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THEO 403 (Fa '16) T19b - Sikhism

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Hartmut Scherer

on 28 July 2016

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Transcript of THEO 403 (Fa '16) T19b - Sikhism

Founder and key figures:
- Nanak (1469-1539) and nine
successive leaders (gurus)
through 1708
Essential beliefs and practices:
- Adi Granth
Major contemporary divisions:
- no divisions

A Study in Syncretism
- fusion between Islam and
What has Sikhism in common with Hinduism and Islam?
More than merging 2 religions
- followers believe that their founder Nanak had
a new divine revelation
Title adopted from David S. Noss, A History of the World's Religions (Prentice Hall, 2003), VI.I

Witnessing to Sikhs
- The Sikh religion was founded about 1,500 A.D.
by Guru Nanak (1469-1538)
- needs to be baptized
How can one become a member in the Sikh community?
- establish cordial relationships
- a state of bliss after one
escapes from the cycle of
renunciations and karma
The Golden Temple
- God - the “True Name” - appeared to Nanak
Arjan (fifth guru)
Some tips
- one God (the “True Name”),
who is represented on earth
through the holy book, the
Adi Granth
- most Sikhs identify with
the Khalsa, the military
society, in which all men
carry the surname Sing,
‘Lion,” and women are
called Kaur, “Princess”
- Nanak had a Hindu father and a Muslim mother
- shares mysticism and devotion with Hinduism
- shares monotheism with Islam
- God charged him with a redemptive mission
to a divided world
Golden Temple
- introduced the Khalsa (“the Pure”)
Gobind Singh (tenth and last guru)
Adi Granth
- to his son: "sit fully armed on your throne"
Kara, Kangha & Kirpan
- no successor; regard the Adi Granth as guru
Sikh temple, Old Delhi
- be devoted to God, not on ritual
- Regular participation in the
services held at a temple
- After a service, all attendants are
invited to a communal meal
- be aware of similar religious aspects
(e.g., monotheism)
- help them to see the uniqueness of Jesus Christ
- be prepared to share your faith
- invite Sikhs to attend a Christian worship service
(explain each part and difficult terms e.g., salvation)
(Adapted from http://www.4truth.net/sikhism/; Oct 30, 2012)
Full transcript