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Albinism

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by

Mimi Toroczkai

on 22 January 2014

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Transcript of Albinism

Albinism
What is Albinism?
Albinism is a congenital disorder, meaning that people are usually born with it or it's developed before birth.
Treatment
By Mimi Toroczkai
People who have it have a partial or complete absence of the pigment in their skin, hair, and eyes.
History
1908- First reported case
Been around for as long as we know
-Discrimination
Slaves with albinism were treated better because they had lighter skin.
The name comes from Latin (albus) meaning white.
Robert Crews
Nondisjunction or Heredity?
-Albinism is a hereditary disorder
-Can inherit it if your parents have:
-Albinism
-Are carriers
Dominant or Recessive?
-Albinism is a recessive trait
Jones Family
Gene or Chromosome Location
-Gene called Tyrosinase
-Chromosome 11
Probability
- 1 in 20,000 people affected worldwide
- Affects all people, genders, races
- Animals are affected
-Fewer females get it than males
Symptoms
-poor vision
-pink or white colored hair, skin and iris
-crossed eyes
-rapid eye movement
-photophobia
-blindness
-skin cancers
There isn't anything that will get rid of albinism, but there are steps to reduce the symptoms
-Sunscreen, to help reduce sunburns

-Prescription glasses, to help with vision problems
Full transcript