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the hippie movement
Transcript of the hippie movement
Many young men and women gave up structured styles of the 1950's to dress more colorful and freely .Girls wore their hair down while men grew their beard .What made hippies distinct from everyone else was the way they mixed clothes and styled their hair from everyone else , the attention this attracted was meant to transmit a message of freedom and peace. This message was to let everyone know that it was okay express themselves and be proud of who they were.
"a time of change "
peace, love, unity, respect, & freedom
In the 1950's, people were organized and conformed to the culture at that time. These people followed law and order; dressed in a professional matter ..."dressed for success". This all changed in the 1960's.
The 1960's was a time of great change , which revolved around the idea of free spirit and individualism.
The change was the COUNTERCULTURE Movement, which was mainly led by the youth.
The 1960s was a period when long held values and norms in society started to deteriorate and were opposed.
The movement was showcased by the youth.
The youth started to question politics because of wars ; such as, the Vietnam War.
College students became activists of the civil rights movement and antiwar organizations.
Some young people dropped out of school and separated themselves from mainstream culture through their appearance and lifestyle .
The youth turned on traditional practices and religion to focus on individuality and peace. 3
These individuals were known as....
These were former "baby boomers," whom dropped out of the political life and became known as Hippies. 2
Hippies promoted peace, love, unity, respect (PLUR), and freedom.
Experimented with different style of dress.
Listened to free spirited music.
Developed a different attitude towards sex.
Used plenty of drugs.
This change in society became known as the "generation gap" because of the lack of communication between the old and youth.
Cultural and political
Drugs and sex
Style and music
"hippies often adopted adopted the dress of working people ,including blue jeans,plain cotton shirts,peasant blouses,and other simple garments "
Music was highly free spirited and danced to wildly. Lyrics had incorporated variety of political,social, philosophical, and literary influences.
Famous artists/bands were:
The Rolling Stones
These artists were often seen in concerts where Hippies came together to enjoy peacefully, sexually and hooked up on drugs. 3
Woodstock music and art Festival.
Held in upstate New York in August 1969
Labeled as "three days of peace,music ,and love"
300,000 t0 400,00 attendants
Despite the massive crowds ,there were no serious issues.
There were weather issues like rain and heat.
Police avoided confrontations and there was medical care available for drug related emergencies.
Police didn't enforce drug laws
Hippies enjoyed the festival freely
Was shown in television by media coverage from reporters
Altamont turned out not to be "peaceful".
Altamont Speedway festival was held in California
300,00 people attended to gather for a concert held by The Rolling Stones
Promoters failed to attain enough security , the Stones decided to hire a band of Hell's Angels.
Hell's Angles: a lawless motorcycle gang ( still present today)
As the Hell's Angels were hired for crowd control, the gang used plenty of violence.
The gang ended up beating one man to death .This action contradicted the purpose of the movement of peace.
Individuals also suffered from drug overdose and caused plenty of deaths.
This event seemed like a turning point that peace doesn't last and caused the counterculture to decline.
Those who opposed the Hippie movement found that the generation was corrupted. Drugs and sex portrayed a childish reaction towards society. To opposes of the counterculture, events like Woodstock , portrayed a rejection of morals and values.
Altamont Free Concert - Death of Meredith Hunter
MAKE LOVE NOT WAR!
Hippies experimented with a variety of drugs like: marijuana, LSD, acid ,mushrooms and pills.
Drugs were constantly used and experimented in concerts.
Used to feel "free," and "out of the body"
Timothy Leary, a professor in Harvard promoted the use of LSD.
The sense of freedoms drugs provided to individuals eventually led to drug overdose and addiction.
Drugs really motivated the idea of "free spirit " sex, which later on developed a series of transmitted disease.
Ken Kensey and the Merry Pranksters( writing graduates from Stanford) : traveled across the United States in a psychedelic painted school bus called "Furthur", where they had the bus full of drugs to introduce to people they came across with.
The bus contained plenty of LSD 3
Ken Kesey on his Magic Bus
In the 1960's, the 'hippies' began to reject traditional relationships. They believed that sex should be separate to family tie. Often many hippies lived in communal groups and shared property, chores, etc. As this Sexual Revolution became known, sex became an open discussion in the mainstream idea. Moreover, the Followers of the counterculture encouraged sexual freedom. As sexual intercourse happened more often, Birth Control was introduced, causing woman to have more sex without having the need to worry about pregnancy. By 1970, 12 million women were "on the pill." Nevertheless, there were many pregnancies that were unplanned therefore, abortion was created and became legalized. Females also opposed the idea of having sexual intercourse only become mothers. Instead with pills or the choice of abortions, women were able to have sex as much as they wanted (free sex v.s being mothers). Furthermore, drugs widely influenced sex and mimics of sexuality, such as nudity, were seen in concerts. Unfortunately, as the sex revolution occurred, AIDS and other sexually transmitted disease began to rise.
The Gay movement in the 1960's
Like today, many homosexuals began to demand equal rights and respect in society; although "coming out" was already such a bazar form of activism and calling out for change, these movements were made infamous with the stonewall riots. "The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community, against a police raid in a gay/transgender club" (LGBT rep. of W.H community). This police raid was if not the most scandalous, the single most important tragedy that originated the fight for equality in the gay subculture everywhere in the world. The gay community was now part of the counterculture, like hippies. Under gay activists leaders, like David Carter, the homosexuals were able to go on riots, marches, keep "coming out" and be recognized for their gay pride. In present day America the gay community keeps expanding and "coming out" with pride, we are still able to have our gay parades, gay pride festivals, among many other gay events in a much more open minded society, where now, in some states, it is FINALLY legal to marry the same sex! <3
Young college activists opposed the Vietnam War to the war's brutality .
Many of these activists supported the civil rights movement and the change women wanted in society.
Women addressed the issues of the right to an abortion,equal pay in jobs,and elimination of gender based job discrimination.
The Gay/ Lesbian movement , which fought to freely express sex gender preference.
Anti Vietnam War protest
so what about now?
Although the Counterculture movement didn't last, it's impact influenced today from: drugs, music, and sexuality.
Drugs: In 1960's drugs were commonly used to feel the sensation of "freedom " and "no worries" , but today the consumption of drugs can be compare to those of the 1960s. Many individuals today use drugs in parties and for self satisfaction . Like the 1960s, many people today that consume drugs have the risk to overdose . Today there is still national debate on legalizing drugs like marijuana, although in some states marijuana is permitted and even concerts are held in, for example in Colorado,to promote the legalization of such drug. The topic of drugs also associated with partying and sex , which cane be experienced in certain concerts and raves.
Music : In the 1960s music was free spirited and although today's music is different, the free spitted music has influenced lyrics today. Music in the 1960s and today often express a sense of rebellion against a topic and enhancing the idea of sex and drugs. The music interest creates the union of individuals in concerts .
SEX: Sexuality today has been influenced from the 1960s counterculture movement. Today there is still the debate over abortion and even the use of birth control usage amongst teens. Both in the 1960s and today , sex transmitted disease are still common. Some individuals today still belief in the whole having "free sex" with anyone despite the risks. But despite the risks, the 1960s influenced sexuality for women, whom today feel like they have a say in sex .
Overall the 1960's Counterculture movement influenced America's future. The movement greatly changed the beliefs of every individual and shaped the idea of being different and unique. The idea of "individualism " influenced many to be themselves instead of doing what is said to be "normal". The movement was more than old vs. young, it was the movement that allowed individuals to care more about themselves and own beliefs. The movement allowed future generations to develop own beliefs that allowed society to be opposed. In conclusion both negative and positive aspects of the Counterculture moment , allowed individuals today to express themselves more and be encouraged to oppose society.
from hippies to "hipsters"
FROM WOODSTOCK TO cOACHELLA
PLUR (PEACE,LOVE UNITY,& RSPECT)
"My advice to people today is as follows: If you take the game of life seriously, if you take your nervous system seriously, if you take your sense organs seriously, if you take the energy process seriously, you must Turn on, Tune in, and Drop out. "
~ Timothy Leary (from "The Politics of Ecstacy" about LSD)