced trade with many other islands and countries which disrupted colonial economy by reducing the markets to which colonies could sell and the amount of currency granted to them for the purchase of British manufactures goods.
Committees of Correspondence
This was the American colonist means for maintaining communication lines in years before the revolutionary war. The Committees of Correspondence formed to encourage opposition to Britian's stiffening of customs enforcement and prohibition of American paper money.
March 22, 1765
The Stamp Act required colonist to buy a stamp for every piece of printed paper they used, newspapers, legal documents, etc. The purpose of this newly enforced taxation was to collect money to help pay cost of defending and protecting American frontier near the Appalachian mountians. Colonist saw this as England's attempt to raise money in the colonies with out representation. Although, colonist were not so much angered about the cost as they were the standard of the act.
March 24, 1765
An act established by the government forcing the colonist to house, feed, and care for the troops who currently were not in battle. Again, the colonist were not so much angered by the cost of the taxation, but angered by the standard of requirement.
Sons/ Daughters of Liberty
In the early summer of 1765, a group of Boston shop keepers began meeting to prepare for the agitation against the Stamp Act. The men began to meet in Taverns for meetings/ rally's led by Samuel and John Adams. The women on the other hand would gather for spinning parties, where they met in each others houses to discuss political means from a women's point of view.
The Declaratory Act
March 18, 1766
An act created for the better securing the dependency of his Majesty's dominions in America upon the crown and parliament of Great Britain.
Focused parliament's relationship to a growing empire.
Introduced by Charles Townshend the act imposed duties on glass, lead, paper, and tea imported into colonies. Many colonist saw this as the governments abuse of power. Townshend introduced this act in hope it would defray imperial expenses in the colonies. Yet in 1770 parliment repealed all Townshend duties except tax on tea.
Battles for the Carolinas
1771 marked the beginning of the many years of battles between North and South Carolina. The battles clearly began by the issues with the colonist on the new taxation laws and the control that they felt by the government. The battles lasted until 1779.
The Tea Act
May 10, 1773
Launched the final spark to the revolutionary movement in Boston. This was not intended to raise revenue but to prop up the East India Company after a period of floundering and burdening with 18 million pounds of unsold tea. This tea was shipped directly to colonies and sold at bargain price. This was mainly imposed on the local merchants' businesses.
Boston Tea Party
December 16, 1773
This was a result of "Taxation without representation" by the government onto the colonist. The colonist felt the government was unfairly taxing them for the expenses incurred during the Seven Years War. The boycott led to the colonist dumping 342 crates of tea into the harbor and refusing to purchase and consume tea.
Coercive Acts/ Intolerable Acts
March 28, 1774
A series of 4 acts established by the British Government:
1. Boston Port Act: Closed the port of Boston until the damage from the Boston Tea Party was repaid.
2. Massachusetts Government Act: Restricted town meetings and turned the government council into an appointed body.
3. Administration of Justice Act: Made British officals immune to the criminal prosecution.
4. Quartering Act: Required colonist to house and quarter British troops on demand.
5. Quebec Act: Later on was added for freedom of catholic worship in Canada.
The acts were aimed to restore order in Massachusetts and punish the Bostionians for their the tea party.
The government expected all other colonies to drop their rule, instead the other colonies provided the colonist under the Acts with the goods they had to rid of once these Acts came into place.
1st Continental Congress
September 5- October 26, 1774
The congress first met in Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia. They presented to unite in a determination to show a combined authority to Great Britain. Pennsylvannia and New York sent delegates with firm instruction to seek resolution with England. Other colonies vocied in defense of colonial rights. Considered a plan of union of Great Britian and the colonies. This was a continental equivalent to the English Parliment. A president general was appointed to represent the authority of the King in America. The congress became most effective on December 1, 1774.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
April 19, 1775
Marked the first military engagement of the American Revolutionary War. The battle was fought within Middlesex county within the towns of Lexington and Concord. This battle marked the oubreak of open armed conflict between the kingdom of Great Britian and 13 of it's colonies on the mainland of British America. The first shot fired by Patriots at North Bridge is known as the "shot heard around the world".
2nd Continental Congress
May 10, 1775
A convention of delegates from the 13 colonies first met in the summer of 1775 soon after the warfare of the Revolutionary War had begun. The congress moved towards adopting the Decleration of Independence. They acted as the "de facto" national government of what became the United States. Some of the members included Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock and Thomas Jefferson. Hancock being desginated the president of the congress.
Battle of Bunker Hill
June 17, 1775
The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought during the seige of Boston in the early stages of the American Revolutionary War. The battle was between the Rebels and the Patriots. About 1,200 colonial troops were under command of William Prescott, the rebel general. With a British victory, about 226 were killed and 800 were wounded. The battle was considered a colonial defeat but the losses suffered by the British Troops gave encouragement to the colonist.
Olive Branch Petition
July 5, 1775
Adopted by the 2nd Continental Congress in a final attempt to avoid a war between the 13 colonies. The petition affirmed American loyalty to Great Britain and entreated the King to prevent further conflict. The petition was followed by the July 6 Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms, making it an improbable success in London.
Thomas Paine's Common Sense
January 9, 1776
Common Sense was first published annonomously on January 9, 1776 and it was constructed as a sermon. He challenged the authority of the British Government and Royal Monarchy. This was the first work to openly ask for independence from Great Britain. The work explained advantages of and the need for independence in plain, simple language.
Virginia Declaration of Rights
May 15, 1776
Largely the work of George Mason, the Virginia Declaration of Rights declared the united colonies free and to become independent states. This Declaration appointed the committee to draw up the Declaration of Independence and also carried out the framing of Virginia's first state constitution. This was used as a model for Bill of Rights and source of the French Declaration of the rights of man and the citizen.
Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776
The first annoucement that the 13 colonies regarded themselves as 13 newly independent states. This marked no longer a part of the British Empire. Thus forming the United States of America. The push for independence was led by John Adams. Adams and the committee persuaded Thomas Jefferson to compose the original draft of the document.
Battle for New York
August 27, 1776
The first major battle to take place after the United States declared indpendence. In terms of troop deployment and fighting, it was the largest battle of the enitre war. General George Washington brought the Continental Army to defend the Port City of New York, then limited to the Southern end of Manhattan. British troops, led by William Howe, stationed on Staten Island bringing their troops to 32,000 men. The British drove Washington and the Contiental Army completly out of New York after several defeats.
March 5, 1770
All began from a street fight between a "Patriot" mob throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soliders. A riot began when about 50 citizens attacked a British Sentinel which led to the calling in of more British Soliders which resulted in more death of the colonist. The massacre being a significant event leading to the Revolutionary War. This also led to the Royal Govenor evacuating the occupying army from the town of Boston.
Battles of Trenton and Princeton
January 3, 1777
General George Washington's revolutionary forces were stationed in Princeton, NJ. George Washington repulsed a British attack at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek in Trenton. The British abandoned many of their post in New Jersey and retreated his troops to New Brunswick. Americans began to loot the abandoned British supply wagons and the town itself.
Battle of Saratoga
September 19, 1777
The battle of Saratoga lasted for 18 days and is considered a major turning point for the American Revolutionary War. This marked the small victory of the British over the American forces but then loses this victory due to another failed attack on the Americans. The American victory convinced the French Government to formly recognize the colonist cause and to enter the war as their ally.
December 19, 1777
The military camp for the American Continental Army, led by George Washington. The troops settled here for the winter of 1777-1778 for protection and sturdy grounds after many battles with the British. Although, starvation, disease, malnutrition and exposure killed over 2,500 Americans by the end of February 1778.
Battle for Philadelphia
Between the years of 1777-1778, this battle was the British initiative in the American Revolutionary War for control of Philadelphia. General William Howe defeated the Continental Army once again and gained control of Philadelphia.
No specified date
Battles of Savannah and Charleston
September 16 - October 18, 1779
British began to focus conflict more to the South because they believed loyalist support in that region would be stronger. British General Augustine Prevost and American General Benjamin Lincoln began to post small campaigns all long Charleston. With the help of the French, Lincoln and 2,000 men departed Charleston to head for Savannah. October 18th, Lincoln and his men abandoned their attempted seige on Savannah and retreated back to Charleston. Later that next year in May, the British came back and seiged Charleston leaving them in their second victory.
Articles of Confederation
March 1, 1781
Drafted by the 2nd Continental Congress, this Article served as the first Constitution within all 13 colonies. The Article replaced the U.S. Constitution and created a system for the Continental Congress to direct the American Revolutionary War, create diplomacy with Europe and to resolve territorial issues and Native American relations.
Battle of Yorktown
September 28 - October 19, 1781
After Cornwallis lost control of the South, he marched North to Yorktown in attempt for control. The Americans move back in and attacked the British without warning resulting in easy American domination. Cornwallis and his men surrendered and marched out leaving the Americans in victory.
Treaty of Paris
September 3, 1783
This treaty ended the American Revolutionary War. Signed by representatives of both America and Britain, the treaty relinquished British claims to U.S. government, property and territorial rights. The intention of the treaty was for both parties to "forget all past misunderstandings and differences and to secure both perpetual peace and harmony."