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Transcript of Voting Amendments
Amendments 12th Amendment Election of President and Vice President (1804) This amendment changed how the electoral college voted.
The electoral college votes for a President and a Vice President based on popular vote of their respected state.
Due to President and Vice President running together, who ever wins the President vote will also win the Vice President vote. 14th Amendment Rights of Citizens (1868) This amendment defines citizenship for the first time in the Constitution. It was intended to protect the rights of the freed slaves by guaranteeing all citizens "equal protection under the law." Replacement of the 3/5 clause. 15th Amendment Right to Vote - Race, Color, Servitude This gives all African Americans - both former slaves and free African Americans - the right to vote. Also Congress can pass laws to make sure this amendment is enforced. - Letter of the Law: - How in reality it works: 17th Amendment Popular Election of Senators (1913) Before 1913, state legislatures chose senators, this changed that by having the voting population of each state elect the senators. 19th Amendment The federal or state government can not deny the right to vote on account of gender. Women's Suffrage (1920) 23rd Amendment Presidential Electors for D.C. (1961) This gives the residents of the District of Columbia the right to vote in presidential elections. Washington D.C. now has 3 electoral votes. 24th Amendment Right to Vote in Federal Elections - Tax Payment (1964) Banning the use of a poll tax in national and state elections. 26th Amendment Right to Vote - Age (1971) Congress passed a law allowing 18 year olds the right to vote in national elections.