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The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Transcript of The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Who built it...
Artemisia the wife and sister to King Mausolus
Artemisia died before the mausoleum was finished
Who is buried in it...
It was a tomb and tribute for Mausolus
When Artemisia died she was buried with Mausolus
They were both buried in an Alibaster sarcophogus
A mausoleum is an above ground tomb
It was a tomb for the Persian King Mausolus
The word mausoleum comes from the name Mausolus
The mausoleum is in present day southwest Turkey (Bodrum, Turkey) and in ancient day Anatolia
It is on a hill outside the town of Halicarnassus
Beginning to end
Construction was started in 353 B.C. the finished date is unknown
It was destroyed by an earthquke in the 1400's
The Crusaders used some of the ruins of the mausoleum to build Bodrum Castle
The Knights of St. John of Malta found the burial chamber when they were fortifying the castle
In 1852 the British museum sent Charles Thomas Newton to look for the mausoleum
He started an excavation and eventually found many statues that he sent back to the British museum
Britain and Turkey
Turkey wants all of the famous statues from Halicarnassas back
When Charles Newton discovered the statues the law that you need to leave what you discover in the country wasn't a law
There is an international argument about who owns the statues
Before and After
We don't really know what it looked like before it was destroyed but it might have looked like the left picture
The mausoleum looks like the right side today
127 by 100 feet is it base and 140 feet high
Each side of it was sculpted by a different person: Scopas, Bryaxis, Timotheus, Leochares
The most famous statue was Mausolus and Artemisia in a chariot being pulled by horses on the top of the mausoleum
I hope you know where the word mausoleum comes from!