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The American Revolution
Transcript of The American Revolution
Tea Act/Boston Tea Party
Although the Tea act is an intolerable act, it is a huge event in history, because it lead to the Boston Tea Party.
Boston Massacre - March 5th, 1770
The night of March 5th, 1770, a group of about 100 angry colonists gather in the streets of Boston. These men meet up on King St., all angry because they lost their jobs due to the British. They faced off against 8 redcoats, all armed, but with orders to not shoot. Chaos breaks out as one of the colonists throws a club at the redcoats. The british begin to fire at the unarmed colonists. After, the colonists take the wounded and flee the scene. Paul revere illustrates a moving image of the event
Battle of Bunker Hill
Stamp Act - 1765
Britain needed money to pay for the wars they had lost, so they turned to the colonists for money. They raised taxes incredibly high on everyday items that colonists bought and needed, so it would be nearly impossible to not buy the taxed items.
Taxed items like newspaper, pamphlets, newspaper, playing cards, letters, legal documents, basically everything on paper
in order to get a stamp, the colonists had to buy them from British collectors, and they became very hated
the collectors were attacked multiple times
because of this, the stamp act was eventually repealed
Sugar Act - 1764
sugar was used in the colonies to make rum and liquor
when sugar was taxed, the colonists were outraged, they wanted cheap drinks
this act was eventually repealed as well, but other goods were still taxed too
Since the British repealed the acts that the colonists protested against, the colonists took their power into consideration. If they rebelled against other things as well, would the British give up as well? They saw that they could eventually win by protesting, so they protested other things. These small events were the kind of spark that slowly lead to the revolution itself, by the British trying to take something and the colonists standing their ground and saying no.
The Tea Act was what caused the colonists to rebel, and the Boston Tea Party was a result of that. It required the colonists to only buy British tea, and although it was cheaper than other teas, it was unreasonably taxed, and the colonists were not happy about this
Boston Tea Party
The colonists had demanded that the British ships return back to Britain, but the captains were ordered to refuse
On December 6th, 1773, a group of colonists, disguised as native americans, boarded three british ships. They were careful to not disurb anything but the tea thoough. They didn't even break the locks to the gates. Their focus was solely on the demolition of the tea itself. 340 chests of tea were dumped in the harbor that night, 92,000 pounds or 46 tons.
Since the colonists only destroyed the tea, and nothing else, this not only showed their thirst for freedom, but their patience and precision. They didn’t even break the locks or hatches on the boat, only the tea. They were willing to take it to the extreme to make a point for freedom, and this is what lead to the revolutionary war.
This fueled the fire of the colonists because they were angry their people were killed with no reason. The British were the most powerful army in the world, and they fired on unarmed colonists. The Americans were unhappy with how they were portrayed as that night, the underdogs, the weak ones, and wanted to revolt.
Success of the Revolution
June 17th, 1775
During the American revolution, the British planned to invade bunker hill, which was held by colonists. However, thr night before, they didn't know that while they slept, the colonists were up all night preparing for the invasion
In the morning, the British discovered wall had been built using mud, and were not happy. They tried firing cannons, but they made no impact. The british are fighting uphill carrying heavy equipment, right in the colonists line of fire. Things aren't going well for them in what they thought would be an easy fight. But, the colonists has a problem: they were running out of ammo. “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes”, instructed Colonel William Prescott. The Americans quickly fall and the British break through the fortress. At the end, the British suffer with 226 fatalities, and another 828 men injured.
Although this is was a british victory in that moment, I would still consider it a success for the Americans in the long run. They were considered rebellions by the British, a joke almost. But, they held them off for quite some time, and did significant damage. So, the british won the battle, but America won that day in terms of intimidating the British and slowly reducing their hope.
Causes of the Revolution
Battle of Monmouth - June 28th, 1778
During this Battle, the British teamed up with their ally, Germany, and tried to access Sandy Hook by attacking George Washington and his troops, who guarded the entrance. The British attacked Washington repeatedly, but were shot down and held off.
This battle is also extremely important and significant, because it’s the first time the American troops stood their ground against the British in an open field.
Primary Source - Abigail Adam's Letter to John Adams, regarding the Battle of Bunker Hill
“Boston, Sunday, 18 June 1775
The day—perhaps the decisive day—is come, on which the fate of America depends. My bursting heart must find vent at my pen. I have just heard that our dear friend, Dr. Warren, is no more, but fell gloriously fighting for his country; saying, Better to die honorably in the field, than ignominiously hang upon the gallows. Great is our loss. He has distinguished himself in every engagement, by his courage and fortitude, by animating the soldiers and leading them on by his own example. A particular account of these dreadful, but I hope glorious days, will be transmitted you, no doubt, in the exactest manner.
“The race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong; but the God of Israel is He that giveth strength and power unto his people. Trust in him at all times, ye people, pour out your hearts before him; God is a refuge for us.” Charlestown is laid in ashes. The battle began upon our intrenchments upon Bunker's Hill, Saturday morning about three o'clock, and has not ceased yet, and it is now three o'clock Sabbath afternoon.
It is expected they will come out over the Neck tonight, and a dreadful battle must ensue. Almighty God, cover the heads of our countrymen, and be a shield to our dear friends! How many have fallen, we know not. The constant roar of the cannon is so distressing that we cannot eat, drink or sleep. May we be supported and sustained in the dreadful conflict. I shall tarry here till it is thought unsafe by my friends, and then I have secured myself a retreat at your brother's, who has kindly offered me part of his house. I cannot compose myself to write any further at present. I will add more as I hear further.
I have been so much agitated, that I have not been able to write since Sabbath day. When I say that ten thousand reports are passing, vague and uncertain as the wind, I believe I speak the truth. I am not able to give you any authentic account of last Saturday, but you will not be destitute of intelligence. Colonel Palmer has just sent me word that he has an opportunity of conveyance. Incorrect as this scrawl will be, it shall go. I ardently pray that you may be supported through the arduous task you have before you. I wish I could contradict the report of the Dr's death; but it is a lamentable truth, and tears of the multitude pay tribute to his memory; those favorite lines of Collins continually sound in my ears: “How sleep the brave” etc.
I must close.… I have not pretended to be particular with regard to what I have heard because I know you will collect better intelligence. The spirits of the people are very good; the loss of Charlestown affects them no more than a drop in the bucket.
I am, most sincerely, yours,
This is Abigail Adams’, john Adams’ wife, account of the battle of Bunker Hill. She describes the details of the fight and how outnumbered the colonists were. She is amazed at the bravery of the colonists that day. She signs it Portia for the safety and confidentiality of her words.