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Transcript of GMO
(WHO, 2013) GMOs are also known as “modern biotechnology,” “gene technology," “recombinant DNA technology,” or “genetic engineering”
(WHO, 2013) Allows selected individual genes to be transferred from one organism into another, including between non-related species (WHO, 2013) In 2000, 11% of corn in Indiana was GM In 2012, 84% of corn in Indiana was GM In 2000, 25% of US corn was GM In 2012, 88% of US corn was GM Highs and lows:
96% in North Dakota
91% in Iowa
76% in Ohio Humans have been selectively breeding organism for desired traits for many years
Today's methods are quicker and more controlled Pros Increased crop yield Reduced pesticide use Enhanced nutritional value Increased resistance to pests, diseases, and environmental stressors Greater food security Use of GM animals in research to benefit humans Cons Potential allergies Horizontal and vertical gene transfer Economic consequences Violation of ethical and religious beliefs Loss of biodiversity Increase susceptibility to diseases Potential health problems Opening doors to more controversial forms of GM Potential Applications Clean fuel Recombinant vaccines Dr. Konkol
Lecturer, IU Department of Biology By Paige Boyer, Courtney Harnish, and Carmen Huff Definition: Definition: Definition: A New Concept? Stats Considers selective breeding a type of GM Frequently hears myths such as "GMOs cause cancer" and "GMOs are less healthy than their non-GM counterparts" Lots of potential benefits, but also some important drawbacks Summary: "Proceed, but with caution" Phillips, T. (2008). Genetically modified organisms (GMOs): Transgenic crops and recombinant DNA technology. Nature Education
1(1). Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/genetically-modified-organisms-gmos-transgenic-crops-and-732
Smith, J. M. (2005). Protect yourself from genetically modified foods. Total Health 27(3): 23-26. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost
United States Department of Agriculture. (2012). Genetically engineered varieties of corn, upland cotton, and soybeans, by state and for
the Unites States, 2000-12 [Data file]. Retrieved from http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/adoption-of-genetically-engineered-crops-in-the-us.aspx#.UWIB5o6hAlI
Vazquez-Salat, N., Salter, B., Smets, G., & Houdebine, L.M. (2012). The current state of GMO governance: Are we ready for GM
animals? Biotechnology Advances 30: 1336-1343. doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2012.02.006
Whitman, D. B. (2000). Genetically modified foods: Harmful or helpful? Retrieved from
World Health Organization. (2013). 20 questions on genetically modified foods. Retrieved from
http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/biotech/20questions/en/ Xenotransplantation References Interview GMOs on FB #GMO Siri, where can I find a GMO?