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Transcript of Ancient Japan
Bushido means way
of the warrior. It is the code of conduct for the samurai class in Japan. The name Bushido was not used until around the 16th century. During the Tokugawa period (around 1600's to about 1870) Confucian ethics kind of merged together with the Bushido code. The samurai were not only taught the Bushido code but were taught the Confucian thought to.
Daimyo is blended from dai and myo. Dai means large. Myo is for myoden or name-land, which means private land. Daimyo is any of the largest and the most powerful people in Japan. That time was around about the 10th century until around the 19th century.
Reference links part 2
Ancient Japan ABC's
Archery in Japanese is Kyudo. Kyudo means way of the bow. It was formerly known as Kyujutsu which means the technique of the bow. Kyudo is closely related to Zen Buddhism. In Kyudo your main interest is not to hit your target physically but to achieve through spiritual and physical training.
Cherry Blossoms in japanese is sakura. It is Japan's national flower. There are many different types of cherry blossom trees in Japan. Most of them only bloom in Spring for a couple of days. The japanese celebrate that time of year with parties (Hanami) under the trees. They view the trees during those parties.
The Edo Period was also called the
Tokugawa period. That period ran through 1603 until 1867. That period
has marked the governance of the Edo or Tokugawa Shogunate.
The Edo period ended with the Meiji Restoration. It is known as the beginning of the early modern period of Japan.
Fujiwara means field of wisterias.The Fujiwara Clan was a powerful family of regents in Japan.The clan originated when the founder was given the surname Fujiwara.The founder was Nakatomi no Kamatari. He was given the surname by Emperor Tenji.
The Tale of Genji
The tale of Genji is a big part of Japanese literature. People don't really call it that or in other words The Work of Genji. They usually call it plain old Genji. Genji was originally written for the women
of the yokibito.
that are in a
This period took place between 794 and 1185. It was named for the location of the Imperial Capital.The Imperial Capital was moved from Nara to Heian-Kyuto. Heian-Kyoto means peace and tranquility.
The Heian period is also associated with
The Tale of Genji.
Japan is full of islands (over three thousand islands.) Some of the main islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and, Shikoku. A lot of the islands are volcanic. Some of the islands have mountains. For example Japan's highest peak, Mount Fuji is a mountain and a volcano.
The Jomon Period was around 10,000 B.C.E to 300 B.C.E. During that time the earliest major culture of the prehistoric part of Japanese history developed. The word Jomon means rope pattern. It refers to the characteristics of clay vessels and clay figures. The people who make those clay vessels and clay figures make markings using sticks with cords wrapped around them.
Kanji is a type of writing in Japanese.There is also 3 more types of Japanese writing. Kanji means Han characters. It is originally from the chinese languauge. Japan didn't originally have a writing system of their own. Kanji brings chinese and Japanese language closer.
Lacquerware was brought to Japan from China from Korea. That introduction was during the middle of the 6th century. At the same time in China the Chinese Lacquer Tree was introduced. One of the pieces that was made in Japan during the 7th century is called the Tamamushi Shrine. That piece of artwork shows a very strong Korean influence.
Mount Fuji has four different names that it can be called. Those names are Fuji-san, Fujisan, Fujiyama, and Fuji no Yama. It is the highest mountain in Japan. It rises up to 12,388 feet. Mount fuji is a volcano but has not erupted since 1707. Geologists still call it active. Mount Fuji is considered as the sacred symbol of Japan.
The word ninja means to steal away. Ninja warriors are also known as the Shinobi. Ninjas specialized in secret war training tactics that led the warriors to be feared and respected. If you saw a ninja it was most likely not for a good cause. The first most common mention of ninjas was around the 15th century.
Origami is the ancient art of japanese paper folding. It has extended over 1000 years. You don't have to use anything but paper and your hands. Ori means folded and kami means paper. The origami crane is one of the most famous origami creations in Japan.
Haiku is also known as hokku. A haiku is a type of poetry. It contains 17 syllables in 3 lines. The first line consists of 5 syllables. The second line consists of 7 syllables and the last line is the same as the first line. Hokku was changed to haiku during the late 19th century. Haiku poems were famous in Japan during the 17th century.
The Japanese Quail is also called the Coturnix Quail. The Japanese Quail is a type of bird. It can start laying eggs at 6 weeks of age. It became it's own species in 1983. The Egyptians used to trap them for their meat. The Japanese Quail is mostly known in Europe and Asia.
The Shinto Religion was formed 500 B.C.E. Shinto means way of the kami. It has no founder. It is the formal state religion of Japan. This religion has over 3,000,000 followers. Today it is still one of japans major religions along side Buddhism and Christianity. Shinto do not have sacred text, instead they have four books that they base their beliefs on. The Kojiki, the Shoku Nihongi, the Rikkokushi, and the Jinno Shotoki.
The Samurai were also called the Bushi. They were the warriors of Ancient Japan. The samurai were at the highest ranking social caste during the Edo Period. They had weapons such as the bow and arrow, spears, and guns, but the weapon that they use the most is the sword. They live their lives according to the Bushido code. You can trace their origins all the way back to the Heian Period.
The Tokugawa period is also called the Edo period. It is the final period of traditional Japan under the Shogunate founded by Tokugawa Leyasu. This period was an era of strict social class rules. They used a caste system to divide people into certain social classes depending on what they do. There was a lot of economic and societal changes in Japan during this period.
Uji is part of the great clans. It helped rule early Japan. It is made up of different social groups. Uji translated into English is clan. It is also called the Uji-Kabane system.
located in a mountain region. The villages were cut off from the world for a long period of time. The style of the houses in Shirakawa-go and Gokayama is very rare. Many people live in those houses. Three examples of villages close by to Shirakawa-go and Gokayama are Ogimachi, Ainokura, and Suganuma.
Sumo wrestling is a sport where two wrestlers battle in a circle. In japanese, wrestler means rikishi. It originated in Japan. A famous or legendary sumo wrestler is Namino Sukune. Sumo wrestling means a fighting sport.
Fox in japanese is kitsune. In Japan people believe that the Inari-fox is good and that the bad foxes are afraid of the Inari-fox. Fox statues in Shinto shrines represent the god Inari. Foxes in Japan are also seen as rice protectors. That is because rodents eat rice and foxes eat rodents.
The Yayoi period was during the iron age. It was from 300 B.C.E to 25o C.E. It followed the Jomon period. The people that named this period named it after a section of Tokyo. The people from the Yayoi culture farm and grow their own food. Pottery was famous in Japan during the yayoi period.
Zen is japanese for meditation. Siddhartha Gautama is the founder. In other words he is called Buddha. Buddhism is not a religion, it is a philosophy. People say that Zen Buddhism is a way
How to make a fortune teller.
Origami ninja star