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Transcript of Terrorism
presented and created by
Lauryn L. Brown // Megan P. M. Ruff
What is Foreign Policy?
"A government's strategy in dealing with other nations"
George Washington's words in his 1779 Farewell Address of how the United States should : "avoid entangling alliances" shaped the U.S. foreign policy today. Following into the 20th century the U.S. became involved in many wars with other nations including: World War 2, the Vietnam War, and the Cold War. In the early 1900's the U.S. was guided by isolationism. After World War 2, the U.S. was following the idea of containment--- the policy of keeping communism from spreading. Since the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 containment no longer made sense.
U.S. Foreign Policy
Terrorism Impact on Foreign Policy
Definition of Terrorism
"The unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims."
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is responsible for ensuring the safety and security of the United States from terrorist attacks and other disasters. Created in the aftermath of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, DHS has largely focused on federal preparations to deal with terrorism while trying to manage other duties, including border security, customs and emergency management. The department’s fixation on terrorism has resulted in considerable controversy and criticism, including accusations of violating civil liberties.
Foreign Policy Goals
Preserving the national security of the United States
Promoting world peace and a secure global environment
Maintaining a balance of power among nations
Working with allies to solve international problems
Promoting democratic values and human rights
Furthering cooperative foreign trade and global involvement in international trade organizations
Who Makes Foreign Policy?
The main goal of foreign policy is to use diplomacy -- talking, meeting-- to resolve issues and concerns. The president is mainly responsible for shaping foreign policy. The National Security Council, as part of the Executive Office of the President, helps the President deal with foreign, military, and economic policies that affect national security. It consists of the President, the Vice President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, and others that the President designates. The National Security Adviser — who coordinates the Council — sometimes has as much influence as the Secretary of State, depending on his or her relationship with the President.
After events like 9/11, the Bush administration put an emphasis on focus on terror, preventive warfare (not preemptive), humanitarian assistance, questionable allies, and war weariness.
statistics of terrorist attacks around the world
Aviation and Transportation Security Act
The new TSA implemented procedures that included stricter guidelines on passenger and luggage screening. Only ticketed passengers could go through security, and an ever-changing array of machinery and procedures were introduced to scan for weapons and destructive items. As new threats were discovered after 9/11, new procedures were introduced, including removing shoes and banning liquids.