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The Five Aspects of Language Development

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Madison Cunningham

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of The Five Aspects of Language Development

THE FIVE ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
Madison Cunningham
Spring 2015

Semantic
the aspect of language knowledge that involves word meanings and vocabulary
Morphemic
Instruction
Pragmatic
Phonetic
Definition:

THE FIVE ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE development
Syntactic
knowledge of sound-symbol relations and sound patterns represented in a language
Tips for Parents
Books and Activities
Instruction
Definition:
the knowledge of how words can be combined in meaningful sentences, phrases, or utterances
Definition:
Definition:
knowledge of the different ways in which language is used in different settings and for different purposes
Definition:
knowledge of word structure or how words are composed of one or more meaningful linguistic units.
Books and Activities
Tips for Parents
Infants can perceive differences in sound.
Early book sharing with infants is important.
Toddlers may begin to explore letter and sound connections by manipulating magnetic letters on their family's refrigerator or in an early childhood classroom.
Children's auditory perception can be stimulated by playing a variety of music.
Phonological development may be negatively affected if children have many ear infections, problems with the ear, or physical malformations in the speech mechanism, such as a cleft palete, cleft lip, or tongue abnormality.
Infants and Toddlers
Preschoolers
Preschool children begin to develop phonemic awareness, which is a metalinguistic awareness that words are composed of separate sounds that can be manipulated.
Sound play is important as a preschooler. Preschoolers focus on the sound similarities between words and consciously manipulating the sound elements in a word.
Preschoolers begin to match speech sounds to print.
A writing center can aid preschoolers in their awareness of the connections between speech sounds and written symbols and demonstration of emerging alphabet knowledge.
Book sharing is important; children have the opportunity to develop the awareness of the sound-aural system and the sound-graphic system of language.
Kindergarteners
Children begin to focus on letter-sound connections when reading.
Children's early writing reveals attempts to deal with the way print represents specific speech sounds.
Have a message center in the classroom for drawing and writing.
A book center is appropriate for phonetic development as students relate letters to sound relationships.
Story-based writing and drawing is a way to encourage children's responses to shared books.
Primary Age
Phonological knowledge is increasingly influenced by reading and writing.
Abilities generally emerge in a specific order: alphabet knowledge, beginning consonant awareness, concept of word in text, spelling with beginning and ending consonants, phoneme segmentation, word recognition, and contextual reading ability.
Having a word wall is helpful to students.
An organized writing center is also helpful for phonemic development. This center can include journaling, talking, and specific prompting.
A morning message is also good for phonemic development.
Infants and Toddlers
Read with child at home
Talk about the illustrations in the books by labeling, commenting, and asking simple questions.
Talk with infants and toddlers on a routine basis, using a conversation loop pattern.
Preschoolers
Read with child at home regularly.
Talk with your preschooler at mealtimes, bedtime, in the car, at the grocery store, or at the playground.
Make talking with your preschooler a natural routine and connection.
Kindergarteners
Share books together, using the classroom and local libraries.
Write with your child, and encourage your child to illustrate their story.
Encourage your child to tell you stories, and read the stories that they have written.
Primary Age
Practice writing with your child.
Read with your child.
Have your child write and illustrate stories.
Practice spelling words, both out loud and written; maybe make a game out of it.
Encourage child to write letters and thank you notes to friends and family.
Instruction
Books and activities
Tips for parents
instruction
books and activities
tips for parents
instruction
books and activities
tips for parents
Infants and Toddlers
Early interactions between parents and infants are often in response to the infant's cries.
Use eye contact/shared reference of an object or action by both a child and an adult
Infants and Toddlers
3 Books:
Guess How Much I Love You (board book), by Sam McBratney
First 100 Words (board book), by Priddy Books
Little Friends Big and Small (board book), by Priddy Books
Preschoolers
3 Books:
Tap the Magic Tree, by Christie Matheson
Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?, by Bill Martin Jr.
Press Here, by Herve Tullet
Kindergarteners
3 Books:
LMNO Peas, by Keith Baker
Chicka Chicka Boom Boom
How Rocket Learned to Read, by Tad Hills
Primary Age
3 Books:
Click, Clack Moo: Cows that Type, by Doreen Cronin
Exclamation Mark, by Amy Krouse Rosenthal
Gaston, by Kelly DiPucchio

Primary Age
3 Books:
The Day the Crayons Quit, by Drew Daywalt
Pete the Cat: Rocking in My School Shoes, by James Dean and Eric Litwin
Olivia, by Ian Falconer
Kindergarteners
3 Books:
Rufus Goes to School, by Kim T. Griswell
Doughnuts for a Dragon, by Adam and Charlotte Guillain
The Little Engine that Could, by Watty Piper
Primary Age
3 Books:
Madeline, by Ludwig Bemelmans
The Cat in the Hat, by Dr. Seuss
The Magic School Bus presents Planet Earth, by Scholastic Books
Kindergarteners
3 Books:
The Pigeon Needs a Bath, by Mo Willems
If You Give a Dog a Donut, by Laura Numeroff
The Rainbow Fish, by Marcus Pfister
Infants and Toddlers
3 Books:
Little Dolphin, Finger Puppet Book, by Chronicle Books
Guess Who: Ocean Friends, by Jodie Shepherd
Small, Smaller (board book), by Corina Fletcher
Preschoolers
3 Books:
The Octopuppy, by Martin McKenna
I Don't Want to Be a Frog, by Dev Pelty
All Pigs are Beautiful, by Dick King-Smith
Primary Age
3 Books:
I Am Abraham Lincoln, by Brad Meltzer
The Magic School Bus presents Insects, by Scholastic Books
Insect Detective, by Steve Voake
Kindergarteners
3 Books:
Biscuit, by Alyssa Satin Capucilli
Dragons Love Tacos, by Adam Rubin
The Pigeon Wants a Puppy, by Mo Willems
Infants and Toddlers
3 Books:
Five Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed (board book), by Eileen Christelow
Goodnight Moon (board book), by Margaret Wise Brown
Paddington Bear All Day (board book), by Michael Bond
Preschoolers
3 Books:
We're Going on a Bear Hunt, by Michael Rosen
Bad Kitty, by Nick Bruel
Use Your Words, Sophie!, by Rosemary Wells
Infants and Toddlers
3 Books:
Love Monster (board book), by Rachel Bright
Little Friends, Home Sweet Home (board book), by Priddy Books
Where's Spot? (board book), by Eric Hill
Preschoolers
3 Books:
Go to Sleep, Little Farm, by Mary Lyn Ray
Penguin on Vacation, by Salina Yoon
I Know an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Pie, by Alison Jackson
Preschoolers
3 Books:
Please, Mr. Panda?, by Steve Antony
Little Mouse's Big Secret, by Eric Battut
Oh, The Things You Can Do that are Good for You! (all about staying healthy), by Tish Rabe
Infants and Toddlers
3 Books:
Toes, Ears, and Nose (board book), by Marion Dane Bauer
The Artist Who Painted a Blue Horse (board book), by Eric Carle
Don't Copy Me! (board book), by Jonathan Allen
Kindergarteners
3 Books:
Stellaluna, by Janell Cannon
Bug Detective, by Maggie Li
Where's the Pair?, by Britta Teckentrup
Primary Age
3 Books:
Brownie Groundhog and the Wintry Surprise, by Susan Blackaby
I am Rosa Parks, by Brad Meltzer
Cinders: A Chicken Cinderella, by Jan Brett
3 Activities:
Read to your child
Talk to your child, and establish eye contact
Play with manipulative letters of the alphabet
3 Activities:
Clapping the syllables of names
Put out pictures of different things, and have the child say what phoneme that thing starts with
Practice putting phonemes with other phonemes to make words; for example: "m" + "ice" = "mice"
3 Activities:
Listen and identify sound sequences
Swap sounds out of familiar songs and poems, and ask the child to identify the changes
Practice word rhyming sounds.
3 Activities:
Practice singing the alphabet with child
Practice spelling out different words
Read with child
Preschoolers
Assimilation and accommodation occur
Discuss during and after sharing books
Children not only learn the literal meanings of words but the subtle meanings as well.
Kindergarteners
Define words for students
Have conversations with students regularly; allow social time
Share books with students
Humor can help increase semantic awareness
Primary Years
Have a word wall in the classroom
Use a writing center
Have regular read-alouds with the class
3 Activities:
Talk about objects seen in books you read
Emphasize certain words that you are naming, such as, if you see a cat, emphasize the word "cat" and point out the animal
Use finger-painting activities, and name the colors used
3 Activities:
Use a drama corner in the classroom, and discuss different careers and their uniforms
Play outside, and have the child name different things seen in nature
Have a show and tell session, where the child names an object brought into class, and describes its characteristics
3 Activities:
Have a word wall, and add a new word to it each day or each week
Have your child tell you a story, but requiring them to use a certain word in the story, like "what," or "the," etc...
Have your child describe a book to you after reading it, for comprehension and vocabulary usage
3 Activities:
Make a cookbook with the child
Make a family scrapbook with the child, and have the child describe various memories with you
Go to a museum with your child and have him/her describe what they are thinking
Infants and Toddlers
Read with your child
Begin talking to your child about various things in the environment, such as stop signs, and restaurants
Read the grocery list to your child
Preschoolers
Read with your child
Ask your child questions about his/her day or experiences
Kindergarteners
Tell knock-knock jokes with your child
Use figurative language with your child, and help them to understand hidden meanings
Primary Age
Have your child keep a journal at home
Create a quiet corner for your child to read, write, do homework, etc. at home
3 Activities:
Talk to child using full sentences
Read different kinds of books to child
Ask child about their day
Infants and Toddlers
Use different types of sentences when talking with your child
Talk to your child often, and about many topics
Preschoolers
Ask child about their day, and keep the conversation going
Read books with a variety of sentence structures and lengths
Kindergarteners
Have child draw a picture, and then write a descriptive sentence beneath it
Read to your child, and ask them questions about the book after
Primary Age
Have your child read to you
Have your child explain the content of the book
3 Activities:
Have a writing/drawing station, where children can practice their skills
Have children listen to a recording of a book reading
Sing songs/poetry with child
3 Activities:
Have child describe various settings: home, school, etc.
Have the child practice reading sight words to you
Have the child re-tell you a story that they know
3 Activities:
Have the child read to you
Have child write out different types of written formats: letters, lists, etc.
Have the child practice journaling
Infants/Toddlers
Read with child
Engage child in conversations that require more than "yes" or "no" answers
Work on the use of pronouns
Preschoolers
Be an active listener when having a conversation
Make read-alouds meaningful and inquisitive
Have children speak in full sentences
Kindergarteners
Send home a family literacy pack with your student
Have the students practice writing and speaking in full, grammatically correct sentences
Use a morning message each day in sentence format
Primary Age
Have students write their own stories/poems
Have students practice journaling in full sentences
Infants and Toddlers
Talk to child
Reinforce pronoun usage
Preschoolers
Help the children understand present, past, and future tenses of verbs
Understand and correct overgeneralizations
Kindergarteners
Help students understand verb tenses
Help students understand comparatives and superlatives
Help students understand prefixes and suffixes, such as "-er"
Primary Age
Emphasize morphemic knowledge present in academic English
Have children study root words, prefixes, and suffixes
3 Activities:
Talk to child
Teach child baby sign language
Read to child
3 Activities:
Make comparisons between different things
Use descriptive words, that have prefixes or suffixes; example: "prettier"
Have regular conversations with child
3 Activities:
Have a prefix and suffix word wall, as well as a regular word wall
Have child tell you about day in past tense
Have child tell you a story they created using past or future tense
3 Activities:
Share writing with partners in the class
Practice journaling
Practice writing modified words, such as: "happy, happier, happiest."
Infants and Toddlers
Talk with your child regularly
Use pronouns around and with your child in conversation regularly
Teach your baby sign language
Preschoolers
Help your child understand different word meanings; not to overgeneralize
Have your child tell you a story they made up
Kindergarteners
Practice spelling at home
Practice using different verb tenses at home
Talk with your child regularly
Read with your child
Primary Age
Have your child practice journaling at home
Read with your child
Have your child read to you, and ask your child questions about the reading
Infants and Toddlers
Preschoolers
Kindergarteners
Primary Age
Infants and Toddlers
Preschoolers
Kindergarteners
Primary Age
Use academic language in the classroom
Teach students about different types of language in different settings
Have children write about their lives in a journal
Have students engage in conversations many times throughout the day
Have students tell stories to one another
Conduct a read-aloud with students, using culturally diverse books
Teach about different community helpers
Conduct read-alouds
Use storybooks during read-alouds, and then have students re-tell the story
Share books with children
Have conversations with children regularly
Teach baby sign language
3 Activities:
Share books with child
Have child draw with crayons on paper
Use child-directed speech
3 Activities:
Have a dramatic play center, where children can use different types of language for various situations
Have the child tell you a story; take turns sharing
With toys, have the children interact with each other, taking turns
3 Activities:
Teach children about genres of literature
Have students practice conversation regularly with their peers
Take a trip to a post office, have children discuss what they learn
3 Activities:
Have students use Academic English when in a classroom setting
Have students write their own stories and share with the class
Make a KWL chart about different types of literature
Talk to your child, using many different inflections and tones in your voice
Read with your child
Read with your child
Take your child to the grocery store with you, have them help you with the grocery list
Share various types of books with your child
Visit a zoo or a farm with your child, and talk about the things you see
Have your child practice healthy conflict resolution
Read different genres of books with your child
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