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The Neurobiology of Meditation

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on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of The Neurobiology of Meditation

& Clinical Application Meditation Definitions Mindfulness Broad Categories Voluntary focusing of attention on a chosen object Research Lazar et al., 2005 - Cortical Thickness
Structural Changes:
Sensory, Cognitive & Emotional Of note... Clinical
Interventions Mindfulness Based Stress reduction (MBSR)
Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)
Segal, Teasdale, Williams
Dialectic Behavior Therapy (DBT)
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Hayes, Strosahl, Wilson Resources
A family of self-regulation practices that focus on training attention and awareness in order to bring mental processes under greater voluntary control and thereby foster general mental well-being and development and/or specific capacities such as calm, clarity, and concentration.
Meditation Paying attention in a particular way, on purpose, in the present moment, and non-judgmentally.
Walsh & Shapiro, 2006 Kabat-Zinn, 1994 Goldin, 2008 Regain Attentional Focus Follow Breath Attention
Mindless Wandering
Dozing/Lethargy Attention
Open awareness
Flow Attitude
Curiosity Intention
Stress/sxs reduction
Increase well-being
Self-exploration Process Model of Mindfulness Meditation Distraction Focused Attention (Concentrative) Open Awareness Non-reactive monitoring of the content of experience from moment to moment (Mindfulness Meditation) Newberg & Iverson, 2003

Luders et al., 2012
Cortical Gyrification Hasenkamp & Barsalou, 2012
Functional Connectivity Mindfulness Meditation; Small n
Activation of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, visual cortex, superior frontal sulcus, supplementary motor area, and intraprietal sulcus
Areas of brain involved in:
self awareness, attention and emotion
Long-term training - sustained effects
Short-term training -
coping with stress, negative affect and trauma
significant increase in alpha and theta activity
increased gray matter in areas involved in learning and memory processes, emotion regulation and self-referential processing
left hippocampus
posterior cingulate cortex
temporo-parietal junction
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