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Citizenship in the World Merit Badge

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by

Joy Moody

on 24 September 2013

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Transcript of Citizenship in the World Merit Badge

Citizenship in the World Merit Badge
Requirement #1
Explain what citizenship in the world means to you and what you think it takes to be a good world citizen.
Requirement #2
Explain how one becomes a citizen of the United States, and explain the rights, duties and obligations of U.S. citizenship. Discuss similarities and differences between the rights, duties and obligations of U.S. citizens and the citizens of two other countries.
Homework: Requirement 3A
Pick a current world event. In relation to this current event, discuss with your counselor how a country's national interest, history and its relationship with other countries might affect areas such as its security, its economy, its values and the health of its citizens.
U.S. Citizenship
How to become a citizen?
Apply for citizenship
Take citizenship exam
Be sworn in as a United States citizen
www.us-immigration.com

Rights, Duties & Responsibilities
Right to vote, run for public office, prompt & fair trial, worship as you wish
Support the Constitution, participate in the democratic process, respect & obey federal, state and local laws, pay income taxes & other taxes properly.
www.uscis.gov
China Citizenship
South Africa Citizenship
Requirement 3B
Explain international law and how it differs from national law. Explain the role of international law and how international law can be used as a tool for conflict resolution.
Requirement 4C
Select two (2) of the following organizations and
describe their role in the world.

The United Nations
The World Health Organization
Homework Requirement 3B
Select a foreign country and discuss with your counselor how its geography, natural resources and climate influence its economy and its global partnerships with other countries.
Requirement 5
Do the following:
Discuss the differences between constitutional and non-constitutional governments.
Name at least five different types of governments currently in power in the world.
Show on a world map countries that use each of these five different forms of government.
Constitutional
Non-Constitutional
5 Different Types of Government
1. Autocracy--unlimited power to govern in hands of one ruler.
Example: Saudi Arabia
2. Oligarchy--unlimited power to govern in hands of a few persons or a minority.
Example: Mayanmar (Burma)
3. Democracy--unlimited power to govern in the hands of the majority of a country's citizens.
Example: United States of America
4. Republic--limited power to govern in hands of elected representatives
Example: France
5. Theocracy--government ruled by one or more religious leaders.
Example: Vatican City
United Nations

World Health Organization
Requirement 6A
Explain how a government is represented abroad and how the United States government is accredited to international organizations.
Requirement 6B
Describe the roles of the following in the
conduct of foreign relations:
Ambassador
Consul
Bureau of International Information Programs
Agency for International Development
United States & Foreign Commercial Service
Homework: Requirements 6C & 7A
6C
Explain the purpose of a passport and visa for international travel.

7A
Visit the website of the U.S. State Department. Learn more about an issue you find interesting that is discussed on the website.
www.state.gov
Requirement 7C
Visit with a student or Scout from another country and discuss the typical values, holidays, ethnic foods, and traditions practiced or enjoyed there.
Right to life, equality, human dignity
Freedom of expression
Freedom of religion
Freedom of association
Political rights
Right to peaceful assembly
Right to environment being protected
Right of access to information
Right to fair administrative action
Right to vote
International Law
National Law
Equal before the law
Right to vote if 18 years or older.
Religious freedom.
Right to criticize and make suggestions to national organizations.
Chartered in 1945
Multinational organization established to ensure nations would work together
It is neither government or a nation=no sovereign power
192 nations are members
Goals include maintain peace, promote cooperation in solving problem.
Started in 1948
Direction & coordination authority for health in the U.N. system.
Responsible for providing leadership on global health issues, health research, standards, providing support and assessing health trends.
Government must meet 3 requirements:
Limited Power
government cannot exceed power
Higher Law
constitution is highest law in land.
individual rights are protected.
limitations on power
Constitutional Stability
cannot be changed without consent
An authoritarian government in which the authority to rule rests in the hands of an autocratic leader or an oligarchy.

Not constitutionally bound nor responsible to the people; government rules without restraint or limitation; remains in power as long as it pleases or overthrown.
Consists of all the rules, principles, customs and agreements that nations accept as having the force of law

Applied to the following:
International Conventions & Treaties
International Customs
General Principles of Law
Comity of Nations

Difficult to enforce
National law is a law or group of laws that apply to a single country or nation, within a determined territory and its inhabitants.

National law cannot be applied outside the borders of the country it pertains to.

Law upheld by court system.
Governments are represented abroad in several ways:

1. Official government representatives in official capacity.

2. Citizens traveling to foreign countries.

3. Olympic athletes
United States Accreditation
Right of Legation--the right to send and receive diplomatic representatives

In order to be recognized as a legal representative in a foreign nation, a diplomat must present credentials to the foreign government or governing body.

What are credentials?
formal letter from the home nation
states that individual is official designate of the head of state
Full transcript