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Transcript of Sentence Fragments
Every sentence must have at least 3 components to be considered a complete sentence.
1. The sentence express a complete thought.
2. The sentence must have a subject.
3. The sentence must have an action. Sentences can also have:
Adjectives or adverbs
Phrases or dependent clauses Recognizing Sentence Fragments
To be a sentence, a word group must consist of at least one full independent clause.
An independent clause includes a subject and a verb, and it either stands alone or could stand alone
- I stepped on a Cornflake, and now I am a cereal killer. What is a sentence fragment?
A sentence fragment does not have all the basic parts of a complete sentence. It is missing something. But when I do. This here is not a complete thought. Ate my shoe. Oh dear, where did the subject go? A story with deep thoughts and emotions. That darn verb ran away from this sentence. 1. Does the group of words have a subject? 2. Does it have a verb? 3. Does it express a complete thought? Pull the fragment into a nearby sentence.
Rewrite the fragment as a complete sentence Example:
If your born ugly blame your parents. If you died ugly blame your doctor.
If your born ugly blame your parents, if you died ugly blame your doctore.
The girls melted. Upon hearing Benedict Cumberbatch voice.
Upon hearing Benedict Cumberbatch voice, the girls melted. How to fix phrases fragments
Three kinds of phrases are often mistaken for sentences:
Prepositional phrases There are two ways to fix a phrase fragment:
Strategy 1: Add words to form a complete sentence. Strategy 2: Combine it with another sentence. Verbal phrases
-Bones worked on the patient carefully. Examining
and recording every possible movements.
-Bones worked on the patient carefully, examining and recording every possible movements. Appositive phrases
-Smith ran away from an aliens invasion.
-Smith, a brilliant doctor, ran away from an alien invasion. Prepositional phrases
-Of volcanic rock.
-Devil's Tower is made of volcanic rock. Verbal phrases
-We have spent two weeks. Studying life forms.
-We have spent two weeks studying life forms. Appositive phrases
-We saw Seattle's underground. A waste dump back in the day.
-We saw Seattle's underground, a waste dump back in the day. Prepositional phrases
- Devil's Tower is a giant column. Of volcanic rock
- Devil's Tower is a giant column of volcanic rock. How to fix subordinate clause fragments
A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb.
An independent clause (or main clause) expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself as a sentence.
Ex: Before their performances, the band danced off there nervousness. How to fix subordinate clause fragments
A subordinate clause ( or dependent clause) cannot stand by itself as a sentence.
A subordinate clause has a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought.
Ex: when he (subject) realized (verb) his mistake
who (subject) accepted (verb) responsibility. How to fix subordinate clause fragments
There are two ways to fix a subordinate clause fragment:
Strategy 1: Add words to form a complete sentence.
Who accepted responsibility.
I admire the man who accepted responsibility.
Strategy 2: Combine it with another sentence.
Since he was just learning. The sergeant forgave him.
Since he was just learning, the sergeant forgave him. Commonly introduce
because Phrases with coordination conjunctions
- "Sentences" begining with coordinating conjunctions are usually fragments
- Coordinating conjunctions: AND,BUT, OR, NOR, FOR,YET.
Ex: The temperature outside was extremely cold. And I forgot my coat. (Fragment) Repairing phrases with coordinating conjunctions
- Attach phrase with coordinating conjunction to nearby sentence
Ex: The temperature outside was extremely cold. And I forgot my coat.
CORRECT: The temperature outside was extremely cold and I forgot my coat. beforeeven thoughhowifsince
Etc... subordinate clauses Subordinate clause
Phrase looks like a sentence(has a subject and verb), but begins with word that makes it subordinate(can't stand on it's own.. not complete thought).
Ex: Even though(subordinate "clue") we(subject) had lunch(verb)
-missing information...isn't a complete thought. When NOT to attach subordinate clause
- Do NOT attach the subordinate clause fragment to a nearby sentence if it would be awkward instead add words to amke the fragment complete. List that are fragments
-A list can be a fragment sentence.
Ex: Listening to a CD her sister had sent, Mia was overcome with a mix of emotions. Happiness, homesickness, nostalgia... (fragment). Repairing lists that are fragments
- Attach list to nearby sentence with colon (:)
Ex: Listening to a CD her sister had sent, Mia was overcome with mix emotions: happiness, homesickness, nostalgia. - Attach list to nearby sentence using a connecting termConnecting terms: ESPECIALLY, NAMELY, LIKE, SUCH ASEx: Listening to a CD her sister had sent, Mia was overcome with mix of emotions especially happiness, homesickness, and nostalgia. Examples that are Fragments
-Example "sentences" can be fragments.
-"Clue" words introduce an example
-ALSO, AND, BUT, FOR EXAMPLE, FOR INSTANCE, IN ADDITION, MAINLY, OR, THAT IS
Janie shoveled her elderly neighbors' driveway. Also brought in their mail and shopped for groceries. (fragement) Repairing Examples that are Fragments
-Add words to fragment to turn it into a complete sentence.
-Janie shoveled her elderly neighbors' driveway. She also brought in their mail and shopped for groceries. In this game, we will divide the class into three groups. Each group will try to complete the sentence fragments on the screen the fastest. The group that completes the fragments first will win a prize. 1. To the doctor last week to get my cast off. 2. Joann and I lived on the beach. During the Cold War. 3. I left the house in a hurry. And I forgot the darn cupcakes.