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The Neurobiology of Meditation

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on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of The Neurobiology of Meditation

Neuroscience
& Clinical Application Meditation Definitions Mindfulness Broad Categories Voluntary focusing of attention on a chosen object Research Lazar et al., 2005 - Cortical Thickness
Structural Changes:
Sensory, Cognitive & Emotional Of note... Clinical
Interventions Mindfulness Based Stress reduction (MBSR)
Kabat-Zinn
Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)
Segal, Teasdale, Williams
Dialectic Behavior Therapy (DBT)
Linehan
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Hayes, Strosahl, Wilson
http://marc.ucla.edu/

www.contextualpsychology.org

www.umassmed.edu/cfm/home Resources
A family of self-regulation practices that focus on training attention and awareness in order to bring mental processes under greater voluntary control and thereby foster general mental well-being and development and/or specific capacities such as calm, clarity, and concentration.
Meditation Paying attention in a particular way, on purpose, in the present moment, and non-judgmentally.
Walsh & Shapiro, 2006 Kabat-Zinn, 1994 Goldin, 2008 Regain Attentional Focus Follow Breath Attention
Ruminate/Worry
Mindless Wandering
Fantasizing
Dozing/Lethargy Attention
Concentration
Open awareness
Calm
Flow Attitude
Self-Judgment
Self-Criticism
Kindness
Curiosity Intention
Stress/sxs reduction
Increase well-being
Self-exploration Process Model of Mindfulness Meditation Distraction Focused Attention (Concentrative) Open Awareness Non-reactive monitoring of the content of experience from moment to moment (Mindfulness Meditation) Newberg & Iverson, 2003
Model

Luders et al., 2012
Cortical Gyrification Hasenkamp & Barsalou, 2012
Functional Connectivity Mindfulness Meditation; Small n
Activation of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, visual cortex, superior frontal sulcus, supplementary motor area, and intraprietal sulcus
Areas of brain involved in:
self awareness, attention and emotion
Long-term training - sustained effects
Short-term training -
coping with stress, negative affect and trauma
EEG:
significant increase in alpha and theta activity
Neuroimaging:
increased gray matter in areas involved in learning and memory processes, emotion regulation and self-referential processing
left hippocampus
posterior cingulate cortex
temporo-parietal junction
cerebellum
Full transcript